DHO Health Science Updated: Muscular System Movement Flashcards


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created 1 year ago by Mrs_Seely
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1

Which type of muscle is connected to bones and allows for movement of the body?

Skeletal

2

Wave-like motion caused by contraction and relaxation of the muscles

Peristalsis

3

How many muscles are in the human body?

Over 600

4

What are the two names that refer to the ability to respond to a stimulus, such as a nerve impulse?

Excitability & Irritability

5

What are the two characteristics of muscle when it contracts?

It becomes short and thick

6

Name for the ability of the muscle to stretch

Extensibility

7

Which part of the nervous system controls involuntary actions?

Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)

8

Which part of the nervous system controls voluntary actions?

Somatic Nervous System (SNS)

9

Doughnut-shaped muscles that can pinch shut, controlling passage

Sphincter

10

Name for the end of the muscle that attaches to bone and does not move

Origin

11

Name for the end of the muscle that attaches to bone and moves when the muscle contracts

Insertion

12

Which muscle is located around the eyes and allows you to blink?

Orbicularis oculi

13

Which muscle is located around the lips allows you to pucker your lips (kiss)?

Orbicularis Oris

14

What is the name of the dome-shaped muscle that assists with breathing?

Diaphragm

15

What is the name for the muscles that lie beneath the pectoralis major, between the ribs and are important for breathing?

Intercostals