American Pageant Chapter 7
President of the Continental Congress; first to sign the declaration
British Prime Minister during revolution. He had passed the Coercive Acts and supported the king greatly to the extent that Britain was ruled only by the king.
The burning of the British naval cutter, the Gaspée by the citizens of Providence, Rhode Island on March 22, 1772; example of colonial opposition to the enforcement of the Trade and Navigation Acts.
British Prime Minister that believed in strict enforcement of laws. He created the Sugar Act 1764 & Stamp Act 1765. He was not liked by the American Colonists
Founder of the Sons of Liberty and one of the most vocal patriots for independence; signed the Declaration of Independence
British Finance leader. Influenced Parliament to pass the Townshend Acts.
Lawyer who defended British soldiers in the Boston Massacre trial. He believed in "innocent until proven guilty." In spite of these actions, he supported colonial independence. 2nd Pres
King George III
King of England during the American Revolution
Baron Von Steuben
Prussian soldier who helped train American forces at Valley Forge in the American Revolutionary War.
policy by which a nation sought to export more than it imported in order to build its supply of gold and silver
"No taxation without representation"
reflected the colonists' belief that they should not be taxed because they had no direct representatives in Parliament
Whigs in Parliament
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
French philosopher and writer born in Switzerland; believed that the natural goodness of man was warped by society; ideas influenced the French Revolution (1712-1778)
The religion of the Enlightenment (1700s). Followers believed that God existed and had created the world, but that afterwards He left it to run by its own natural laws. Denied that God communicated to man or in any way influenced his life.
British right to nullify any legislation passed by the colonial system if it went against Mercantalism. Privy council
internal taxations were taxations on personal goods and property, while external taxations dealt with taxing goods that were being imported (townshend acts).
British governmental theory that Parliament spoke for all British subjects, including Americans, even if they did not vote for its members
a group's refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization in protest against its policies
The first bloodshed of the Amercan Revolution, as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five americans
German soldiers who fought for the British
Killed in Boston Massacre, black laborer, only African-American person killed in Boston Massacre
Sons/Daughters of Liberty
Organizations that led protests, helped American soldiers, instated a boycott, and generally resisted the British.
Passed in 1774 by the British Parliament, it extended political and legal concessions to the inhabitants of Quebec and granted them religious freedom.
Laws that governed trade between England and its colonies. Colonists were required to ship certain products exclusively to England. These acts made colonists very angry because they were forbidden from trading with other countries.
March 1766- repealed Stamp Act, said British law was binding in all cases whatsoever
First Continental Congress
September 1774, delegates from twelve colonies sent representatives to Philadelphia to discuss a response to the Intolerable Acts
an act passed by the British that allowed British troops to live in the homes of the colonists
law passed by the British Parliament setting taxes on molasses and sugar imported by the colonies
laws passed in 1767 that taxed goods such as glass, paper, paint, lead, and tea
Effective organization created by the First Continental Congress to provide a total, unified boycott of all British goods
an act passed by the British parliment in 1756 that raised revenue from the American colonies by a duty in the form of a stamp required on all newspapers and legal or commercial documents
Committees of Correspondence
Organization founded by Samuel Adams consisting of a system of communication between patriot leaders in New England and throughout the colonies
in British law, special administrative courts designed to handle maritime cases without a jury
Boston Tea Party
demonstration (1773) by citizens of Boston who (disguised as Indians) raided three British ships in Boston harbor and dumped hundreds of chests of tea into the harbor
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
Stamp Act Congress
group of colonists who protested the Stamp Act, saying that Parliament couldn't tax without colonist' consent
Applied only to Massachusetts to punish them for Boston Tea Party; closed Boston's port, reduced powers of self-government, allowed royal officers to be tried in England or other colonies, and provided for quartering of British troops in empty houses or barns.
Second Continental Congress
It met in 1776 and drafted and signed the Declaration of Independence, which justified the Revolutionary War and declared that the colonies should be independent of Britain.
Polish "Father of the Calvary". Died at the Battle of Savannah.