PT110 - 1-10 Flashcards

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1 - How can you sign in to your Avid Master Account when starting work in Pro Tools? What is required to sign in to your account?

Push the sign in button at top right corner

Avid account username and password


1- Why is it important to select the audio interface you want to use prior to creating or opening a session? What dialog box can you use for this purpose?

So the I/O settings match

Playback engine


1 - What is the H/W Buffer Size setting in the Playback Engine dialog box used for? What kinds of tracks are affected by this setting?

Determines the number of samples from audio interface to the CPU

ones with Low latency to include record enabled tracks and/or receiving live input


4-Where are the MIDI input and output controls located for MIDI tracks in the Mix window? Where are they located for Instrument tracks?

In the I/O section

In the instruments view at the top of the track


1 - How can you specify the I/O settings that Pro Tools will use when creating a new session from the Dashboard?

I/O settings pop up menu


1 - Where are changes to Pro Tools I/O settings saved? Are they stored in the session or on the system?

Last Used

Everything but the bus are system settings

bus are session settings


1 - What dialog box can you use to rename signal paths?

I/O set up dialog box


1- How can you configure an audition path in Pro Tools?


Output tab

Audition Path


1 - What are some ways to open a recently used project or session on a system?

File> Open Recent

File > create new - and open in dashboard under recent

File>Open projects - and open in dashboard under recent


1 - What shortcut operation can you use to add an individual Audio track to your session?



1 - What options are available for changing the display of the Mix and Edit windows? What are some of the optional views available in each window?

View selectors and track width

Inserts, sends, I/O, comments, Instruments, HEAT, Track color


1 - How can you easily show or hide tracks in Pro Tools? What is the difference between hiding a track and deleting a track?

Click on the circle in the tracks list.

Hiding it still plays the material on the track, deleting will not have the material playing


1 - What are some options available in the Track List pop-up menu?

Show all , show only....

hide all, hide only...

restore all tracks


2-What are some of the features enabled by Pro Tools | Ultimate software?

Full surround sound

More automation

Video Editing features


2-What is required to import and arrange multiple video clips on a Video track?

You need Pro Tools Ultimate


2-Name some areas of focus available for Workspace browsers in Pro Tools.

Sound Libraries



track presets




2-What are some of the functions that you can perform using a Workspace browser?

access, view, search your drive

Designate the function of each drive

View, audition, manage, import from drive

Locate and open a session


2-How can you audition files from a browser? How can you audition them in context with your session?

click on file and press spacebar

click on file and push the preview button( arrow)

play botton to left of waveform

click anywhere on the waveform

- enable audio conforms to session tempo button(metronome) push 0 on numeric keyborad and then start the clip by one of the methods above


2-What is Soundbase? What are tags in Soundbase?

A browser window that allows you to search using tags

A way to search for audio files using keywords


2-What are some available destinations when importing audio from a Workspace browser or Soundbase?

timeline, track, track list, clips list


2-What are some of the different types of media you can import into Pro Tools (in addition to audio files)?

audio, midi, video


2-What command allows you to import entire tracks from another Pro Tools session into your current session?



2-What types of clips can be grouped together as a clip group? Can clips of different types be combined into a single clip group?

audio, MIDI, video



2-How many clips are required for a clip group? Can clip groups contain silence?

no minimum(1)



2-What kind of icon is used to indicate a clip group? Where is the icon located?

card image

bottom left corner of the clip


2-What do the Ungroup and Ungroup All commands do? How would you go about reassembling a clip group after using one of these command?

Ungroup - undo's one level of the group

Ungroup all - undoes all levels of grouping

select Clip> regroup or Ctrl+alt+R


3 -What menu would you use to display Conductor rulers, such as Meter and Tempo? How can you display rulers without using a main menu?


Ruler View selector


3 - What are the default tempo and meter for all Pro Tools sessions?




3 - What modifier key would you hold while clicking on a ruler to add a Meter or Tempo change to your session?

Start key


3 - What main menu provides access to the Tempo Operations window? What is the purpose of the Linear page in the Tempo Operations window?

Event Menu

To create tempos that change evenly over a set amount of time


3 - How can you configure Pro Tools to use a virtual instrument as the sound source for the metronome click? How can you control what notes are played for the accented and unaccented beats?

Setup> Click/Count Off or dbl click met button

In the click/Countoff options dialog box


3 - Describe at least three different ways to make a selection for recording.

