Pathophysiology

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 2 months ago by dano297
2 views
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Biology

study of living organism

2

Pathophysiology

study of organism in the presence of disease

3

Atrophy

decrease in cell size

4

Hypertrophy

increase in cell size

5

Hyperplasia

increase in cell number

6

Dysplasia

alteration in cell size, shape, and organization

7

Metaplasia

cell type is replaced by another

8

Sodium normal level

136-144 mEq/l

9

Hypertonic fluid

solution that contains more dissolved particles (such as salt and other electrolytes) than is found in normal cells and blood, causes a cell to shrink

10

Hypotonic fluid

solution that contains more dissolved particles (such as salt and other electrolytes) than is found in normal cells and blood, causes a cell to swell

11

Potassium normal level

3.5-5.0 mEq/l

12

Hypokalemia

decrease in potassium

13

Hyperkalemia

increase in potassium

14

Calcium normal level

8.2-10.2 mg/dl

15

Hypocalcemia

decrease in sodium level

16

Hypercalcemia

increase is sodium level

17

Magnesium normal level

1.3-2.1 mEq/L

18

Acidosis

increase in extracellular H+ ions (hydrogen)

19

Alkalosis

decrease in extracellular H+ ions (hydrogen)

20

Respiratory Acidosis

a condition that occurs when the lungs cannot remove all of the carbon dioxide the body produces.

21

Respiratory Alkalosis

a condition marked by a low level of carbon dioxide in the blood due to breathing excessively.

22

Metabolic Acidosis

a condition in which there is too much acid in the body fluids. reduction in bicarbonate (HCO3)

23

Metabolic Alkalosis

bicarbonate (HCO3) accumulation due to acid loss,

24

Metabolic acidosis causes

lactic acidosis, ketoacidosis, aspirin overdose, alcohol ingestion, GI losses

25

Metabolic Alkalosis causes

upper gi losses of acid, large amounts of water during exercise, excessive intake of alkaline substances

26

Perfusion

delivery of oxygen and nutrients and removal of wastes

27

Hypoperfusion

prefusion drops below normal levels

28

MODS

multiple organs dysfunction syndrome

29

Primary MODS

direct result of an insult

30

Secondary MODS

progressive organ dysfunction

31

Hemolytic anemia

destruction of red blood cells

32

Hemophilia

excessive bleeding

33

Hemochromatosis

body absorbs more iron than needed

34

Ulcerative colitis

chronic inflammation of large intestine and rectum

35

Chrons disease

inflammation of the colon and small intestine