Chapter 41 Diabetes Mellitus

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Pathophysiology
Chapter 41
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1

What includes carbohydrate counting, daily exercise and insulin as therapies?

Type 1 DM

2

What are the microvascular complications of DM?

retinopathy and nephropathy

3

What is diabetic neuropathy caused by?

a decrease in myoinositol transport

4

What is due to insulin resistance and b-cell dysfunction?

Type 2 DM

5

What is obesity a major predictor in?

Type 2 DM

6

What has the clinical finding of polyuria, polydipsia and polyphagia?

Type 1 DM

7

What is Type 1 DM caused by?

pancreatic b-cell destruction

8

What will hypoglycemia present with?

tremors

9

What is Type 2 DM associated with?

nonketotic hyperosmolality

10

What is most important in evaluating DM long term?

glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels

11

What are the therapies for Type 1 DM?

carbohydrate counting, daily exercise, and insulin

12

What are retinopathy and neuropathy associated with?

microvascular complications of DM

13

What is due to a decrease in myoinositol transport?

diabetic neuropathy

14

What is Type 2 DM caused by?

insulin resistance and b-cell dysfunction

15

What is the major predictor of Type 2 DM?

obesity

16

What are the clinical findings of Type 1 DM?

polyuria, polydipsia, and polyphagia

17

What is a result of pancreatic b-cell destruction?

Type 1 DM

18

What will present with tremors?

hypoglycemia

19

What is associated with nonketotic hyperosmolality?

Type 2 DM

20

What is the importance of glcosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels?

to evaluate DM long term