Click on clip

Make a selection during playback

Use the in and out arrows

By memory locations


3 - Describe three ways to set the pre- and post-roll values. What modifier do you use to set pre- and post-roll by clicking in a track playlist?

In transport window - Type it in

Alt click in track playlist

In timebase ruler by dragging flags

You can enable and disable from options menu


3 - What keyboard shortcut can you use to toggle Pre/Post Roll on and off?

ctrl + K


3 - What are alternate playlists in Pro Tools? How can playlists be useful when recording multiple takes?

alternate takes

They are good so that you can go back and choose the best later


3 - When might you use the Pro Tools Preferences setting called Send Fully Overlapped Clips to Available Playlist While Recording? How can you ensure that the original audio gets moved to a playlist when rerecording just a section of the original using this setting?

When you want to keep every take

Edit>separate clip


3 - What are some differences in the way audio and MIDI clips are created when loop recording? How would you go about enabling loop recording for audio or MIDI?

  • Audio: Single file contains all takes; individual takes separated as subset clips.
  • Audio: If pass is interrupted before midpoint, entire take is discarded
  • MIDI: New clips created for each take; if no input is received, no clip is created
  • MIDI: If pass is interrupted before midpoint, entire clip is retained

1.Select Options > Loop Record

2.Record-enable the track

3.Select Options > Link Timeline and Edit Selection

4.Make selection

5.Enable Pre-Roll if desired

6.Click Record and Play

7.Record desired takes; stop playback before mid-point to discard last partial take


3 - What Preferences setting do you need to use to enable automatic playlist creation when Loop Recording?

3.Enable checkbox for Automatically Create New Playlists When Loop Recording


3 - How can you cycle through alternate takes from playlists? How can you audition takes from playlists while cycling though them?

–Press Command+Shift+Up Arrow (Mac) or Ctrl+Shift+Up Arrow (Windows) to cycle in material from previous playlist

–Press Command+Shift+Down Arrow (Mac) or Ctrl+Shift+Down Arrow (Windows) to cycle in material from next playlist


3 - What is the purpose of MIDI Merge mode? How can you perform a MIDI Merge recording while looping?

To allow you to record on top of previous material. This is good for making drum beats

1.Disable Options > Loop Record

2.Enable Loop Playback

  • Choose Options > Loop Playback or
  • Press Command+Shift+L (Mac) or Ctrl+Shift+L (Windows) or
  • Press [4] on the Numeric Keypad

3.Enable MIDI Merge in the MIDI Controls

4.Record-enable a MIDI or Instrument track

5.Record-arm the Transport and press Play

6.Complete multiple passes, adding MIDI notes with each pass


4-What timebase do Audio Tracks default to? MIDI Tracks? Instrument Tracks?

Audio - Sample

MIDI/Instrument - Tick


4-Which Pro Tools timescales are absolute? Which are relative? What is the difference between absolute and relative timescales?

Absolute - Sample, Mins/Secs, Timecode, Feet/Frame

Relative - Bars/Beats

Absolute specific duration regardless of tempo; Relative durations change relative to tempo


4-How do audio clips respond to tempo changes on a sample-based track? How do they respond if you change the track to tick-based (without using Elastic Audio)?

They don't respond

The start of the clip becomes fixed and they will move to correspond with the sample based timeline.


4-Pro Tools provides 960 ticks per quarter note; how many ticks does it provide per half note? How many per eighth note?




4-Why might you want to render a MIDI performance to audio? What are some available options for rendering a virtual instrument’s output to an audio file?

To enable audio editing and processing or to conserve processing resources

Drag&Drop or Track Freeze


4-What are some of the different options available for viewing data on MIDI and Instrument tracks in the Edit window? What kinds of operations can you perform in each view?

Clips - Edit functions

Notes - Change note frequency and duration

Velocity - Change note loudness


4-Where are the MIDI input and output controls located for MIDI tracks in the Mix window? Where are they located for Instrument tracks?

In the instruments view at the top of the track

In the I/O section


4-What does the MIDI Thru option do? How is it enabled?

Allows data to travel through a track to its MIDI output.

In the options menu


4-What is the Default Thru Instrument setting used for? How can you change the Default Thru Instrument setting?

Forces all virtual instruments to operate in a low latency domain



4-What keyboard modifier would you use when clicking on a MIDI clip in the Clip List to audition it? What is required for this process to play sound?

ALT Click

The Default thry instument need to be set at FOLLOWS FIRST SELECTED MIDI TRACK


4-How is editing MIDI data different from editing audio? How are MIDI notes affected when deleting a selection or trimming a clip compared to how audio waveforms are affected?

