Medical Terminology Chp 14 Nervous system Flashcards


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1

The medical term for swelling of the optic disk is:

a. paranoia

b. paresthesia

c. papilledema

d. phagomania

c. papilledema

2

The suffix -plegia means

a. paralysis

b. nerves

c. swelling

d. feeling

a. paralysis

3

The suffix -phagia means

a. to excrete

b. to eat

c. to speak

d. pertaining to

b. to eat

4

Interneurons are entirely located within the:

a. ANS

b. CNS
c. SNS

d. PNS

b. CNS

5

Simulation of a nerve occurs at a:

a. receptor

b. sinus

c. tract

d. synapse

a. receptor

6

Fainting is also known as

a. hypnotics

b. sundowning

c. sleeping

d. syncope

d. syncope

7

Hyperkinesis is all of the following except

a. hyperactivity

b. inability to be still

c. increased muscular movement

d. partial seizures

d. partial seizures

8

Which of the following is not a function of the hypothalamus?

a. produces hormones

b. acts as a regulator

c. directs bone growth

d. produces neurosecretions

c. directs bone growth???

9

Sleepwalking is also known as

a. somnambulism

b. somabulism

c. insomnia

d. sonabulism

a. somnambulism

10

A congenital condition in which there is a lack of development of the brain is termed:

a. hydrocephaly

b. encephalitis

c. dicephalon

d. anencephaly

d. anencephaly

11

The surgical incision into the skull is:

a. cranioplasty

b. craniotomy

c. craniocele

d. craniectomy

b. craniotomy

12

Any dysfunction of the brain is termed:

a. encephalopathy

b. encephalomegaly

c. all of these

d. encephalitis

a. encephalopathy

13

Paralysis that affects one side of the body is called:

a. hemiplegia

b. paraplegia

c. quadriplegia

d. apraxia

a. hemiplegia

14

A progressive disorder caused by degeneration of nerve cells in the part of the brain that controls movement is called:

a. Tay-Sachs

b. epilepsy

c. Parkinson's

d. multiple sclerosis

c. Parkinson's

15

The term used to describe neuronal processes conducting impulses from one location to another is:

a. all of these

b. tract

c. nerve

d. nerve fiber

a. all of these

16

A condition where there is a loss of memory is called:

a. amentia

b. analgesia

c. amnesia

d. anesthesia

c. amnesia

17

The medical term for headache is:

a. chorea

b. cerebromalacia

c. coryza

d. cephalagia

d. cephalagia

18

The medical term for the loss of the ability to eat is:

a. apraxia

b. aphagia

c. aphasia

d. asthenia

b. aphagia

19

A sudden spasm or seizure can be known as:

a. tactile

b. paresis

c. syncope

d. paraoxysm

d. paraoxysm

20

The brain and spinal cord constitute the __________ nervous system.

a. autonomic

b. central

c. peripheral

d. sympathetic

b. central

21

Paroxysm means all of the following except

a. sudden recurrence of a disease

b. an exacerbation

c. spasm

d. swelling of a nerve

d. swelling of a nerve

22

A nerve cell is also known as

a. neurocyte

b. neurofibroma

c. erythrocyte

d. neuroblastoma

a. neurocyte

23

A surgical excision of a portion of the skull is known as:

a. craniectomy

b. craniotomy

c. craniostomy

d. none of these

a. craniectomy

24

The root myel means

a. membrane

b. nerve

c. papilla

d. spinal cord

d. spinal cord

25

Difficulty in comprehending the written language is called

a. dysphasia

b. diplegia

c. dysthymia

d. dyslexia

d. dyslexia

26

A sudden spasm or seizure can be known as:

a. syncope

b. paresis

c. paraoxysm

d. tactile

c. paraoxysm

27

All of the following are functions of the medulla oblongata except

a. cardiac output

b. fat metabolism control

c. respiratory control

d. vasomotor control

b. fat metabolism control