Fundamentals of Nursing: Hygiene Flashcards


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1

Personal hygiene is:

- Measures for maintaining a minimal level of personal cleanliness and grooming that promote physical and psychological well-being

2

Hygiene practices include:

- Bathing
- Care of skin, hair, nails, eyes, ear, nose, mouth, feet, and perineal area

3

Strong link between ______ _______ and alterations in a person's health.

good hygiene

4

Adequate skin hygiene contributes to:

- Maintaining skin condition and integrity, which is a first line of defense for the body

- Prevents entry of pathogens

- Minimizes absorption of harmful substances

- Prevents excessive water loss

5

How does illness affect the hair?

- When endocrine abnormalities are present

- When body temperature increases

- When there is lack of nutrition

- When anxiety and worry are present

6

The nails are an accessory structure of the skin composed of ______________ _______________.

Epithelial tissue

7

Characteristics of healthy nails:

- Nail beds are pink, convex, and evenly curved

8

Pathologic conditions or illness can cause nails to become ________, ___________, or ________.

weak, rigid, concave

9

Functions of the skin

- Protection
- Sensation
- Thermoregulation
- Secretion
- Vitamin D formation

10

Factors to consider when examining the skin include:

- Cleanliness
- Color
- Temperature
- Turgor
- Moisture
- Sensation
- Vascularity
- Evidence of lesions

11

Factors affecting personal hygiene include:

- Culture
- Socioeconomic class (lack of funds to buy toiletries or clean clothing)
- Spiritual Practices
- Developmental level
- General state of health (Disease, surgery, or injury may impair hygiene measures)
- Personal Preferences (Shower vs tub, bar soap vs liquid soap)

12

Patient care times include:

- Early morning care (after pt wakes up, toileting)

- Morning care (after breakfast, toileting, oral care)

- Afternoon care (toileting, prepare for nap)

- Hours of sleep (HS) care (Toileting, oral care)

- PRN care (toileting)

- Hourly care

13

Bathing: Types of Baths

- Shower/Tub bath

- Bed bath

- Disposable bath

14

Chlorhexidine Gluconate 4%(CHG) is:

- An antiseptic, antimicrobial skin cleanser

- Shown to reduce colonization of pathogens on skin

- Used to reduce healthcare associated infections (HAIs) such as central line bloodstream infections and surgical site infections

15

Oral care facilitates:

- Removal of food particles and secretions

- Improved appetite

- Reduces the incidence of healthcare acquired pneumonia

- Provides an opportunity for assessment of the client's oral status

- Provides a time for denture care

- Promotes patient's sense of well-being

16

Denture Care Instructions

- Clean at least twice a day, preferably after each meal

- Remove dentures from mouth

- Do not use hot water it could damage dentures

- Store in a denture cup with water to prevent drying

- Don't wrap in paper, it may be thrown away accidentally

- Put a towel in sink when cleaning them in case they are dropped

17

Caries (cavities)

cavities of the teeth, is a breakdown of teeth due to activities of bacteria

18

Cheilosis

a disorder of the lips characterized by crack-like sores at the corners of the mouth

19

gingivitis

red, swollen gum margins that bleed easily

20

glossitis

inflammation of the tongue

21

pediculosis

infestation with lice

22

Periodontitis

marked inflammation of gums that also involves degeneration of the dental periosteum (tissues) and bone

23

plaque

invisible, destructive, bacterial film that builds up on teeth and eventually leads to the destruction of tooth enamel

24

stomatitis

inflammation of the oral mucosa

25

tartar

hard deposit on the teeth near the gum line formed by plaque buildup and dead bacteria