When you delete/trim the start of MIDI note it will erase the whole note.

If you delete/trim the end of the clip the note may overhang if the entire note is not selected


4-What are some of the functions of the Pencil tool when editing MIDI notes?

select note, delete note, add note, trim note, move note - Basically turns into a smart tool


4-What setting normally determines the Default Note Duration when adding notes with the Pencil tool? How can this setting be changed?

The current grid value

In toolbar in edit window


4-How can you select a range of MIDI notes using the on-screen keyboard?

SHIFT + left or right arrows


4-What process can be used to transpose MIDI notes? What modifier can you use to transpose a selection up or down by an octave at a time?

select the note and push up or down arrows

SHIFT + arrows


4-How can you edit MIDI note velocities from the computer keyboard?

Push CTRL and arrows


4-Describe some different ways of deleting notes on a MIDI or Instrument track. What track views allow you to delete notes?


use pencil tool plus ALT

select note with grabber or pencil and push delete or double click

Notes view


5-How would you go about enabling Elastic Audio on a track? Pg. 124

in the elastic audio plug in selector in the edit window


5-Which real-time Elastic Audio plug-in typically works best for drums? Which typically works best for vocals? pg.124

Drums - Rhythmic

Vocals -Monophonic


5-Which Elastic Audio plug-in provides only Rendered processing? When/why would you want to use Rendered processing?


Less demanding on resources


5-What can the Elastic Audio analysis’ tempo detection determine about an audio file? What are some conditions that will cause no tempo to be detected? Pg 126

Attempts to determine a file’s native tempo and duration in Bars|Beats

Single transient, tracks with tempo changes, inconsistent beat


5-Where are Warp Indicators displayed? What are they used for?

Upper right corner of the clip, To indicate that elastic processing has been applied to the clip


5-What views are available for working with Elastic Audio-enabled tracks? What is each view used for?

Analysis - Edit event markers

Warp - Allows you to manipulate clips and timing


5-Name the three types of Elastic Audio markers. What are the differences between them?

Event - indicate detected audio events

Warp - Anchor audio to the timeline

tempo Event generated warp - indicates where elastic audio processing has been applied due to a tempo event


5-What are some ways to add Warp markers to a clip? List at least three.

Start click

double click on even marker

With pencil tool


5-What is a Telescoping Warp? How does it differ from an Accordion Warp? From a Range Warp?

Telescoping - Allows you to stretch/compress the entire waveform/clip

Accordion - applies processing to either side of the warp marker

Range - Applies processing between two fixed points


5-What is the effect of quantizing a selection on an Elastic Audio-enabled track? What happens to the Event markers within the selection?

The event markers close to the grid turn to warp markers and they will be matched to the grid


5-Why is it important to have accurate Event markers in your clips when applying Quantize operations on Elastic Audio-enabled tracks?

So that you don't have false transients which could alter the timing/quality of the clip


5-.After enabling a track for Elastic Audio, how would you enable the track to update dynamically to match any subsequent tempo changes you make in the session?

Make sure it is set to be tick based


5-What are some ways to improve the quality of audio that has been warped with Elastic Audio processing?

Edit event markers

use X-form


5-What is meant by Event Confidence? How can Event Confidence be used to eliminate false transients when applying TCE processing on Elastic Audio-enabled tracks?

Based on the clarity of the transient.

By adjusting the level then it won't pick up on false transients


5-What are two ways to apply Elastic Audio pitch transposition? What are some applications for using each option?

In the elastic properties window - good for using across clips

Transpose window - Good for using across tracks(especially MIDI)


6-What are the functions available with the Smart Tools? How can you access the Selector with Smart Tool active? How can you access the Grabber?

Selector - Upper Part of clip


Grabber - Lower part of the clip


6-How can you create fades with the Smart Tool? How can you specify the fade curves that the Smart Tool applies?

Click toward the top of clip boundary and drag

Go to preferences - edit tab and change the fade settings


6-What menu command would you choose to open a Fades dialog box? What is the associated keyboard shortcut?




6-What are some options for previewing crossfades in the Fades dialog box?

Fade curves only

Fade curves and separate waveforms

Fade curves with superimposed waveforms

Fade curves with summed waveforms


6-What are some options for saving and recalling fade shapes or configurations in the Fades dialog boxes?

Number preset or named preset


6-What operations can you use to edit existing fades on a track playlist?

