PT110 - 1-6 Flashcards

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1 - How can you sign in to your Avid Master Account when starting work in Pro Tools? What is required to sign in to your account?

Push the sign in button at top right corner

Avid account username and password


1- Why is it important to select the audio interface you want to use prior to creating or opening a session? What dialog box can you use for this purpose?

So the I/O settings match

Playback engine


1 - What is the H/W Buffer Size setting in the Playback Engine dialog box used for? What kinds of tracks are affected by this setting?

Determines the number of samples from audio interface to the CPU

ones with Low latency to include record enabled tracks and/or receiving live input


1 - What dialog box can you use to configure the available options for your connected audio interface?

Hardware set up dialog box


1 - How can you specify the I/O settings that Pro Tools will use when creating a new session from the Dashboard?

I/O settings pop up menu


1 - Where are changes to Pro Tools I/O settings saved? Are they stored in the session or on the system?

Last Used

Everything but the bus are system settings

bus are session settings


1 - What dialog box can you use to rename signal paths?

I/O set up dialog box


1- How can you configure an audition path in Pro Tools?


Output tab

Audition Path


1 - What are some ways to open a recently used project or session on a system?

File> Open Recent

File > create new - and open in dashboard under recent

File>Open projects - and open in dashboard under recent


1 - What shortcut operation can you use to add an individual Audio track to your session?



1 - What options are available for changing the display of the Mix and Edit windows? What are some of the optional views available in each window?

View selectors and track width

Inserts, sends, I/O, comments, Instruments, HEAT, Track color


1 - How can you easily show or hide tracks in Pro Tools? What is the difference between hiding a track and deleting a track?

Click on the circle in the tracks list.

Hiding it still plays the material on the track, deleting will not have the material playing


1 - What are some options available in the Track List pop-up menu?

Show all , show only....

hide all, hide only...

restore all tracks


2-What are some of the features enabled by Pro Tools | Ultimate software?

Full surround sound

More automation

Video Editing features


2-What is required to import and arrange multiple video clips on a Video track?

You need Pro Tools Ultimate


2-Name some areas of focus available for Workspace browsers in Pro Tools.

Sound Libraries



track presets




2-What are some of the functions that you can perform using a Workspace browser?

access, view, search your drive

Designate the function of each drive

View, audition, manage, import from drive

Locate and open a session


2-How can you audition files from a browser? How can you audition them in context with your session?

click on file and press spacebar

click on file and push the preview button( arrow)

play botton to left of waveform

click anywhere on the waveform

- enable audio conforms to session tempo button(metronome) push 0 on numeric keyborad and then start the clip by one of the methods above


2-What is Soundbase? What are tags in Soundbase?

A browser window that allows you to search using tags

A way to search for audio files using keywords


6-What types of tracks and clips are affected by Real-Time Properties?

MIDI and Instrument


2-What are some of the different types of media you can import into Pro Tools (in addition to audio files)?

audio, midi, video


3 - What keyboard shortcut can you use to toggle Pre/Post Roll on and off?

ctrl + K (win)

cmd K (mac)


2-What types of clips can be grouped together as a clip group? Can clips of different types be combined into a single clip group?

audio, MIDI, video



2-How many clips are required for a clip group? Can clip groups contain silence?

no minimum(1)



2-What kind of icon is used to indicate a clip group? Where is the icon located?

card image

bottom left corner of the clip


2-What do the Ungroup and Ungroup All commands do? How would you go about reassembling a clip group after using one of these command?

Ungroup - undo's one level of the group

Ungroup all - undoes all levels of grouping

select Clip> regroup or Ctrl+alt+R


3 -What menu would you use to display Conductor rulers, such as Meter and Tempo? How can you display rulers without using a main menu?


Ruler View selector


3 - What are the default tempo and meter for all Pro Tools sessions?




3 - What modifier key would you hold while clicking on a ruler to add a Meter or Tempo change to your session?

Start key


3 - What main menu provides access to the Tempo Operations window? What is the purpose of the Linear page in the Tempo Operations window?

Event Menu

To create tempos that change evenly over a set amount of time


3 - How can you configure Pro Tools to use a virtual instrument as the sound source for the metronome click? How can you control what notes are played for the accented and unaccented beats?

Setup> Click/Count Off or dbl click met button

In the click/Countoff options dialog box


3 - Describe at least three different ways to make a selection for recording.

Click on clip

Make a selection during playback

Use the in and out arrows

By memory locations


3 - Describe three ways to set the pre- and post-roll values. What modifier do you use to set pre- and post-roll by clicking in a track playlist?

