American Pageant Chapter 4
The right to acquire a certain amount of land granted to the person who finances the passage of a laborer.
To take away the right to vote.
Any confict between the citizens or inhabitants of the same country.
The territory adjoining water affected by tides--that is, near the seacoast or coastal rivers.
That portion of a slave ship's journey in which slaves were carried from Africa to the Americas, slaves were branded and chained,and only 80 percent survived.
The ability to mate and produce abundant young.
fit for servants; humble or low.
An armed force of citizens called out only in emergencies.
A social group arranged in ranks or classes.
A group or institution granted legal rights to carry on certain specified activities.
A sermon or prophecy recounting wrongdoing, warning of doom, and calling for repentance.
The illegal execution of an accused person by mob action, without due process of law.
An inland region set back from a port, river, or seacoast.
The basic pattern of the distribution of status and wealth in a society.
Of noble or upper-class descent
For most of their early history, the colonies of Maryland and Virginia
contained far more men than women.
The primary beneficiaries of the "headright" system were
landowners who paid the transatlanic passage for indentured servants.
The primary cause of Bacon's Rebellion was
the poverty and discontent of many single young men unable to acquire land.
African slavery became the prevalent form of labor in the 1680s when
planters were no longer able to rely on white indentured servants as a labor force.
The culture that developed among the slaves in the English colonies of North America was
a combination of several African and American cultures.
Political and economic power in the southern colonies was dominated by
Because there were few urban centers in the colonia South,
a professional class of lawyers and financiers was slow to develope.
Puritan lawmakers in New England prevented married women from having property rights because
they feared that separate property rights for women would undercut the unity of married couples.
In New England, elementary education
was mandatory for any town with more than fifty families.
The Congregational church of the Puritans contributed to
the development of basic democracy in the New England town meeting.
In contrast ot the Chesapeake Bay colonists, those in New England
enjoyed longer lives and more stable families.
The focus of much of New England's politics, religion, and education was the instituion of
The "Half-Way Covenant" provided
baptism but not "full communion" to people who had not had a conversion experience.
Those people accused of being witches in Salem were generally
from families associated with Salem's burgeoning market economy.
English settlers greatly changed the character of the New England environment by
their extensive introduction of livestock.
Early Maryland and Virginia settlers had difficulty creating them and even more difficulty making them last
Primary cause of death among tobacco-growing settlers
Immigrants who received passage to America in exchange for a fixed term of labor. Primary laborers in early southern colonies until the 1680s.
Maryland and Virginia's system of granting land to anyone who would pay trans-Atlantic passage for laboreres.
Fate of many of Nathaniel Bacon's followers, though not of Bacon himself.
American colony that was home to the Newport slave market and many slave traders.
Royal African Company
Organization whose loss of the slave trade monopoly in 1698 led to free-enterprise expansion of the business.
African-American dialect that blended English with Yoruba, Ibo, and Hausa.
Uprisings that occurred in New York City in 1712 and in South Carolina in 1739.
Wealthy extended clans like the Fitzhughs, Lees, and Washingtons that dominated politics in the most populous colony.
Approximate marriage age of most New England women.
The basic local political instituion of New England, in which all freemen gathered to elect officials and debate local affairs.
Formula devised by Puritan ministers in 1662 to offer partial church membership to people who had not experienced conversion.
Salem Witch Trials
Late seventeenth-century judicial event that inflamed popular feelings, led to the deaths of twenty people, and weakened the Puritan clergy's prestige.
Primary occupation of most seventeenth-century Americans.
Virginia-Maryland bay area, site of the earliest colonial settlements.
Agitator who led poor former indentured servants and frontiersmen on a rampage agains Indians and colonial government.
Colonial Virginia official who crushed rebels and wreaked cruel revenge.
West African religious rite, retained by African-Americans, in which participants responded to the shouts of a preacher.
New York City slave revolt of 1712
Major middle-colonies rebellion that caused thirty-three deaths.
"New England Conscience"
The legacy of Puritan religion that inspired idealism and reform among later generations of Americans.
The oldest college in America, originally based on the Puritan commitment to an educated ministry.
William and Mary
The oldest college in the South, founded in 1793
Small New York revolt of 1689-1691 that reflected class antagonism between landlords and merchants.
1. planters 2. small land owning farmers 3. free laborers 4. indentured servants 5. slaves
The first colony to pass laws for education.
New England's commercial wealth
fishing, lumber, and non-agricultural commodities.