Dialog box - slope and shape

Rt click for the menu

Smart tool - duration and position


6-What is the purpose of the Quantize function in Pro Tools? What are some different ways to apply quantization?

To align the timing of the clip

Input as you are playing the MIDI or after with the standard quantize command


6-What is the purpose of quantizing audio clips? How is this different from quantizing Elastic Audio?

It will sync the start of the clips great for single audio events.

Elastic will sync all the transients.


6-What feature lets you apply changes to a MIDI performance without permanently altering the underlying MIDI data on a track?

Real-time properties


6-What types of tracks and clips are affected by Real-Time Properties?



6-What are some of the differences between the Real-Time Properties view in the Edit window and the Real-Time Properties floating window? Which allows you to apply clip-based Real-Time Properties? Pg 166

Quantize, velocity and duration will have expanded options

Floating allows clips


7-Describe the process of creating a clip loop. What are some of the options available in the Clip Looping dialog box?

1.Select an audio clip, MIDI clip, or clip group

2.Choose Clip > Loop

  • Number of Loops, or
  • Loop Length, or
  • Loop Until End of the Session or Next Clip
  • Enable Crossfade and Settings


7-What are the two ways that the Trim tool can be used to edit a clip loop?

  • Standard Trim Tool
  • Loop Trim Tool


7-How would you go about creating a loop from several separate clips on a track that you want to have repeat as a unit?

Clip group them


7-What happens to clip loops when you choose the Clip > Ungroup All command?

Ungroups all clip groups and clip loops


7-What is the difference between Absolute and Relative Grid Modes? When would you use each?

Absolute Grid Mode: Snaps clip start and MIDI notes to
Grid boundaries

Relative Grid Mode: Clips and notes move by Grid units,
maintaining their relative position/offset from the Grid;


7-What is the purpose of Layered Editing mode? How can Layered Editing be enabled or disabled?

Stacked clips can be trimmed, moved,
or deleted without separating clips
beneath them

Options>Layered editing

or the layered editing button


7- Do AudioSuite plug-ins provide real-time processing or non-real-time processing? When might you use AudioSuite processing instead of a plug-in insert?

NON Real Time Processing

When you want to preserve real time resources


7-What does the Use In Playlist button do in the AudioSuite plug-in window? How can you tell when this option is active?

Controls if processed audio will replace your selection

it will turn Blue


7-Explain the difference between applying AudioSuite processing as “Clip by Clip” versus “Entire Selection

Clip By clip applies the processing to each clip where entire selection applies it to the entire selection.


7-Why is it important to consider the Handle Length setting when processing with an AudioSuite plug-in? What types of processing might be affected by AudioSuite handles?

  • Sets the duration for processing applied to underlying audio
  • Can affect the processing for certain types of processing like reverb and dynamics


7-What modifier key can you use to audition a clip in the Clip List?



7-How could you set the Clip List for a session you just opened to display only your newly recorded and edited clips going forward?

  • Choose Find from the Clip List pop-up menu and Select Include Subsequently Added Clips


7-What are some options for selecting multiple clips in the Clip List? How can you select a range of contiguous clips? How can you select non-contiguous clips?

Select a range(continuous using Shift click)

To select or deselect non-contiguously: (CTRL click)

Use the Marquee(+ sign when hovering to the left)


7-What is the difference between removing clips versus moving to trash or deleting clips using the Clear command in the Clip List?

  • Removing Clips: Clears clip from the session, leaving parent file on the hard drive
  • Deleting Audio Files: Clears all clips related to the file and permanently deletes it from the hard drive


7-What are some options for making selections or subset clips available outside of the current session? What is the purpose of the Capture command when exporting clips?

  • Consolidating Clips
  • Capturing - Creates a new subset clip without making a separation on the track


8-Where can you assign the color coding that Pro Tools will automatically apply for tracks and clips? How can you display track color bars in the Mix and Edit windows?

  • Setup > Preferences > Display tab
  • Select View > Mix Window Views > Track Color
  • Select View > Edit Window Views > Track Color


8-Describe the track icons used for the following track types in the Mix window: Audio, Aux Input, MIDI, Instrument, and Master Fader.