In transport window - Type it in

Alt click in track playlist

In timebase ruler by dragging flags

You can enable and disable from options menu


3 - What keyboard shortcut can you use to toggle Pre/Post Roll on and off?

ctrl + K


3 - What are alternate playlists in Pro Tools? How can playlists be useful when recording multiple takes?

alternate takes

They are good so that you can go back and choose the best later


3 - When might you use the Pro Tools Preferences setting called Send Fully Overlapped Clips to Available Playlist While Recording? How can you ensure that the original audio gets moved to a playlist when rerecording just a section of the original using this setting?

When you want to keep every take

Edit>separate clip


3 - What are some differences in the way audio and MIDI clips are created when loop recording? How would you go about enabling loop recording for audio or MIDI?

  • Audio: Single file contains all takes; individual takes separated as subset clips.
  • Audio: If pass is interrupted before midpoint, entire take is discarded
  • MIDI: New clips created for each take; if no input is received, no clip is created
  • MIDI: If pass is interrupted before midpoint, entire clip is retained

1.Select Options > Loop Record

2.Record-enable the track

3.Select Options > Link Timeline and Edit Selection

4.Make selection

5.Enable Pre-Roll if desired

6.Click Record and Play

7.Record desired takes; stop playback before mid-point to discard last partial take


3 - What Preferences setting do you need to use to enable automatic playlist creation when Loop Recording?

3.Enable checkbox for Automatically Create New Playlists When Loop Recording


3 - How can you cycle through alternate takes from playlists? How can you audition takes from playlists while cycling though them?

–Press Command+Shift+Up Arrow (Mac) or Ctrl+Shift+Up Arrow (Windows) to cycle in material from previous playlist

–Press Command+Shift+Down Arrow (Mac) or Ctrl+Shift+Down Arrow (Windows) to cycle in material from next playlist


3 - What is the purpose of MIDI Merge mode? How can you perform a MIDI Merge recording while looping?

To allow you to record on top of previous material. This is good for making drum beats

1.Disable Options > Loop Record

2.Enable Loop Playback

  • Choose Options > Loop Playback or
  • Press Command+Shift+L (Mac) or Ctrl+Shift+L (Windows) or
  • Press [4] on the Numeric Keypad

3.Enable MIDI Merge in the MIDI Controls

4.Record-enable a MIDI or Instrument track

5.Record-arm the Transport and press Play

6.Complete multiple passes, adding MIDI notes with each pass


4-What timebase do Audio Tracks default to? MIDI Tracks? Instrument Tracks?

Audio - Sample

MIDI/Instrument - Tick


4-Which Pro Tools timescales are absolute? Which are relative? What is the difference between absolute and relative timescales?

Absolute - Sample, Mins/Secs, Timecode, Feet/Frame

Relative - Bars/Beats

Absolute specific duration regardless of tempo; Relative durations change relative to tempo


4-How do audio clips respond to tempo changes on a sample-based track? How do they respond if you change the track to tick-based (without using Elastic Audio)?

They don't respond

The start of the clip becomes fixed and they will move to correspond with the sample based timeline.


4-Pro Tools provides 960 ticks per quarter note; how many ticks does it provide per half note? How many per eighth note?




4-Why might you want to render a MIDI performance to audio? What are some available options for rendering a virtual instrument’s output to an audio file?

To enable audio editing and processing or to conserve processing resources

Drag&Drop or Track Freeze


4-What are some of the different options available for viewing data on MIDI and Instrument tracks in the Edit window? What kinds of operations can you perform in each view?

Clips - Edit functions

Notes - Change note frequency and duration

Velocity - Change note loudness


4-Where are the MIDI input and output controls located for MIDI tracks in the Mix window? Where are they located for Instrument tracks?

In the instruments view at the top of the track

In the I/O section


4-What does the MIDI Thru option do? How is it enabled?

Allows data to travel through a track to its MIDI output.

In the options menu


4-What is the Default Thru Instrument setting used for? How can you change the Default Thru Instrument setting?

Forces all virtual instruments to operate in a low latency domain



4-What keyboard modifier would you use when clicking on a MIDI clip in the Clip List to audition it? What is required for this process to play sound?

ALT Click

The Default thry instument need to be set at FOLLOWS FIRST SELECTED MIDI TRACK


4-How is editing MIDI data different from editing audio? How are MIDI notes affected when deleting a selection or trimming a clip compared to how audio waveforms are affected?

When you delete/trim the start of MIDI note it will erase the whole note.

If you delete/trim the end of the clip the note may overhang if the entire note is not selected


4-What are some of the functions of the Pencil tool when editing MIDI notes?

select note, delete note, add note, trim note, move note - Basically turns into a smart tool


4-What setting normally determines the Default Note Duration when adding notes with the Pencil tool? How can this setting be changed?

The current grid value

In toolbar in edit window


4-How can you select a range of MIDI notes using the on-screen keyboard?

