the process of synthesizing RNA from DNA template
information encoded by an mRNA transcript is used to synthesize a protein/polypeptide
polypeptide vs protein
polypeptide = chain of amino acids
protein = functional molecule made up of one or more polypeptides
DNA sequences that RNA polymerase can bind to and initiate transcription
orient the direction of RNA polymerase
dictate which strand will be used as a template
"upstream" of the genes they control
opposite of promoter - stops the transcription
DNA strand that serves as the template for transcription
complement to the minus strand
same as the RNA nucleotide sequence except contains uracil
How does a promoter dictate which DNA strand is used as the template?
they identify the regions of DNA molecules that will be transcribed through RNA polymerase
What is the role of tRNA in translation?
Could two mRNA molecules have different nucleotide sequences and yet code for the same protein? Explain.
transcript that carries ONE gene
a transcript that carries multiple genes
loosely attached subunit part of RNA polymerase that recognizes the promoter
proteins in eukaryotic and archaea cells to recognize promoters in RNA polymerase
RNA polymerase moves along DNA to synthesize a single strand RNA molecule