  • Audio – Waveform
  • Aux Input – Down arrow
  • MIDI – 5-pin connector
  • Instrument – Keyboard
  • Master Fader – Sigma


8-What are some of the track status indicators available in the Edit window? Describe at least three

Task Manager -

  • Rotating animation when background task is active





8-How many inserts are available on a track in Pro Tools? Why is it important to consider the order in which inserts are arranged on a track?


because they process in a series


8-Are inserts pre-fader or post-fader on Audio tracks, Instrument tracks, and Aux Input tracks? Are inserts any different on Master Fader tracks? Explain.

Pre-fader on Aux, Inst and Audio

Post on Master


8-.Are sends pre-fader or post-fader on Audio tracks, Instrument tracks, and Aux Input tracks? Are sends any different on Master Fader tracks? Explain.

Sends can be either pre or post

There are not sends on Master because it is the end of the routing


8-How many sends are available on a track in Pro Tools?



8-What is the difference between an Output send and a Bus send? When would you use each?

  • Output Send – Outputs through audio interface to an external processor
  • Bus Send – Routes through internal mix bus


8-What level does a send default to when it is first created? How can you change this default?

negative infinite

  • Choose Setup > Preferences > Mixing tab
  • Toggle Sends Default to “-INF”


8-What is the difference between standard view and expanded view for sends? What keyboard modifier can you use to toggle between view modes by clicking a send selector?

expand has pan, fader, pre/post and solo

Ctrl click


8-How can you prevent a “return” track from muting when one of the source tracks is soloed? What modifier key is used to enable this function?

  • Put in Solo Safe mode
  • Ctrl-click (Windows) on the
    Solo button on the track


8-What is the effect of enabling the PRE button in a send window? What is the effect of enabling the FMP button?

  • Pre button – Toggles from post-fader (unlit) to pre-fader (lit blue)
  • FMP button (Follow Main Pan) – Links send pan to main pan


8-How can you visually determine whether the Inverse Pan option is enabled for a send? What button(s) will be highlighted?

  • The link and arrow symbols will be shown and both need to be selected


8-How can you copy a send from one track to another track and duplicate its settings? What considerations might apply?

Press Alt click and drag it

be careful going from mono to stereo and vis versa as it will affect the automation


8-Which type of plug-in effects are generally used on inserts? Which are generally used with sends? Why?

Inserts -

  • Gain-Based Processors
  • Include EQ, Compressor, Gate, Expander, etc.

Sends -

  • Time-Based Processors
  • Include Reverb, Chorus, Delay, Echo, etc.

Use as send to control wet and dry sound mix


8-.What is the Librarian menu used for in a plug-in window? What is displayed in the Librarian menu when you first assign a plug-in? Why?

To select available presets

Factory Default


8-What are some of the uses of a Master Fader? How can you assign a Master Fader to the desired output or bus?

–Control and process output mixes

–Monitor and meter an output

–Control submix levels

–Control effects send levels

–Control levels on submasters (bussed tracks)

–Apply dither

In the Audio Output selector


9-What are some of the parameters that you can automate in Pro Tools?

Volume, Pan, and Mute controls on Audio, Aux Input, MIDI, and Instrument tracks (Volume on Master Faders)

Send Volume, Send Pan, and Send Mute

All Plug-in Controls


9-What are some differences between MIDI controller automation data and Pro Tools audio automation? What kinds of tracks can Pro Tools audio automation be used on (Audio, MIDI, etc.)?

Audio Automation versus Continuous Controller Automation

  • Pro Tools audio automation offers much higher resolution
  • Use audio Volume and Pan instead of MIDI Volume and Pan for more precise control

Audio, Instrument, Aux


9-What selector can you use to set the automation mode for a track? Where is this selector located?

Automation mode selector

In mix and edit window -


9-What is the difference between the Write, Touch, and Latch automation modes?

  • Write is continuously writing
  • Latch mode to set a parameter and let it ride
  • Touch mode to touch up small sections


9-When might you suspend automation? What is the difference between the Suspend button and the Write Enable buttons?

  • Suspend is good when you don't want to hear the automation for all tracks.
  • Suspend button: Globally suspends
    automation writing and playback
  • Write Enable buttons: Enable or suspend
    automation writing


9-What are the advantages of using Touch or Latch mode over using Write mode? In what scenarios would you use Latch mode? When would it make more sense to use Touch mode?

  • Use Touch or Latch mode to change automation as needed

Latch - during a part were you need a different parameter for a while

Touch - To adjust short sections


9-What are two ways to display an automation playlist in the Edit window?

  • Use the Track View Selector
  • Use the Show/Hide Lanes button


9-What are some common automation graphs that you may work with? How might automation be different for different types of parameters, with respect to available vertical positions?

