Medical Terminology Chp 9 cardiovascular system Flashcards


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1

Which of the following is a factor you can control that contribute to heart failure?

a. race

b. gender

c. heredity

d. alcohol

d. alcohol

2

The ____________ is called the pacemaker of the heart.

a. atrioventricular heart

b. purkinje system

c. bundle of His

d. sinoatrial node

d. sinoatrial node

3

The development of the fetal heart is usually completed during the first ______________ of intrauterine life.

a. 2 months

b. 3 weeks

c. 4 weeks

d. 6 weeks

4 weeks??

4

The most common site for taking an adult pulse is the ____________ artery.

a. carotid

b. brachial

c. radial

d. femoral

c. radial

5

Cramping pain in the legs during walking is called:

a. claudication

b. shock

c. fibrillation

d. infarction

a. claudication

6

Another term for a heart attack is:

a. myocarditis

b. cardiomyopathy

c. transient ischemic attack

d. myocardial infarction

d. myocardial infarction

7

_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by blood on the walls of the vessels.

a. pulse

b. diastolic

c. blood

d. systolic

c. blood

8

__________ is used to analyze the size, shape, and movement of structure inside the heart.

a. electrocardiomyogram

b. electrocardiogram

c. cardiac catheterization

d. echocardiography

d. echocardiography

9

Blood test performed to determine cardiac damage in an acute myocardial infarction is:

a. angiogram

b. cholesterol

c. cardiac enzymes

d. triglycerides

c. cardiac enzymes

10

In the term infarction, the root infarct means:

a. necrosis of an area

b. process

c. tissue

d. blood

a. necrosis of an area

11

A waxy, fat-like substance found in the bloodstream of all animals is called:

a. lipoprotein

b. tissue plasminogen

c. cholesterol

d. carbohydrate

c. cholesterol

12

The heart is divided by a partition called the:

a. all of these

b. septum

c. atrium

d. ventricle

b. septum

13

A condition in which there is a lack of rhythm of the heart beat is:

a. arrhythmia

b. palpitation

c. murmur

d. fibrillation

a. arrhythmia

14

The buildup of fatty substances and hardening of the walls of an artery is called:

a. atherosclerosis

b. anastomosis

c. atheroma

d. arteriosclerosis

a. atherosclerosis

15

Which of the following acronyms describes a portable automatic device used to restore normal heart rhythm to patients in cardiac arrest?

a. AV

b. ADD

c. AED

d. ADE

c. AED

16

Which of the following terms is a medical diagnostic device used for recording the electrical impulses of the heart muscle?

a. electrocardiophonograph

b. EKG/ECG

c. echocardiograph

d. echocardiography

b. EKG/ECG

17

Which of the following is a factor that you cannot control?

a. overweight

b. smoking

c. lack of excercise

d. age

d. age

18

Which of the following terms if a surgical procedure to remove fluid from the pericardial sac?

a. valvuloplasty

b. paracardicentesis

c. pericardiocentesis

d. paricarditis

c. pericardiocentesis

19

The term systole means ______________ of the heart cycle.

a. contraction phase

b. filling of phase

c. dilation of phase

d. resting phase

a. contraction phase

20

An excessive amount of fatty substances in the blood is termed:

a. atherosclerosis

b. hyperlipidemia

c. triglyceride

d. lipidosis

b. hyperlipidemia

21

The most common symptom of a heart attack is:

a. angina

b. pectoralis

c. myodynia

d. carditis

a. angina

22

Which of the following is not a layer of the heart?

a. endocardium

b. myocardium

c. pericardium

d. exocardium

d. exocardium

23

Which of the following terms means an enlargement of the heart?

a. cardiometer

b. cardiomyopathy

c. cardiomagaly

d. cardiomegaly

d. cardiomegaly

24

The root angin (a) means

a. chest

b. to choke

c. vessel

d. pain

b. to choke

25

In the term sphygmomanometer, the combining form man/o means:

a. blood

b. pulse

c. artery

d. thin

d. thin

26

The average heartbeat for an average adult is between:

a. 50-100

b. 80-125

c. 60-100

d. 70-150

c. 60-100

27

The combining form angi/o means

a. artery

b. fatty

c. to choke

d. vessel

d. vessel