Antimicrobial Medications

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created 2 weeks ago by jjamiso1
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Different types of antibiotics and how they work
updated 10 days ago by jjamiso1
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microbiology
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1

What is Selective Toxicity? Why is it a good thing when selecting an antibiotic medication?

A substance that interferes with essential structures common in microbes but not in human cells. Causes greater harm to microbes than to humans.

2

What is Bacteriocidal?

Chemicals that kill bacteria but sometimes only inhibitory

3

What is Bacteriostatic?

Chemicals that inhibit bacterial growth (sulfa drug)

4

What is Broad-spectrum?

These antibacterial medications affect a wide range of bacteria. Important when treating acute life-threatening diseases.

5

What is Narrow-spectrum?

These antibacterial medications only affect a limited range of bacteria. Requires identification of bacteria and susceptibility of pathogen.

6

what is Antagonistic?

Medications that interfere with other medications

7

What is Synergistic??

Medications that enhance other medications

8

Adverse effects of antimicrobial medications

Allergic reactions, toxic effects, and dysbiosis (imbalance in the microbiome)

9

Describe how bacteria can acquire antibacterial resistance mechanisms

Through spontaneous mutation or horizontal gene transfer

10

What are examples of Beta-Lactam Antiobiotics

Penecillins

Cephalorsporins

Carbapenems

Monobactums

11

How do Beta-lactam antibiotics work?

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12

What are PBPs?

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13

Specific characteristics of Penecillins

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14

Specific characteristics of Cephalosporins

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15

Specific characteristics of Carbapenams

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16

Specific characteristics of Monobactems

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17

Examples of Glycopeptide antibiotics

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18

How do Glycopeptides work?

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19

Examples of Bacitracins antibiotics

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20

How do Bacitracins work?

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21

How does daptomycin work?

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22

How does polymixins work?

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23

What drugs are used for mycobacterium infections?

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24

What are the different mechanisms of acquired resistance?

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25

What are some examples of ways to prevent resistance?

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26

Explain the distribution of antimicrobial medications in the body

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27

Explain the metabolism of antimicrobial medications in the body

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28

Explain the excretion of antimicrobial medications in the body

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29

Explain how antibiotic medications are prescribed and the dosage given

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