SHIFT + left or right arrows


4-What process can be used to transpose MIDI notes? What modifier can you use to transpose a selection up or down by an octave at a time?

select the note and push up or down arrows

SHIFT + arrows


4-How can you edit MIDI note velocities from the computer keyboard?

Push CTRL and arrows


4-Describe some different ways of deleting notes on a MIDI or Instrument track. What track views allow you to delete notes?


use pencil tool plus ALT

select note with grabber or pencil and push delete or double click

Notes view


5-How would you go about enabling Elastic Audio on a track? Pg. 124

in the elastic audio plug in selector in the edit window


5-Which real-time Elastic Audio plug-in typically works best for drums? Which typically works best for vocals? pg.124

Drums - Rhythmic

Vocals -Monophonic


5-Which Elastic Audio plug-in provides only Rendered processing? When/why would you want to use Rendered processing?


Less demanding on resources


5-What can the Elastic Audio analysis’ tempo detection determine about an audio file? What are some conditions that will cause no tempo to be detected? Pg 126

Attempts to determine a file’s native tempo and duration in Bars|Beats

Single transient, tracks with tempo changes, inconsistent beat


5-Where are Warp Indicators displayed? What are they used for?

Upper right corner of the clip, To indicate that elastic processing has been applied to the clip


5-What views are available for working with Elastic Audio-enabled tracks? What is each view used for?

Analysis - Edit event markers

Warp - Allows you to manipulate clips and timing


5-Name the three types of Elastic Audio markers. What are the differences between them?

Event - indicate detected audio events

Warp - Anchor audio to the timeline

tempo Event generated warp - indicates where elastic audio processing has been applied due to a tempo event


5-What are some ways to add Warp markers to a clip? List at least three.

Start click

double click on even marker

With pencil tool


5-What is a Telescoping Warp? How does it differ from an Accordion Warp? From a Range Warp?

Telescoping - Allows you to stretch/compress the entire waveform/clip

Accordion - applies processing to either side of the warp marker

Range - Applies processing between two fixed points


5-What is the effect of quantizing a selection on an Elastic Audio-enabled track? What happens to the Event markers within the selection?

The event markers close to the grid turn to warp markers and they will be matched to the grid


5-Why is it important to have accurate Event markers in your clips when applying Quantize operations on Elastic Audio-enabled tracks?

So that you don't have false transients which could alter the timing/quality of the clip


5-.After enabling a track for Elastic Audio, how would you enable the track to update dynamically to match any subsequent tempo changes you make in the session?

Make sure it is set to be tick based


5-What are some ways to improve the quality of audio that has been warped with Elastic Audio processing?

Edit event markers

use X-form


5-What is meant by Event Confidence? How can Event Confidence be used to eliminate false transients when applying TCE processing on Elastic Audio-enabled tracks?

Based on the clarity of the transient.

By adjusting the level then it won't pick up on false transients


5-What are two ways to apply Elastic Audio pitch transposition? What are some applications for using each option?

In the elastic properties window - good for using across clips

Transpose window - Good for using across tracks(especially MIDI)


6-What are the functions available with the Smart Tools? How can you access the Selector with Smart Tool active? How can you access the Grabber?

Selector - Upper Part of clip


Grabber - Lower part of the clip


6-How can you create fades with the Smart Tool? How can you specify the fade curves that the Smart Tool applies?

Click toward the top of clip boundary and drag

Go to preferences - edit tab and change the fade settings


6-What menu command would you choose to open a Fades dialog box? What is the associated keyboard shortcut?




6-What are some options for previewing crossfades in the Fades dialog box?

Fade curves only

Fade curves and separate waveforms

Fade curves with superimposed waveforms

Fade curves with summed waveforms


6-What are some options for saving and recalling fade shapes or configurations in the Fades dialog boxes?

Number preset or named preset


6-What operations can you use to edit existing fades on a track playlist?

Dialog box - slope and shape

Rt click for the menu

Smart tool - duration and position


6-What is the purpose of the Quantize function in Pro Tools? What are some different ways to apply quantization?

To align the timing of the clip

Input as you are playing the MIDI or after with the standard quantize command


6-What is the purpose of quantizing audio clips? How is this different from quantizing Elastic Audio?

It will sync the start of the clips great for single audio events.

Elastic will sync all the transients.


6-What feature lets you apply changes to a MIDI performance without permanently altering the underlying MIDI data on a track?

Real-time properties


6-What types of tracks and clips are affected by Real-Time Properties?



6-What are some of the differences between the Real-Time Properties view in the Edit window and the Real-Time Properties floating window? Which allows you to apply clip-based Real-Time Properties? Pg 166

Quantize, velocity and duration will have expanded options

Floating allows clips