This is a noun that can be identified through the five senses – sight, smell, sound, taste and touch. Examples include: music, pie, tornado, flower, dog, milk, team. If you cannot see, smell, hear, taste, or touch something it is not this type of noun.
These are nouns that you cannot see, hear, taste, touch or smell. They refer to emotions, ideas, concepts, beliefs or a state of being.
Examples include: love, hate, acceptance, safety, evil, happiness, education, patience.
These nouns demonstrate ownership over something else and they typically include an apostrophe.
Examples include: Tony’s car, the dog’s bone, my mother’s recipe.
These nouns refer to one person, place, thing or idea in particular. They start with a capital letter and can be names of people, places, buildings, books, movies, months, days and organisations.
Examples include: James Bond, February, Samsung, Monday, Big Ben, The Godfather.
This noun refers to a group of people, animals or things and is used in a singular form.
Examples include: a flock, a herd, a bunch, a set.
These nouns do not have a singular form but we use them to talk about multiples of a thing. We often use them with “some” or “a pair of”.
Examples include: trousers, scissors, outskirts.
These are nouns that can be counted and have singular and plural forms. In their singular form, they can be preceded by “a” / “an”.
Examples include: cat, women, country, drinks.
These nouns cannot be counted and don’t usually have a plural form.
Examples include: flour, earth, wood, rain.
Examples of nouns that fall into more than one category
- Flour is a concrete noun, as we can taste it, but it is also an uncountable noun as it has no plural and we can't count the number of flour
- Time is an abstract noun, as it is a concept, but it is also an uncountable noun as we can't actually count it - well, you can count minutes, seconds, days etc. but not time itself!
What questions should you ask yourself to help you work out if something is a concrete noun or not?
- Can I touch it?
- Is it real?
- Does it affect me in some way physically?
- Can I see the effects of it in my life?
What type of noun is being described:
- All animals, plants and people can be touched, felt, heard and seen. The same goes for objects as well. We also see all the places we visit and we feel heat, light and the effects of electricity (when you turn on the light or switch on the TV)
- Makes up the vast majority of nouns in English