Pharm Final exam Flashcards


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1

A drug that binds to a receptor and stimulates its function is said to be a(n) _______________ drug.

agonist

2

Prescriptions must include all of the following information except

patient's social security number.

3

An order for a drug to be given as needed is called a _______________ order.

PRN

4

An example of a C-1 scheduled drug is:

heroin

5

Which form of drug preparation tends to act more quickly?

gas

6

Which one of the following abbreviations indicates an ointment form of a given drug?

ung

7

Which one of the following abbreviations indicates that a drug is to be given orally?

PO

8

How is a medication administered by any route except the mouth?

parenterally

9

Which one of the following terms is the study of the four basic processes of absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion in response to drugs?

pharmacokinetics

10

Distribution of drugs within the body is carried out through which one of the following body systems?

circulatory

11

The time between the administration of a drug and the first appearance of its effects is called

onset

12

Which group of drugs is known as receptor blockers?

antagonists

13

An expected but unintended effect of a drug is termed a(n) _______________ effect.

side

14

Which drug form is used the least in the surgical department?

Solid

15

When a drug travels from the site of administration into the bloodstream, it is called

absorption

16

Most drugs are excreted and eliminated by the

kidney

17

A drug that enhances the effect of another drug is called a(n)

synergist

18

An intrathecal injection is:

placed into the subarachnoid space

19

The abbreviation bid represents which one of the following?

twice a day

20

The abbreviation NPO represents which one of the following?

nothing by mouth

21

Volatile anesthetic agents are eliminated from the body via

the lungs

22

Which drug administration route causes many drugs to undergo the "first-pass effect"?

oral

23

How is antibiotic irrigation applied during surgery?

topical

24

Many antibiotics used in surgery come in _________ form and must be reconstituted.

powder

25

The study of drugs derived from natural sources is called

pharmacognosy

26

Drugs that are listed with a C-I are considered to

have a high-abuse potential with no medical use.

27

Which government agency was established to enforce the Controlled Substances Act?

DEA

28

Nonprescription medications are also known as which one of the following?

over the counter

29

All of the following are disadvantages to pharmacogenetics except

its use to target specific diseases.

30

Who assigns a brand name to a new medication?

manufacturer

31

A medication's generic name is

never capitalized

32

On some medication labels, the generic name is

placed inside parentheses.

33

The full quantity contained in a medication bottle is its

total volume

34

The organization that internationally regulates medications is

WHO

35

The identifying number on every prescription that is required by federal law is called the

national drug code

36

Coordination of research about drug abuse in another country is regulated by the

WHO

37

Tablets placed under the tongue for rapid absorption are called:

subinguinal

38

How does a surgical technologist know if he or she can handle and administer medications in his or her state?

researching states policy online

39

Which of the following is an advantage of pharmacogenomics?

Facilitate the medication approval process

40

What should be done to an otic suspension medication to dilute the particles before it is administered to the patient?

must be shaken

41

How should an outdated multi-use vial of a local anesthetic be handled?

returning it to the pharmacy

42

All are found on medication labels, except

PDR number

43

Which source is the most reliable way to check that medication information is accurate online?

using a government website

44

Seven o'clock in the morning, military time, would be written as

0700

45

The equivalent fraction to 3/4 is

75/100

46

3 5/8 written as an improper fraction is

29/8

47

In the number 123.45678, which digit is in the thousandths place?

6

48

Your surgery supervisor asks you to report to work by seven thirty in the morning. How would this be written in military time?

0730

49

Which fraction is in its lowest terms?

3/4

50

What is the decimal form of the fraction 1/2?

0.5

51

0.25% is expressed as a fraction as

25/100

52

What is 25% of 50?

12.5

53

Your surgeon is using a medication that is given according to the surgical patient's weight in kilograms. The patient weighs 6 pounds. How many kilograms is this?

2.73

54

For an infant surgical procedure, the operating room temperature must be warm. Your surgeon wants to know the current temperature in Fahrenheit, but you know the temperature is 38 degrees Celsius. What is the Fahrenheit temperature?

100.4

55

The route of administration which produces the most immediate action is:

IV

56

The basic unit of measurement for weight in the metric system is the:

gram

57

The number of mililiters in a cup is:

240

58

A drug with a high potential for addition and abuse is a/an:

controlled substance

59

The physician asks for 30mg of papverine and the label on the bottle reads "60mg/2ml." How much would you draw up?

