Neuro HA II Exam 2

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1

What is a seizure?

Abnormal firing of neurons

2

What are some complications of a seizure?

Depression, death, decreased cognitive ability, increase o2 consumption, aspiration, TBI

3

What is the nurses responsibility with seizures in public?

Protect the head, roll to side, time it, environmental safety

4

What is the nurses responsibility with seizures in clinic?

Provide o2, pad everything, suction at bedside, meds

5

What are some assessment findings with CVA (stroke)?

Increase BP, LOC, weak grip, slurred speech, word salad

6

What are some risk factors that cause a CVA (stroke)?

A-fib, diabetes, increase LDL, RBC, platelets, HTN, Drugs, atherosclerosis,

7

What are some signs and symptoms of a CVA (stroke)?

Headache, ptosis, word salad, confusion, N/V

8

How would you diagnose a stroke?

CT scan without contrast

9

What are some concerns of a CVA (stroke)?

Brain damage, immobile, death

10

What are some risk factors that cause parkinsons?

Family HX, head trauma, exposure to toxins

11

What are some s/s of parkinsons?

Mask like expression, monotone, pill rolling, slow shuffling gait, difficulty moving, loss of voluntary motor control

12

What is ALS?

Progressive degeneration of cerebral cortex and motor neurons

13

What kind of disease is huntingtons?

Autosomal dominant (No carriers)

14

When do people find out they have huntingtons?

Middle age 30-50

15

What are some causes of huntingtons?

Depression & mental decline, decreased life expectancy

16

What is MS?

Loss of myelin sheath

17

What are some complications of MS?

Periods of exacerbation & remission, temporary paresthesia, blurred vision, difficulty urination

18

What is Myasthenia Gravis?

Autoimmune, decreased acetylcholine receptors (no muscle contraction)

19

When does Myasthenia Gravis occur?

Teen years (slow onset)

20

What are some complications of Myasthenia Gravis?

Double vision, difficulty swallowing, monotone voice

21

What does the thalamus control?

Emotion & creativity

22

What does the hypothalamus control?

Hormonal control, temp, respiratory

23

What does the cerebellum control?

Motor coordination

24

The autonomic nervous system is involuntary or voluntary?

Involuntary

25

The somatic nervous system is involuntary or voluntary?

Voluntary

26

The autonomic nervous system has what two nervous systems?

Parasympathetic and sympathetic

27

What is the parasympathetic nervous system?

Rest & Digest

28

What is the sympathetic nervous system?

Fight or flight

29

What is a thrombotic stroke?

Clot forming in the brain from atherosclerosis

30

What is an embolic stroke?

Clot forming outside the brain that travels from cardiac disease