US Laws and Regulations (15 or More and 20 or More Employees)

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employers may not discriminate against a physically or mentally disabled individual in recruitment, hiring, promotions, training, pay, social activities, and other privileges of employment. Qualified individuals with a disability are to be treated as other job applicants and employees are treated. If a job accommodation is required for a qualified individual to perform the assigned job, employers are required to provide that accommodation or recommend an alternative that would be equally effective.

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (1990)


Title VII of the act speaks to employment discrimination and cites five protected classes of people: sex, race, color, religion, and national origin

The Civil Rights Act (Title VII) (1964)


This legislation requires some employers to maintain a drug-free workplace. Employee compliance must be assured by subject employers.

The Drug-Free Workplace Act (1988)


prohibits employers from using genetic information to make employment decisions.

The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) (2008)


Under the new law, the 180-day statute of limitations for filing an equal-pay lawsuit regarding pay discrimination resets with each new paycheck affected by that discriminatory action.

The Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act (2009)


It defined pregnancy as protected within the definition of “sex” for the purpose of coverage under the Civil Rights Act. It also specifically said that no employer shall illegally discriminate against an employee because of pregnancy.

The Pregnancy Discrimination Act (1978)


the law bans employment discrimination based on age if the employee is 40 or older.

The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) (1967)


This law requires employers with group health insurance programs to offer terminating employees the opportunity to continue their health plan coverage after they are no longer on the payroll or no longer qualify for benefits coverage because of a change in employment status, i.e., reduction in hours.

The Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA) (1986)