1mL

60

A 50% solution of dextrose in water means that:

there are 50 g of dextrose in 100 mL of water

61

A bolus is:

dose injected all at once, intravenously

62

Pharmacokinetics focuses on how the body

process by which drugs move through the body

63

Drug effects that occur predictably and may not cause a problem

side effect

64

The patented name of medication is also its

proprietary name

65

Which name is derived from the molecular formula of the drug?

chemical

66

One liter is equal to

1000 mL

67

The needed medication comes in 100 mg per 1cc. The surgeon wants 50 mg. Your syringe will draw up _______ of the medication

0.5cc

68

How many mL are in a 30 cc syringe?

30mL

69

The organization that evaluates and accredits health care instituations is:

the joint commission

70

Medication labels must contain all of the following information except

contraindications

71

All of the following are acceptable to store medication in on the sterile table, except

opened ampules

72

When recapping a needle you should

use the one handed method

73

Which statement does not apply to the required steps for proper medication identification?

Show the label to the surgeon

74

The scrub person may receive medications into the sterile field in all of the following ways except

circulator places the bottle on the corner of the back table.

75

Which of the following steps does not apply once a medication error has occurred?

An incident report is not required.

76

When changing shifts, the incoming surgical technologist notices one of the medications on the sterile field is not accurately labeled. What should he or she do?

Discard the medication and ask the circulator for a new dose.

77

All of the following are rights of medication administration except:

right physician

78

All of the following must be read aloud when identifying a drug except

manufacturer

79

Which member of the surgical team must document the medications that are used at the surgical field?

circulator

80

The most accurate way to measure liquid medication is:

syringe

81

Pharmacologic agents used in diagnostic radiographic testing are considered which one of the following?

...

82

Pharmacologic agents used in diagnostic radiographic testing are considered which one of the following?

contrast media

83

Staining agents are used surgically to

identify abnormal cells

84

Why is it necessary to place a urinary catheter in a surgical patient undergoing a procedure during which diuretics will be administered?

Because of large amounts of urine excreted

85

Contrast media for radiographic studies:

barium sulfate

86

All of the following are true of contrast media except

most are radiotransparent.

87

The Surgical Patient Checklist is a tool to help with compliance for antibiotic administration and was developed by

WHO.

88

Surgical instruments that are improperly cleaned prior to sterilization are an example of

exogenous source

89

Which agent is used to mark skin incisions?

dyes

90

The most common diuretic is:

lasix

91

A chemical agent is brought into the OR suite by the circulating nurse, during a laser procedure of the cervix. It smells like vinegar—what do you suspect the chemical agent is?

acetic acid

92

The trade, or brand name, for furosemide is

LASIX

93

A contrast medium used when performing a cholangiogram is :

diatrizoate sodium (Hypaque)

94

An antimicrobial agent used to inhibit bacterial growth is called

bacteriostatic.

95

Antibiotics are divided into groups that include all of the following EXCEPT:

succinimides

96

Preoperative and intraoperative antibiotics may be administered by any one of the following methods except

orally

97

Which one of the following conditions is not a result of hypokalemia?

increased intracranial pressure

98

If a surgical patient has a positive shellfish allergy and is undergoing a procedure that requires the use of a contrast media, what should the surgical technologist do?

Have nonionic contrast agents available

99

Prophylactic antibiotics are prescribed to

prevent infection

100

The trade, or brand name, for mannitol is

osmitrol

101

Which dye is administered intravenously so that it can be excreted by the kidneys to show immediate damage to bladder or ureters?

indigo carmine

102

What cardiac condition requires treatment with diuretics?

congestive heart failure

103

Many radiopaque contrast media contain barium or

iodine

104

To perform a Schiller's test of the cervix, which agent is applied topically?

lugols solution

105

All of the following are blue-colored dyes except

lugols solution

106

All of the following are working theories for the development of resistant pathogens except

prescribing limited-spectrum antibiotics.

107

Which one of the following medications is a loop diuretic?

lasix is a loop diuretic

108

What anatomical structure can nephrons be found in?

kidney

109

Endogenous infection occurs from

the patient's own bacteria

110

How is Lymphazurin blue 1% used to find a sentinel node?

The surgeon follows its path to the node.

