constitution study guide

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1

what is the preamble?

a brief introductory statement of the Constitution's fundamental purposes and guideline principles.

2

Article I covers what?

The Legislative branch

3

Article II covers what?

The Executive branch

4

Article III covers what?

The Judicial branch

5

what is double jeopardy?

the prosecution of a person twice for the same offense

6

Article V covers what?

the amending process

7

Article VI covers what?

the Supremacy Clause

8

Article VII covers what?

ratification

9

what are the first ten amendments known as?

The Bill of Rights

10

How many total articles are there?

seven articles

11

how many total amendments are there?

twenty seven amendments

12

what is an amendment?

a minor change or addition designed to improve the Constitution

13

how many ways are there to formally amend the Constitution?

two ways: both legislative houses approve with a 2/3 vote, and the Constitutional Convention to be called by 2/3 of the legislatures of the United States.

14

House of Representatives: what is the length of the term?

2 years

15

House of Representatives: what are the qualifications?

at least 25 years old, citizen for 7 years, and lives in the state he is elected to represent

16

What is the number of representatives in each state? what is the minimum number per state?

at least one representative per state

17

what is the name of the position that is considered the leader of the House of Representatives?

the Speaker of the House

18

Senate: what are the qualifications?

at least 30 years old, citizen for 9 years, and lives in the state he is elected to represent

19

Senate: what is the length of the term?

6 years

20

How many Senators are there for each state?

2 senators

21

There are two leadership positions in the Senate. name both of them

Vice President and President of the Senate

22

what is the number of terms a Senator or Representative may serve?

2 terms

23

what are the Senate and House of Representatives known as collectively?

Congress

24

Article I, Section 8 talks about what?

the powers of Congress

25

Congress has the power to declare what, according to Article I, Section 8?

the power to declare war

26

Congress has the power to raise and support what?

raise and support armies

27

Congress has the power to lay and collect what?

lay and collect taxes

28

Congress has the power to coin what?

coin money

29

Congress has the power to create what?

laws/bills

30

What is a copyright?

a form of protection grounded in the US Constitution and granted by law for original works of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression

31

What is a patent?

the granting of a property right by a sovereign authority to an inventor

32

Who or what has the power to issue copyrights or patents?

Congress

33

explain the significance of Article I, Section 8, Clause 18

The Necessary and Proper Clause: to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution

34

What are the denied powers listed in Article I?

Congress cannot make expo facto laws, cannot tax from any state, and no state shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation

35

what is an expo facto law?

a law that retroactively changes the legal consequences of actions that were committed before the enactment of the law

36

What are the written qualifications for President?

US citizen from birth, at least 35 years old, lived in the US for at least 14 years

37

what is the electoral college?

they elect the president. each state is given a number of representatives equal to its senators and representatives

38

when is Presidential election day?

November 2

39

The president is considered to be the commander in chief of what?

state, executive, administrator, diplomat, legislator, party, and citizen

40

the president can make treaties with whose and how much consent?

the Senate with approving with a 2/3 vote

41

is the president's cabinet mentioned anywhere in the Constitution?

it is never mentioned in the Constitution itself

42

what are the reasons for impeachment?

committing treason, bribery, and other high crimes and misdemeanors

43

where is someone impeached?

The House of Representatives and the Senate have the sole power of impeachment

44

Who holds the trial if someone is impeached?

the Senate

45

who presides over an impeachment trial?

The Senate

46

The Judicial power of the United States is vested where?

the Supreme Court

47

the Constitution created only one court. what is it?

the Supreme Court

48

who sets up the inferior court

Congress

49

treason, the only crime defined in the Constitution, consists of what?

Levying war against enemies, adhering to enemies, and giving them aid and comfort

50

someone may not be convicted of treason without what?

direct evidence of two or more witnesses to the same overt act upon his or her confession under oath in open court

51

what is the supreme law of the land

the Constitution

52

in which article is the supremacy established?

Article VI

53

in a case between national or state law, which would be supreme?

state law

54

the first amendment gives US citizens what freedoms?

freedom of speech, religion, press, assemble, and petitioning the government

55

the second amendment gives US citizens what freedom?

right to bear arms

56

if someone is on trial, they are guaranteed what kind of trial?

a speedy and fair trial

57

what is double jeopardy?

the prosecution of a person trice for the same offense

58

may someone be subjected to double jeopardy?

no, as stated in the fifth amendment

59

states may not use what types of punishment?

cruel and unusual punishment

60

the fact that all citizens should be treated fairly by the law, in terms of arrest, sentencing, etc. is known as what?

due process

61

to whom and what does the 10th amendment give power?

the states

62

what is the length of term for the president?

4 years

63

to how many terms is the president limited?

2 terms

64

what is the length of the term for a member of the Supreme Court?

as long as they choose, unless impeached

65

what branch is responsible for making laws?

the legislative branch

66

what branch is responsible for carrying out laws?

the executive branch

67

what branch is responsible for interpreting the laws?

the judicial branch

68

what are the only two roles spelled out for the Vice President in the Constitution?

succeed to presidency upon the death or resignation of a president, and residing over the Senate

69

what is the only condition specified by the Constitution concerning the nature of state governments?

each state shall have a republican form of government

70

what does Article VI say about administering religious tests to candidates for public office?

no religious tests shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public trust under the United States

71

How many amendments have been repealed?

the only amendment that has been repealed is the eighteenth amendment