Medical Terminology Chp 13 Endocrine system Flashcards


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1

The type of diabetes that is an autoimmune disease and results from the body's failure to produce insulin is called

a. Gestational diabetes

b. prediabetes

c. Type 2

d. Type 1

d. Type 1

2

Which of the following hormones are not secreted by the thyroid gland?

a. Triiodothyronine

b. Thymosin

c. T4

d. Calcitonin

b. Thymosin

3

The root crine means

a. gland

b. to secrete

c. substance

d. within

b. to secrete

4

The adrenal cortex secretes:

a. all of these

b. cortisol

c. corticosterone

d. aldosterone

a. all of these

5

The pituitary gland is located:

a. away from the hypothalamus

b. at the base of the brain

c. in the temporal lobe

d. in the center of the brain

b. at the base of the brain

6

All are true statements concerning epinephrine except:

a. it decreases the heart rate and cardiac output

b. it dilates the pupils

c. it elevates the systolic blood pressure

d. it dilates the bronchial tubes

a. it decreases the heart rate and cardiac output

7

The root aden means

a. gland

b. cortex

c. man

d. adrenal gland

a. gland

8

What is an abnormal condition of excessive hair growth, especially in women?

a. myxedema

b. hypergonadism

c. hirsutism

d. thymitis

c. hirsutism

9

The root hirsut means

a. cortex

b. hormone

c. gland

d. hairy

d. hairy

10

The study of the endocrine system is

a. ornithology

b. endocrinology

c. exophtalmic

d. endocrinologist

b. endocrinology

11

The principal mineralocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex is:

a. aldosterone

b. androgen

c. dopamine

d. oxytocin

a. aldosterone

12

Melatonin is secreted by the:

a. pineal gland

b. thyroid gland

c. pancreas

d. parathyroid gland

a. pineal gland

13

What is a function of Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

a. regulates skin pigmentation

b. stimulates the reabsorption of water by the renal tubules

c. stimulates gastric acid secretion

d. influences the basal metabolic rate

b. stimulates the reabsorption of water by the renal tubules

14

The suffix that means hormone is:

a. -one

b. -ine

c. -gen

d. -in

a. -one

15

In the term estrogen, the combining form estr/o means:

a. estrogen

b. female

c. mad desire

d. sexual desire

b. female

16

A hypersecretion of cortisol may result in:

a. diabetes mellitus

b. Addison's disease

c. Cushing's disease

d. Graves' disease

c. Cushing's disease

17

Name a glucocorticoid hormone that is essential for the normal use of carbohydrates, absorption of glucose, and the formation of glycogen in the liver and tissues and also influences potassium and sodium metabolism.

a. Melatonin

b. Cortisol

c. Corticosterone

d. Aldosterone

c. Corticosterone

18

________ is a condition where the blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes.

a. Hypoglycemia

b. Prediabetes

c. Hyperglycemia

d. Gestational diabetes

b. Prediabetes

19

The pituitary body is known as

a. progeria

b. glucocorticoid

c. glandular

d. hypophysis

d. hypophysis

20

A deficiency in the secretion of adrenocortical hormones may result in:

a. diabetes mellitus

b. Cushing's disease

c. Addison's disease

d. Graves' disease

c. Addison's disease

21

What is a condition of premature old age occurring in children called?

a. progesterone

b. vasopressin

c. virilism

d. progeria

d. progeria

22

A substance used in the treatment of shock as it acts to elevate the blood pressure is:

a. insulin

b. dopamine

c. cortisone

d. iodine

b. dopamine

23

A chronic disease characterized by enlargement of the bones of the face, jaw, and extremities is called:

a. acromegaly

b. gigantism

c. dwarfism

d. cretinism

a. acromegaly

24

In the term hyperkalemia, the root kal means:

a. potassium

b. calcium

c. iron

d. magnesium

a. potassium

25

A hormone produced by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas is called:

a. melatonin

b. glucagon

c. calcitonin

d. insulin

d. insulin

26

Prolactin is secreted by the:

a. ovaries

b. posterior lobe of the pituitary

c. pineal gland

d. anterior lobe of the pituitary

d. anterior lobe of the pituitary