Medical Terminology Chp 12 Urinary system Flashcards


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1

A urine test performed to determine the glomerular filtration rate is:

a. BUN

b. creatinine

c. creatinine clearance

d. KUB

c. creatinine clearance

2

What is excessive urination during the night called?

a. nocturia

b. oliguria

c. polyuria

d. pyuria

a. nocturia

3

An average daily urinary output is approximately:

a. 1200 -1600mL

b. 1000-1500mL

c. 800-1200mL

d. 1400-1800mL

b. 1000-1500mL

4

Another word for kidney stones is

a. nephroliths

b. nephron

c. renin

d. meatus

a. nephroliths

5

The inner portion of the kidney is called the:

a. cortex

b. glomerulus

c. Bowman's capsule

d. medulla

d. medulla

6

Which drugs are generally the drugs of choice for treating acute, uncomplicated urinary tract infections?

a. analgesics

b. urinary tract antiseptics

c. sulfonamides

d. diuretics

c. sulfonamides

7

Difficult or painful urination is called:

a. anuria

b. dysuria

c. enuresis

d. nocturia

b. dysuria

8

The root micturit means

a. to urinate

b. kidneys

c. bladder

d. night

a. to urinate

9

An instrument used to measure the specific gravity of urine is called a/an:

a. urinometer

b. urethrotome

c. cystoscope

d. cystometer

a. urinometer

10

Pus in the urine is called:

a. pyuria

b. uremia

c. nephremia

d. pusuria

a. pyuria

11

Which of the following is not an organ of the urinary system?

a. gall bladder

b. kidneys

c. ureters

d. bladder

a. gall bladder

12

Hardening of the kidneys is known as

a. nephrosclerosis

b. nephropathy

c. nephrosclarosis

d. nephroma

a. nephrosclerosis

13

The root cyst means

a. bladder

b. urine

c. body

d. calcium

a. bladder

14

In the term hemodialysis, the prefix dia- means:

a. separate

b. exchange

c. around

d. through

d. through

15

The root nephr- means:

a. nephron

b. kidney

c. urine

d. body

b. kidney

16

An abnormal condition in which the body tissues contain an accumulation of fluid is known as:

a. ascites

b. retention

c. stricture

d. edema

d. edema

17

A surgical excision of a stone from the bladder is:

a. lithectomy

b. cystoscope

c. cystolithectomy

d. cystectomy

c. cystolithectomy

18

The primary function of the kidneys:

a. transport urine to the bladder

b. produce urine and help regulate body fluids

c. are a reservoir for urine

d. convey urine to the outside of the body

b. produce urine and help regulate body fluids

19

A medication that increases urine secretion is called:

a. antidiuretic

b. diuretic

c. antibiotic

d. antiemetic

b. diuretic

20

Hernia of the bladder that protrudes into the vagina is termed:

a. cystectomy

b. cystocele

c. cystopexy

d. cystostomy

b. cystocele

21

The combining form pyel/o means

a. renal pelvis

b. bladder

c. kidney

d. urine

a. renal pelvis

22

A chronically irritable and painful inflammation of the bladder wall is known as:

a. renal colic

b. nephritis

c. nephroliths

d. interstitial cystitis

d. interstitial cystitis

23

If urine is positive for protein, it could signify:

a. diabetes mellitus

b. renal disease

c. liver disease

d. biliary obstruction

b. renal disease

24

The use of high-frequency sound waves to visualize the kidneys is:

a. retrograde pyelography

b. intravenous pyelography

c. ultrasonography

d. cystoscopy

c. ultrasonography

25

Which of the following terms represents a lack of urine production?

a anuria

b. antidiuretic

c. calciuria

d. catheter

a anuria

26

Cystlagia is also known as

a. cystodynia

b. cystocele

c. cystodinia

d. cystitis

a. cystodynia

27

The normal color of urine is:

a. red

b. orange

c. yellow to amber

d. greenish-yellow

c. yellow to amber