111

The only diuretic administered from the sterile back table is

mannitol

112

Dyes can be administered by all of the following methods except

ingested into the digestive system.

113

A sulfonamide cream that is used as a topical dressing for burn patients is called

Silvadene cream

114

An osmotic diurettic agent used to decrease cerebral edema and intraocular edema is:

mannitol

115

Acetic acid is used to

identify cervical dysplasia.

116

The dye used to demonstrate the patency of the fallopian tubes is:

methylene blue

117

Which term indicates an abnormally high concentration of potassium in the blood?

hyperkalemia

118

A Sulfonamide is an antimicrobial chemical and is further classified as

a synthetic antibacterial.

119

The definition of a diuretic medication is an agent that prevents the reabsorption of sodium and water by which one of the following organs?

the kidneys

120

Diruetics cause:

increased urine secretion

121

To cause an infection, a pathogen must have which of the following?

a source

122

Bacteria can obtain antibiotic resistance through:

conjugation

123

All of the following must be read aloud when identifying a drug except

manufacturer.

124

Which is the correct group of antibiotics that belong to the beta-lactam class?

Penicillins, cephalosporins, carbapenems

125

Which procedure uses methylene blue in order to verify patent tubes?

Chromotubation

126

Hydrochlorothiazide (HydroDIURIL) is which type of diuretic medication?

Thiazide

127

Which electrolyte may be seriously depleted in patients taking certain diuretics?

potassium

128

A way of distinguishing between two types of bacteria is called

gram staining

129

Antibiotics assist the surgical patient's own defenses to prevent or diminish

SSI

130

The diuretic medication that draws fluid out of tissues and into the circulatory system is called

osmotic

131

Which one of the following major groups of antibiotics is classified into five generations on the basis of the spectrum of its activity?

Cephalosporins

132

Which one of the following is classified as a high-ceiling diuretic medication and is used to decrease intracranial pressure?

LASIX

133

When too much potassium is excreted, the resulting condition is called

hypokalemia

134

A series of tests used to identify disease-causing microorganisms and to determine their susceptibility to various antibiotics is called

culture and sensitivity.

135

Potassium-sparing diuretics are commonly used to treat which one of the following conditions?

edema

136

Which diuretic is contraindicated in patients with hypertension?

Osmotic.

137

Diuretics cause the elimination of excess fluid by preventing the reabsorption of which one of the following elements?

sodium

138

Diuretics help to lower blood pressure by

lowering blood volume.

139

What is the normal range for serum potassium?

3.5 to 5.0 mEq/L

140

Disease-causing microorganisms are called

pathogens

141

Among the most common causative agents of SSI are bacteria known as

Staphylococcus aureus.

142

When a microorganism's DNA sequence is altered to prevent destruction by an agent, the microorganism is said to have developed a(n)

antibiotic resistance.

143

Which concentration of epinephrine is for topical use only?

1:1000

144

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is produced by which gland?

Pituitary

145

Oxytocin is available under which trade name?

pitocin

146

Which one of the following hormones is given for palliative treatment of metastatic breast cancer?

estrogen

147

Which one of the following is not a thyroid hormone?

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

148

The simplest hormone is:

amines

149

The majority of endocrine disorders are due to either hyposecretion or hypersecretion of hormones.

true

150

The ________________ is known as the "Master Gland."

Pituitary Gland

151

The largest endocrine gland is:

Thyroid gland

152

Palliative refers to relieving symptoms but not does cure the condition or disease.

ESTROGEN

153

is administered for testosterone replacement therapy for the absense of hormone secretion in hypogonadism.

Delatestryl

154

The use of intraoperative antibiotics is a sufficient substitute for aseptic technique.

The use of intraoperative antibiotics is a sufficient substitute for aseptic technique.

155

What will happen if epinephrine 1:1000 is injected?

Tachycardia and hypertension

156

Which classification of drugs is used to induce uterine contractions and reduce bleeding after vaginal or cesarean section delivery?

oxytocic

157

Cabapenems, or beta lactum antibiotics, are considered effective against MRSA.

MRSA

158

Dr. Avery is checking for patency in the ureters following an abdominal hysterectomy. He asks anesthesia to administer ___________ to be given IV to verify ureteral orifices.

indigo carmine

159

______________ must act against pathogenic microorganisms without harming host cells.

selective toxicity

160

Drugs known to be tough on the kidneys include:

all that are listed.