  • Volume Graph - Can be anywhere on the spectrum
  • Pan Graph - Top is left and bottom part is right
  • Mute Graph - Either on or off


9-What are some ways that the Grabber tool can be used to edit an automation playlist? How would you go about Nudging automation breakpoints?

  • Add or move a breakpoint with the Grabber
  • Select and nudge breakpoints with [+]/[–] on numeric keypad


9-What are some ways that the Pencil tool can be used to edit an automation playlist?

  • Free Hand Pencil: Freely draw to add breakpoints
  • Line Pencil: Click and drag to draw in straight line segments


9-.How is cutting automation data different from deleting automation data?

  • Delete – Removes selected breakpoints without adding breakpoints
  • Cut – Adds breakpoints at the start and end of the selection


9-What will be the result if you copy automation (Edit > Copy) from a track displaying Volume automation and paste the automation (Edit > Paste) on a track displaying Pan automation?

It won't copy over


9-How would you go about duplicating volume automation from a track on Send B for the track?

Paste Special - To Current automation


9-How can you delete individual breakpoints in an automation graph? How can you delete a range of automation breakpoints?

  • Alt-click (Windows) opt click a breakpoint with Grabber, or
  • Select range of breakpoints with Selector tool and press Delete or choose Edit > Clear


9-How can you clear all automation on a displayed automation graph? What modifier can you use to clear the automation across all automation graphs for a track?

1.Select entire graph (triple-click with Selector)

2.Press Delete or choose Edit > Clear


10 - How is the Do-To-Selected function useful? What keyboard modifier set is used to access Do-To-Selected functionality?

When you only want to apply a change to selected tracks

Alt + Shift


10 - Describe the process of creating a drum submix. What kind of track is traditionally used as a submix destination?

1.Create an Aux Input for the submix destination

2.Route source tracks’ outputs to an internal mix bus

3.Route the internal mix bus to the Input of the Aux Input track

4.Solo-safe the Aux Input

Aux Input


10 - What is the difference between a Basic Folder track and a Routing Folder track? Which kind is useful for submixing?

Basic is only a holding container for tracks.

Routing has the ability to control volume, pan, etc.

Routing is good for submixing


10 - What process can you use to route the outputs of a set of tracks to a destination track?

Select the tracks, use the do to selected command in order to pick Track or New track.


10 - What is the purpose of grouping tracks? How many track groups can you create in a session?

Ways to organize and control a set of tracks



10 - What are some of the parameters that are affected by Edit groups? What are some of the parameters that can be included in a Mix group?

Edit Group Parameters

  • Track views, track heights, and track timebases
  • Elastic Audio plug-ins
  • Audio & MIDI editing, automation editing
  • Playlist views
  • Mix Group Parameters
  • Main volume
  • Track panning
  • Automation mode
  • Track mute, solo, & record enable
  • Send levels, panning, and mutes
  • Insert controls (plug-ins)


10 - What is the keyboard shortcut to create a Mix or Edit group from selected tracks?



10 - How can you enable or disable a single group? How can you globally suspend all groups? How can you visually tell when groups have been suspended?

  • Click the group name in the Group List
  • Choose Suspend All Groups from the Group List
    pop-up menu or Ctrl+Shift+G (Windows)
  • Names will be dimmed


10 - How can you identify group membership of tracks in the Mix window?

  • Lower case letter indicates single group membership
  • Upper case letter indicates multiple group membership


10 - How can you quickly select all members of a group? How might this be useful?

Click on the circle to the left of the group name

For Send routing


10 - What are some options for modifying or deleting a group?

  • In the Mix window, click a Group ID indicator and choose Modify Group
  • Right-click the group name in the Group List and choose Modify Group


10 - What is the purpose of the All group? Can you modify track membership or delete this group?

  • Combines all tracks into one large group for global changes
  • Overrides any other active groups
  • Membership cannot be modified; group cannot be deleted


10 - When is it necessary to apply Dither? Where should you insert a dither plug-in?

When you are going from 24 or 32 bit to a 16 bit

On Master Fader


10 - What is noise shaping used for in a dither plug-in? How is noise shaping used by the POW-r dither plug-in?

To improve signal to noise

Reduces perceptible noise by moving it to a less audible range


10 - What are the steps involved in creating a session archive? Why is it important to use the Save Copy In command before compacting sound files?

  • Step 1: Clear Unused Clips
  • Step 2: Create a Session Copy
  • Step 3: Compact Sound Files