American Pageant Chapter 18
Democratic Candidate selected for the election of 1848. He was a veteran of the War of 1812 and an experienced senator and diplomat.
The doctrine that stated that it was up to each individual state on the issue of slavery--the federal government should not decide that for them. This was established by Lewis Cass, making his views on slavery well-known, even though his party did not officially have any views.
The Whig party's nomination for the presidency in 1848
Free Soil Party
The party that advocated complete abolition of slavery in the new territories and all states, attracting a variety of followers.
California Gold Rush
The 1849 influx of settlers in California who were seeking gold.
Seventh of March speech
Daniel Webster's speech in congress in 1850 that advocated compromise over the issue of slavery, strengthening Union sentiment
William H. Seward
The freshman senator from New York who spoke against both secession and slavery , not using the power of compromise.
Taylor's vice president who took over as the 13th president of the US after Taylor's death
Compromise of 1850
Act of congress ordering that California was admitted as a free state, Texas gave up its claims to tracts of New Mexico (was paid for it), New Mexico and Utah would be slave states when admitted, and a more stringent fugitive-slave law was passed.
Southerners in favor of secession who announced the convention in Nashville to discuss leaving the union.
Fugitive Slave Law
The "Bloodhound Bill" of 1850 that took away many rights from blacks and made whites who helped runaway slaves liable to fines and imprisonment.
The Democratic candidates in the 1852 election,a second Dark Horse, being an unknown lawyer from New Hampshire
Hero of the war with Mexico, he was the Whig's candidate in the 1852 election whose defeat effectively ended the Whig party.
The 1850 treaty that prevented both the US and Britain from seeking complete control of the Central American isthmus
American adventurer who seized Nicaragua and opened it to slavery, but was overthrown by other South American governments and killed.
the American Steamship that was seized by Cubans which sparked conflict between the two countries
The proclamation that the US would pay $120 million for Cuba, and if Spain refused the US would be justified in taking it if it threatened the US, but the proclamation was dropped by Pierce.
A war between China and Britain that resulted in Britain's right to sell opium in China, causing the US to want to catch up in the Pacific market
Treaty of Wanghia
The first formal diplomatic agreement between the US and China, it gave the US "most favored nation" status in China, granting them any trading rights.
American diplomat who negotiated the Treaty of Wanghia with China.
American negotiator to Japan who negotiated the Treaty of Kanagawa
Treaty of Kanagawa
American treaty with Japan that cracked their isolationism of several centuries.
Cession of land by Mexico to the US for $10 million that provided a viable railroad rout from Houston to Los Angeles
Separated the unorganized territory of Nebraska into two parts, allowing each to chose their position on slavery by popular sovereignty, while repealing the Missouri Compromise