Medical Terminology Chp 8 Digestive System Flashcards


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1

The prefix dys- means

a. abnormal

b. difficult

c. duodenal

d. down

b. difficult

2

A chronic autoimmune disease that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract but most commonly occurs in the ileum is:

a. volvulus

b. cirrhosis

c. Crohn's

d. diverticulitis

c. Crohn's

3

The term duodenal refers to what part of the intestine?

a. second part of the small intestine

b. third part of the small intestine

c. first part of the small intestine

d. large intestine

c. first part of the small intestine

4

The root constipat means

a. to remove

b. a building up

c. to press together

d. to block

c. to press together

5

In the word emesis, the root eme means:

a. to spit up

b. together

c. to vomit

d. to belch

c. to vomit

6

The _______ is the hardest and most compact part of a tooth.

a. dentin

b. cementum

c. enamel

d. crown

c. enamel

7

The esophagus leads from the pharynx to the:

a. larynx

b. gall bladder

c. stomach

d. intestine

c. stomach

8

Which of the following terms means an evacuation of the bowels?

a. desecration

b. decretion

c. defecation

d. evacuation

c. defecation

9

The creation of a new opening into the colon is called:

a. colostomy

b. colonic

c. colotomy

d. colorrhaphy

a. colostomy

10

The root hemorrh means

a. vein liable to bleeding

b. expulsion of blood

c. blood

d. liver

a. vein liable to bleeding

11

Which term means chewing?

a. eructation

b. mastication

c. melena

d. mastcation

b. mastication

12

Which of the following terms is the one who studies the anus and the rectum?

a. practologist

b. pyloric

c. proctologist

d. proctoscope

c. proctologist

13

The root anabol means

a. to suck in

b. a building up

c. appendix

d. a break down

b. a building up

14

The suffix -pepsia means

a. flow

b. to drink

c. to ache

d. to digest

d. to digest

15

Which of the following are salivary glands that secrete fluids into the oral cavity?

a. all of the above

b. submandibular

c. parotid

d. sublingual

a. all of the above

16

Which condition occurs when the muscle between the esophagus and the stomach is weak or relaxes inappropriately?

a. gastroesophageal reflux disease

b. bulimia

c. hiatal hernia

d. anorexia nervosa

a. gastroesophageal reflux disease

17

Bile is considered:

a. essential for blood clotting

b. a detoxifier

c. all of these

d. a digestive juice

d. a digestive juice

18

The medical term for a toothache is:

a. denticle

b. dentoid

c. dentibuccal

d. dentalgia

d. dentalgia

19

The medical term for belching is:

a. flatus

b. eructation

c. lavage

d. deglutition

b. eructation

20

The ______________ is the second portion of the small intestine

a. jejunum

b. ileum

c. cecum

d. duodenum

a. jejunum

21

The x-ray examination of the common bile duct, cystic duct, and hepatic duct is:

a. cholangiopancreatography

b. colonscopy

c. cholecystography

d. cholangiography

d. cholangiography

22

Inflammation of the mouth is

a. gingivitis

b. mouthitis

c. sialadenitis

d. stomatitis

d. stomatitis

23

What is meconium?

a. hormone

b. first stool

c. enzyme

d. detoxifier

b. first stool

24

The suffix in appendectomy means:

a. inflammation

b. surgical opening

c. surgical excision

d. appendix

c. surgical excision

25

The root enter means

a. small intestine

b. esophagus

c. large intestine

d. gall

a. small intestine

26

The medical term for indigestion is:

a. stomatitis

b. ascites

c. dysphagia

d. dyspepsia

d. dyspepsia

27

A surgical excision of the gall bladder is termed:

a. cholecystectomy

b. cholecystitis

c. choledochotomy

d. catabolism

a. cholecystectomy

28

A pouch or sac in the wall of an organ or canal is called

a. diverticulum

b. esophagus

c. stomach

d. spleen

a. diverticulum

29

What is the abnormal protrusion of an organ or a part of an organ through the wall of the body cavity that normally contains it?

a. hernia

b. peptic ulcer disease

c. diverticulitis

d. cirrhosis

a. hernia

30

Which of the following terms is the one who studies the anus and the rectum?

a. practologist

b. proctologist

c. proctoscope

d. pyloric

b. proctologist