1509-1564. French theologian. Developed the Christian theology known as Calvinism. Attracted Protestant followers with his teachings.
Puritan dissenter banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony who fled to Rhode Island in 1638
English clergyman and colonist who was expelled from Massachusetts for criticizing Puritanism
English navigator who discovered the Hudson River
long-time governor of Plymouth Colony, wrote "Of Plymouth Plantation"
the last Dutch colonial administrator of New Netherland
Archbishop of Canterbury under Charles I in England. He tried to force the Scottish to use the English Book of Common Prayer. He was later executed by Parliament during the English Civil War.
A Puritan minister who led about 100 settlers out of Massachusetts Bay to Connecticut because he believed that the governor and other officials had too much power. He wanted to set up a colony in Connecticut with strict limits on government.
Englishman and Quaker who founded the colony of Pennsylvania (1644-1718)
1588-1649 First governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630.
English name for Metacon who forged an alliance among Indians to try to end the spread of English settlement
Criticized the Church of England, fled to Massachusetts Bay Colony, defended government's duty to enforce religious rules
Sir Edmund Andros
Governor of the Dominion of New England from 1686 until 1692, when the colonists rebelled and forced him to return to England
king of Sweden whose victories in battle made Sweden a European power
William and Mary
King and Queen of England in 1688. With them, King James' Catholic reign ended. As they were Protestant, the Puritans were pleased because only protestants could be office-holders.
Wampanoag leader who who aided the Pilgrims (1580-1661)
was an early English colonial entrepreneur and founder of the now state of Maine
English colonist in America
German theologian who led the Reformation
New England clergyman who wrote the popular poem "Day of Doom", which told the horrifying fate of the damned
Native American who helped with relation between the natives and the Pilgrims.
a statutory right or privilege granted to a person or group by a government (especially the rights of citizenship and the right to vote)
previous determination as if by destiny or fate
a spiritual enlightenment causing a person to lead a new life
(Bible) an agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return
the theological doctrine that by faith and God's grace a Christian is freed from all laws (including the moral standards of the culture)
these regulated the dress of different classes forbidding people from wearing clothes of their social superiors
An English policy of not strictly enforcing laws in its colonies
peaceful resistance to a government by fasting or refusing to cooperate
City upon a hill
name for Mass. Bay Colony coined by Winthrop to describe how their colony should serve as a model of excellence for future generations
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
some one who journeys to a sacred place as an act of religious devotion
New England confederation
1643 - Formed to provide for the defense of the four New England colonies, and also acted as a court in disputes between colonies.
the theological system of John Calvin and his followers emphasizing omnipotence of God and salvation by grace alone
Massachusetts Bay Company
joint-stock company chartered by Charles I in 1629. It was controlled by Non-Separatists who took the charter with them to New England and, in effect, converted it into a written constitution for the colony.
Dominion of New England
1686-The British government combined the colonies of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Connecticut into a single province headed by a royal governor (Andros). Ended in 1692, when the colonists revolted and drove out Governor Andros
Institutes of Christian Religion
This was the work by John Calvin that described to the world the ideology of John Calvin
Promoted English shipping and control colonial trade; made Americans ship all non-British items to England before going to America
the revolution against James II
Protestant sect in England hoping to "purify" the Anglican church of Roman Catholic traces in practice and organization.
a Puritan representative assembly elected by the freemen; they assisted the governor; this was the early form of Puritan democracy in the 1600's
Dutch West India Company
Trading company chartered by the Dutch government to conduct its merchants' trade in the Americas and Africa.
People who wanted to have a separate, or different church. Also known as Pilgrims.
name for the Massachusetts Bay colony that refers to its tax supported churches and visible saints.
a Christian sect founded by George Fox about 1660
the ship in which the Pilgrim Fathers sailed from England to Massachusetts in 1620
Sociological term used to define the Calvinist belief in hard work to illustrate selection in elite group
a document written by the Pilgrims establishing themselves as a political society and setting guidelines for self-government
The constitution of the Connecticut River colony drawn up in 1639, it established a government controlled in democratic style by the "substantial" citizens.
French protestants who came to the New World to escape religious prosecution in France
one group of Puritan American settlers who were Calvinists
the traits and culture of the Dutch being imprinted into the young minds of the English Separatists
Place where pilgrims finally settled
a Protestant denomination holding that each individual congregation should be self-governing
The Bay colonists wanted to claim Connecticut for themselves but it belonged to the Pequot. The colonists burned down their village and 400 were killed.
Dutch Gold Age
Age when the Dutch came to the new world for gold
a Dutch colony in North America along the Hudson and lower Delaware rivers although the colony centered in New Amsterdam
a settlement established by the Dutch near the mouth of Hudson River and the southern end of Manhattan Island
Swedish fur-trading community established with the assistance of the Dutch on the Delaware River in 1638 and absorbed by New Netherland in 1655
literal translation of "Pennsylvania"; what William Penn named his colony, but in honor of his father, not himself
when more than 15,000 Puritans journeyed to Massachusetts to escape religious persecution and economic hard times