Musculoskeletal HA II Exam 2

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1

What are some unidirectional joints?

Elbow, knee, fingers

2

What are some multidirectional joints?

Shoulder, hips, wrist, ankle

3

What are cartilaginous joints?

Spine, sutures in skull

4

Who gets lordosis?

Pregnant women and big boobs due to inward curvature of spine

5

What are hammertoes?

Curled toes

6

What is a bunion?

Lateral deviation on the big toe

7

What is gout?

Build up of uric acid crystals

8

What is hallux valgus?

Big toe going over or under another toe

9

What does a positive bulge or ballottment test mean?

Excess fluid in an area

10

What is Rheumatoid arthritis?

Autoimmune- chronic inflammatory disease

11

What kind of joints does RA affect?

Bilateral synovial joints

12

What would we see with RA?

Better with activity, boutonniere deformity, exacerbation & remission, NO spine involvement, BILATERALLY

13

What is osteoarthritis?

Wear and tear disorder, loss of cartilage

14

Who would we see with OA?

Athletes and obese

15

What joints does OA affect?

Load bearing joint, unilateral

16

What is osteoporosis?

Decrease in bone density, decrease osteoblast acitivty

17

Who would we see with osteoporosis?

Older white or asian women

18

What are some s/s with osteoporosis?

Not painful until a broken bone

19

What is a compound fracture?

Bone breaks through skin

20

What can you develop from compound fractures?

Osteomyelitis, hemorrhaging

21

What is a green stick fracture

Bone splits (children

22

What is Sublux?

Dislocation

23

What is ORIF?

Need surgery to fix it (screws, rods, plates)

24

What is a commnuated fracture?

Multiple areas of breaks w smaller bone fragments

25

What is a compression fracture?

Bone collapse on itself

26

What kind of fracture indicates abuse?

Spiral fracture

27

What are the 5 stages of bone healing?

Bruise, Granulation tissue, Pro callus, Bony callus, Remodels itself

28

What do tendons connect?

Muscle to bone

29

What do ligaments connect?

Bone to bone

30

What is a sprain?

Tear in a ligament

31

What is a strain?

Tear in a tendon

32

What does a positive Phalen and Tinel assessment tell us?

Carpal tunnel, tendonitis

33

What is Kyphosis?

Curve of thoracic spine (Shoulders hunching over)

34

What is scoliosis?

Lateral curve of spine (Spine moves to left or right of midline)