Gould's Pathophysiology for the Health Professions: Chapter 10 Flashcards


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Blood Disorders
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1

General manifestations for Anemia

Fatigue

Pallor

Tachycardia

Dyspnea (shortness of breath)

2

RBC

Red Blood Cells carry oxygen through the blood.

3

Decrease in RBC results in

Anemia

4

If you are anemic you are at risk for

Hypoxia

5

WBC

White blood cells fight off infections also known as Leukocytes

6

Platelets

Thrombocytes known to promote clotting

7

decrease in platelets results in

Thrombocytopenia

8

This anemia is caused by liver failure.

Iron Deficiency

9

The manifestations of this anemia is recurrent infections.

aplastic anemia

10

The lack of intrinsic factor leads to this disorder

pernicious anemia

11

A manifestation of this anemia is jaundice.

Sickle Cell Anemia

12

This x-linked genetic disorder leads to spontaneous bleeding.

Hemophilia A

13

These cellular components of the blood are necessary for blood clotting

Thrombocytes

14

The patho of this disorder is a reduction of the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood

anemia

15

This is a general manifestation of anemia

tachycardia

16

This cellular component of the blood is responsible to deliver oxygen to tissues

erythrocytes

17

This genetic disorder results in decreased oxygen carrying capacity to the tissues.

sickle cell anemia

18

Manifestations of this disorder involves tachycardia, pallor, fatigue, and pain crisis

Sickle cell anemia

19

This blood clotting disorder results from continuous release of tissue factor after a cell is injured.

Disseminated intravascular coagulation

20

This malignant blood disorder is characterized by having more mature WBC

Chronic Leukemia

21

Manifestations of this disorder includes brittle hair and nails

Iron Deficiency Anemia

22

The manifestations of this disorder includes paresthesia and ataxia

Pernicious Anemia

23

A client comes to the ER with severe hemorrhaging and needs a blood transfusion. The client has Type AB blood. What does the nurse know about this client?

Universal Recipient

24

The nurse is teaching about the manifestations of aplastic anemia. Which manifestation stated by the nurse requires further teaching?

Pain

25

Erythropoietin stimulates the production of which blood comoponent?

Erythrocytes

26

What blood type is the universal donor?

O

27

A nurse is teaching a student about the general manifestations of anemia. Which manifestation, if stated by the student, indicates a need for further instruction?

Ataxia

28

A nurse is teaching a client about the causes of iron deficiency anemia. Which causes, if stated by the client, indicate understanding of the teaching? (Select all that apply)

Vegetarian diet Chronic blood loss Malabsorption syndromes Cirrhosis of the liver

29

Which of the following are triggers that precipitate a pain crisis in sickle cell anemia?

Warm temperatures Hypoxia Smoking Dehydration Infection

30

What causes the pain in a sickle cell pain crisis?

Vascular occlusions

31

A nurse is teaching a client about the missing clotting factor in Hemophilia A. Which clotting factor, if stated by the client, indicates understanding of the teaching?

VIII

32

A nurse is teaching a student about manifestations of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). Which manifestations, if stated by the student, indicate teaching was effective? (Select all that apply)

Purpura, Bleeding gums, Bleeding from IV sites, Petechiae, Mental status changes

33

Continuous release of tissue factor, causing continuous activation of the clotting cascade, leading to excessive clotting and bleeding.

Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

34

Malignant disorder of the white blood cells

Leukemia

35

Uncontrolled reproduction of malignant leukocytes, resulting in hundreds of thousands of blast cells.

Acute Leukemia

36

Uncontrolled reproduction of malignant leukocytes, occurs slowly, still has functioning mature white blood cells.

Chronic Leukemia

37

Thrombocytopenia is at risk for

bleeding

38

Blood Type A antibody

B antibody

39

Blood type B antibody

A antibody

40

Blood Type AB antibody

No antibody

41

Blood type O antibody

AB antibody

42

Hemostasis process

Vascular Spasm

Platelet plug formation (platelets aggregate)

Blood Clotting (Coagulation)

43

Hypocoaguable

Bleeding

44

Hypercoaguable

Clotting

45

If the wrong blood is given to someone it generates

Cytotoxic response

46

Reduction in oxygen transport in the blood Decreased Hemoglobin

Anemia

47

Fatigue

Pallor

Dyspnea

Tachycardia

Manifestations of Anemia

48

Diet insufficent intake

Chronic Blood loss

Liver Disease

Iron deficiency anemia

49

Malabsorption

Surgical Resection

Pernicious Anemia

50

Ideopathic

Myelotoxins

Aplastic Anemia

51

Fatigue

Brittle Hair

Spoon Shaped concaved ridged nails

Stomatitis

Glossitis

Manifestations of Iron Deficiency

52

Infection

Anemia

Bleeding

d/t Pancytopenia

Aplastic Anemia Manifestations

53

Fatigue pallor dyspnea

tachycardia

ataxia

glossitis

Pernicious Anemia manifestations

54

Ecchymosis

Bruising

55

Purpura

Larger red spots

56

Petechiae

small red spots

57

hemarthroses

bleeding in the joints

58

Hemopytsis

coughing up blood

59

hematemesis

Throwing up blood

60

Hematuria

blood in the urine

61

Epistaxis

nosebleed

62

Where are clotting factors made

Liver

63

Hemophilia

Inherited

Mom transfers (X-Linked) found mostly in males

Missing factor VIII

64

Bad guy in DIC

tissue factor

65

Tissue Factor

Released from injured cells and activates the pathway to eat the clotting factors

66

Acute Leukemia

affects the younger patients

67

Chronic Leukemia

Affects the older population