Fundamentals of Nursing: Health promotion and illness prevention Flashcards

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created 1 year ago by Jenniferduvall
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Health promotion is:

- The behavior of a person who is motivated by a personal desire to increase well-being and health potential.


illness/disease prevention

- Also called health protection, is behavior motivated by a desire to avoid or detect disease or to maintain functioning within the constraints of an illness or disability


Primary level of health promotion and preventive care includes:

Promoting health and preventing the development of disease or injury by:

- Weight loss

- Diet

- Exercise

- Smoking cessation

- Avoidance of illicit drugs

- Seat belts and child safety seats

- Immunizations

- Water treatment

- Safer sex practices

- Health risk assessments


Secondary level of health promotion and preventive care includes:

- Screening for early detection of disease with prompt diagnosis and treatment

- Goal is to identify and illness and reverse or reduce its severity

- BP screenings
- Pap smears
- Mammograms
- Testicular examinations


Tertiary level of health promotion and preventive care includes:

- Begins after an illness is diagnosed and treated

- Goal is to reduce disability and help rehabilitate patients

- Medication
- Surgical treatment
- Physical therapy
- Rehabilitation


Health Belief Model

- Focuses on what people perceive or believe to be true about themselves in relation to their health.

1) Perceived susceptibility to a disease
2) Perceived seriousness of a disease
3) Perceived benefits of action


Health Promotion Model

- Developed to illustrate how people interact with their environment as they pursue health


Health-Illness Continuum Model

- Views health as a constantly changing state, with high-level wellness and death at opposite ends of a graduated scale, or continuum

- Illustrates the ever-changing state of health as a person adapts to changes in internal and external environments to maintain a state of well-being.


Agent-Host-Environment Model

- Views the interaction between an external agent, a susceptible host, and the environment as causes of disease in a person (Zika virus)


Stages of Change Model

- Model is widely used today by counselors addressing a broad range of behaviors including injury prevention, overcoming drug and alcohol addictions, and weight loss


Five stages of change

1) Precontemplation
2) Contemplation
3) Determination: Commitment to Action
4) Action: Implementing the plan
5) Maintenance, Relapse and Recycling