Neuro HA II Exam 2
What is a seizure?
Abnormal firing of neurons
What are some complications of a seizure?
Depression, death, decreased cognitive ability, increase o2 consumption, aspiration, TBI
What is the nurses responsibility with seizures in public?
Protect the head, roll to side, time it, environmental safety
What is the nurses responsibility with seizures in clinic?
Provide o2, pad everything, suction at bedside, meds
What are some assessment findings with CVA (stroke)?
Increase BP, LOC, weak grip, slurred speech, word salad
What are some risk factors that cause a CVA (stroke)?
A-fib, diabetes, increase LDL, RBC, platelets, HTN, Drugs, atherosclerosis,
What are some signs and symptoms of a CVA (stroke)?
Headache, ptosis, word salad, confusion, N/V
How would you diagnose a stroke?
CT scan without contrast
What are some concerns of a CVA (stroke)?
Brain damage, immobile, death
What are some risk factors that cause parkinsons?
Family HX, head trauma, exposure to toxins
What are some s/s of parkinsons?
Mask like expression, monotone, pill rolling, slow shuffling gait, difficulty moving, loss of voluntary motor control
What is ALS?
Progressive degeneration of cerebral cortex and motor neurons
What kind of disease is huntingtons?
Autosomal dominant (No carriers)
When do people find out they have huntingtons?
Middle age 30-50
What are some causes of huntingtons?
Depression & mental decline, decreased life expectancy
What is MS?
Loss of myelin sheath
What are some complications of MS?
Periods of exacerbation & remission, temporary paresthesia, blurred vision, difficulty urination
What is Myasthenia Gravis?
Autoimmune, decreased acetylcholine receptors (no muscle contraction)
When does Myasthenia Gravis occur?
Teen years (slow onset)
What are some complications of Myasthenia Gravis?
Double vision, difficulty swallowing, monotone voice
What does the thalamus control?
Emotion & creativity
What does the hypothalamus control?
Hormonal control, temp, respiratory
What does the cerebellum control?
The autonomic nervous system is involuntary or voluntary?
The somatic nervous system is involuntary or voluntary?
The autonomic nervous system has what two nervous systems?
Parasympathetic and sympathetic
What is the parasympathetic nervous system?
Rest & Digest
What is the sympathetic nervous system?
Fight or flight
What is a thrombotic stroke?
Clot forming in the brain from atherosclerosis
What is an embolic stroke?
Clot forming outside the brain that travels from cardiac disease