ECN501 - Chapters 1 through 3

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1
  • Pharmacological

Pharmacological refers to the what the drug is doing to the client, essentially the effects. In SUD, the abuse liability of a drug is based upon what kind of consequences come from long term use. It is a measure that is used to determine the potential of abuse, how it compares to another type of drug, indicators of reinforcing effects, physical abuse and tolerance (Princeton University, n.d.).

2
  1. Define the following types of biological effects in the context of substance use disorder treatment.
  • Neurological

Symptoms in the brain happening because of prolonged drug abuse has changed the pathways that affect the reward, pleasures, stress, decision making and impulse control. Some examples that can have neurological effects include, cocaine, heroin, ketamine, LSD, marijuana, opioids, and many more (National Institute of Drug Abuse - Advancing Addiction Science [NIDA], 2020).

3
  • Define the following types of biological effects in the context of substance use disorder treatment.
  • Physiological

Physiological in SUD refers to when the drug used cause a physical change in the

body. This tends to present in two ways, when the body actually has such a need

for the substance that a withdrawal occurs if it is not taken, the increased

tolerance when taking the substance for a long period of time

(Princeton University, n.d.).

4
  • Define the following types of biological effects in the context of substance use disorder treatment.
  • Psychological

Psychological addiction in SUD refers to when a craving for the drug is created within the mind after using regularly but no physical symptoms have appeared yet. It includes symptoms in the mind rather than physical symptoms. Examples of psychological symptoms include depression, insomnia, and paranoia