General manifestations for Anemia
Dyspnea (shortness of breath)
Red Blood Cells carry oxygen through the blood.
Decrease in RBC results in
If you are anemic you are at risk for
White blood cells fight off infections also known as Leukocytes
Thrombocytes known to promote clotting
decrease in platelets results in
This anemia is caused by liver failure.
The manifestations of this anemia is recurrent infections.
The lack of intrinsic factor leads to this disorder
A manifestation of this anemia is jaundice.
Sickle Cell Anemia
This x-linked genetic disorder leads to spontaneous bleeding.
These cellular components of the blood are necessary for blood clotting
The patho of this disorder is a reduction of the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood
This is a general manifestation of anemia
This cellular component of the blood is responsible to deliver oxygen to tissues
This genetic disorder results in decreased oxygen carrying capacity to the tissues.
sickle cell anemia
Manifestations of this disorder involves tachycardia, pallor, fatigue, and pain crisis
Sickle cell anemia
This blood clotting disorder results from continuous release of tissue factor after a cell is injured.
Disseminated intravascular coagulation
This malignant blood disorder is characterized by having more mature WBC
Manifestations of this disorder includes brittle hair and nails
Iron Deficiency Anemia
The manifestations of this disorder includes paresthesia and ataxia
A client comes to the ER with severe hemorrhaging and needs a blood transfusion. The client has Type AB blood. What does the nurse know about this client?
The nurse is teaching about the manifestations of aplastic anemia. Which manifestation stated by the nurse requires further teaching?
Erythropoietin stimulates the production of which blood comoponent?
What blood type is the universal donor?
A nurse is teaching a student about the general manifestations of anemia. Which manifestation, if stated by the student, indicates a need for further instruction?
A nurse is teaching a client about the causes of iron deficiency anemia. Which causes, if stated by the client, indicate understanding of the teaching? (Select all that apply)
Vegetarian diet Chronic blood loss Malabsorption syndromes Cirrhosis of the liver
Which of the following are triggers that precipitate a pain crisis in sickle cell anemia?
Warm temperatures Hypoxia Smoking Dehydration Infection
What causes the pain in a sickle cell pain crisis?
A nurse is teaching a client about the missing clotting factor in Hemophilia A. Which clotting factor, if stated by the client, indicates understanding of the teaching?
A nurse is teaching a student about manifestations of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). Which manifestations, if stated by the student, indicate teaching was effective? (Select all that apply)
Purpura, Bleeding gums, Bleeding from IV sites, Petechiae, Mental status changes
Continuous release of tissue factor, causing continuous activation of the clotting cascade, leading to excessive clotting and bleeding.
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
Malignant disorder of the white blood cells
Uncontrolled reproduction of malignant leukocytes, resulting in hundreds of thousands of blast cells.
Uncontrolled reproduction of malignant leukocytes, occurs slowly, still has functioning mature white blood cells.
Thrombocytopenia is at risk for
Blood Type A antibody
Blood type B antibody
Blood Type AB antibody
Blood type O antibody
Platelet plug formation (platelets aggregate)
Blood Clotting (Coagulation)
If the wrong blood is given to someone it generates
Reduction in oxygen transport in the blood Decreased Hemoglobin
Manifestations of Anemia
Diet insufficent intake
Chronic Blood loss
Iron deficiency anemia
Spoon Shaped concaved ridged nails
Manifestations of Iron Deficiency
Aplastic Anemia Manifestations
Fatigue pallor dyspnea
Pernicious Anemia manifestations
Larger red spots
small red spots
bleeding in the joints
coughing up blood
Throwing up blood
blood in the urine
Where are clotting factors made
Mom transfers (X-Linked) found mostly in males
Missing factor VIII
Bad guy in DIC
Released from injured cells and activates the pathway to eat the clotting factors
affects the younger patients
Affects the older population