Musculoskeletal & Neuro HA II powerpoint questions

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1

What is a ganglion cyst?

Nontender fluid filled nodule that only requires intervention if it compresses a nerve

2

How would you assess for carpal tunnel or tendonitis?

Phalens test, Tinels test, Bilateral grips, Work history

3

What are normal findings of plantar reflex?

Toes or fingers wrap or grip object

4

What are normal findings of Babinski reflex under 24 months?

Toes flare

5

What are normal findings of babinski reflex over 24 months?

Toes curl

6

What is a normal finding of rooting reflex?

Turns head towards the stroke

7

What is normal finding of tonic neck reflex?

Fencing position arm and leg extended in the direction facing

8

What is normal findings of moro reflex?

Flaring of fingers, quick abduction and extension of arms

9

What would we see with asterixis of nervous system?

The tremor of the hand when dorsiflexed

10

What would we see with clonus of nervous system?

Bouncing of foot when dorsiflexed

11

What is a major concern of recovery from compound fracture?

Osteomyelitis

12

What is myasthenia gravis?

Chronic disorder that causes weakness in muscles due to decreased acetylcholine production

13

What would we see with gout?

Red swollen joint that is extremely painful

14

What is decorticate positioning?

All muscles pulled toward core of the body in fetal position

15

What is festinating gait?

Short stiff steps with a hunched posture, often associated with Parkinson’s disease.

16

What is ataxic gait?

Unsteady gait with wide spaced steps and hip sway often associated with inebriation & muscular dystrophy.

17

What is scissor gait?

Knees cross with steps with the thighs often remaining in constant contact looking as if holding an object between the thighs

18

What is appropriate gait?

Equal steps, arm swings forward while opposite leg is stepping forward. The hips remain level with each step.