Anatomy and Physiology: Respiratory System | Active Recall Questions
Define the primary function of the respiratory system?
Exchange gases (oxygen and carbon dioxide)
Define the secondary function(s) of the respiratory system?
Produce vocal sound, sense of smell, maintain homeostasis (regulation of pH and reflexes), low pressure pump, and emotions.
Process of gas exchange
The movement of air into the lungs.
Explain the four main stages of respiration.
2. Gas exchange between blood and air (external respiration)
3. Gas transport in the blood
4. Gas exchange between blood and body cells (internal respiration)
Oxygen use and carbon dioxide production at a cellular level.
Define the three organs of the upper respiratory system
Nasal cavity, larynx, and pharynx
Define the three organs of the lower respiratory system
Lungs, bronchioles, and alveoli
Describe the formation and functions of the nose.
Bones and cartilage support the nose, two openings (nostrils), vibrissae filter large particles, olfactory mucosa, respiratory mucosa.
Hollow space behind the nose
Divides the nose (bone)
What two bones form the nasal septum?
Vomer and ethmoid
Deviated Nasal Septum?
When the septum bends to one side
Bone that divides the nasal cavity, support the mucus membrane and increase surface area (superior, middle, and inferior)
What is the function of the conche?
Increases surface area
2. Oral Cavity
6. Right Lung
7. Frontal Sinus
8. Nasal Cavity
11. Left Lung