Infectious Disease Flashcards


Set Details Share
created 2 months ago by lilliemae
2 views
updated 2 months ago by lilliemae
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Gram Positive Organisms:

"Diaphragm UP"

  1. Staphylococci
    • MRSA
    • MSSA
  2. Streptococcus pneumoniae
  3. Streptococcus pyogenes
  4. Enterococcus
    • VRE
  5. Listeria monocytogenes
  6. Corynebacterium
2

Gram Positive Coverage:

  1. Penicillins
    • Natural Penicillin
      • Penicillin VK
      • Penicillin G (Benzathine/Bicillin LA)
    • Aminopenicillins
      • Amoxicillin
      • Ampicillin
    • Amoxicillin Clavulanate
    • Ampicillin Sulbactam
    • Piperacillin/Tazobactam
    • Anti-staphylococcal
      • Nafcillin
      • Oxacillin
      • Dicloxacillin
      • Methicillin
    • Cephalosporins (all generations)
    • Carbapenems
    • Aminoglycosides in synergy with beta lactams or vancomycin
    • Quinolones
    • Macrolides (50S)
    • Tetracyclines (30S)
    • Sulfonamides
    • Lipoglycopeptides
      • Televancin
      • Oritavancin
      • Dalbavancin
    • Vancomycin
    • Lincosamide
      • Clindamycin
3

Gram Negative Organisms:

"Diaphragm DOWN"

  1. Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  2. Neisseria meningitis
  3. Colonize in the gut
    • Proteus mirabilis
    • E. coli
    • Klebsiella
    • Serratia
    • Enterobacter
    • Citrobacter
  4. Do NOT colonize in the gut
    • Pseudomonas
    • H. influenzae
    • Providencia
  5. Acinetobacter
  6. Bordetella Pertussis
  7. Moraxella Catarrhalis
4

HNPEK:

  1. Haemophilus Influenzae
  2. Neisseria
  3. Proteus
  4. Escherichia coli
  5. Klebsiella
5

SPACE:

  1. Serratia
  2. Providencia/ Pseudomonas
  3. Acinobacter
  4. Citrobacter
  5. Enterobacter
6

SPICE:

  1. Serratia
  2. Pseudomonas (Providencia)
  3. Indole-positive Proteus
  4. Citrobacter
  5. Enterobacter
7

ESCHAPPM:

  1. Enterobacter
  2. Serratia
  3. Citrobacter
  4. Haemophilus Influenzae
  5. Acinetobacter
  6. Providencia
  7. Proteus
  8. M
8

HENPEK:

...

9

Gram Negative Coverage:

  1. Penicillins
    • Aminopenicillins
      • Amoxicillin
      • Ampicillin
    • Amoxicillin Clavulanate
    • Ampicillin Sulbactam
    • Piperacillin/Tazobactam (SPACE)
  2. Cephalosporins ( all generations)
  3. Carbapenems
  4. Monobactams
  5. Aminoglycosides
  6. Quinolones
  7. Tetracyclines
  8. Sulfonamides
  9. Macrolide (weak coverage)
10

Anaerobic Organisms:

Gram Positive Anaerobes

    1. Pepto streptococcus
    2. Propionibacterium acnes
    3. Clostridium (C. diff)
    4. Staphylococcus saprophyticus

Gram Negative Anerobes

    1. Bacteroides fragilis
    2. Prevotella
    3. Pseudomonas aeruginosa
11

Anaerobic Coverage:

  1. Penicillins (except antistaphylococci)
  2. Cephalosporins (all generations)
  3. Carbapenems
  4. Monobactams (Pseudomonas)
  5. Macrolides
  6. Vancomycin
  7. Lipoglycopeptides
  8. Linezolid
  9. Lincosamide - Clindamycin
  10. Rifamycins
12

Atypical Organisms:

  1. Chlamydia
  2. Legionella
  3. Mycoplasma pneumoniae
  4. Mycoplasma tuberculosis
13

Atypical Coverage:

  1. Quinolones
  2. Macrolides
    • Azithromycin
    • Clarithromycin
  3. Tetracyclines
    • Doxycycline
    • Minocycline
  4. Rifamycins
  5. Sulfonamides?