Chapter 36 Gastrointestinal Disorders

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Pathophysiology
Chapter 36
Pathophysiology 370
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1

What does gastroesophageal varices present with?

history of alcoholism with hematemesis and profound anemia

2

What is associated with portal hypertension?

esophageal varices

3

What is seen after gastric bypass surgery?

dumping syndrome

4

What is caused by chemotherapy?

stomatitis

5

What causes chronic gastritis?

H. pylori

6

What has a high mortality rate?

rupture of esophageal varices

7

What occurs in premature infants?

necrotizing enterocolitis

8

What is associated with bloody diarrhea?

ulcerative colitis

9

What shows a warning sign of change in bowel habits?

colon cancer

10

What has a reaction to gluten containing foods?

celiac sprue which is a maladaptive disorder

11

What is a preneoplastic condition?

Barrett esophagus

12

What presents with heartburn?

hiatal hernia

13

What can present with epigastric pain relieved by food?

gastric ulcer

14

What does appendicitis present with?

acute right lower quadrant pain associated with rebound tenderness and systemic signs of inflammation

15

What presents with a history of alcoholism with hematemesis and profound anemia?

gastroesophageal varices

16

What is esophageal varices associated with?

portal hypertension

17

When is dumping syndrome seen?

after gastric bypass surgery

18

What may stomatitis be caused by?

chemotherapy

19

What does H. pylori cause?

chronic gastritis

20

What does the rupture of esophageal have?

a high mortality rate

21

Who does necrotizing enterocolitis occur in?

premature infants

22

What is ulcerative colitis associated with?

bloody diarrhea

23

What does colon cancer have?

a warning sign of change in bowel habits

24

What does the maladaptive behavior of celiac sprue occur from?

a reaction to gluten containing foods

25

What is Barrett esophagus?

a neoplastic condition

26

What does a hiatal hernia present with?

heartburn

27

What does a gastric ulcer present with?

epigastric pain relieved by food

28

What presents with acute right lower quadrant pain associated with rebound tenderness and systemic signs of inflammation?

appendicitis