ATI unit 1 Peds Flashcards


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1

prevent sids

pacifier at bedtime

2

juvenille arthritis

encourage self care

3

celiac disease

-diarrhea

can't digest gluten

-malabsorption

-steatorrhea

4

tinea pedis

wear sandals (fungal infection between toes)

5

car seat

secure by using lower anchors & tethers instead of seat belt

6

head injury = diabetes insipidus

high sodium level due to dehydration

pituitary hypofunction leading to deficiency of anti-diuretic hormone

pituitary hypofunction leading to deficiency of anti-diuretic hormone

7

eye drops

give eye drops, wait 3 mins to give ointment

8

sickle-turbidity test

perform a finger stick

9

peripheral edema

palpate dorsum of foot

10

burn

wash with soap & water to prevent infection

11

hearing evaluation

no babbling by 7 months

12

gluten free

no oats,-barley, rye, wheat rice pudding is gluten free

13

digoxin

wash teeth after to prevent tooth decay

14

oral nystatin

shake medication prior to use

15

epidural hematoma

initiate seizure precautions

16

cheilopasty (lip reduction)

apply anbtibiotic ointment to sutures

17

sodium polystyrene enema

monitor potassium

treat hyperkalemia

18

spastic (pyridimal) cerebral palsy

-ankle clonus

-exaggerated stretch reflex

-contractures

19

suggestive physical abuse

symmetric burns of lower extremeties

20

inappropriate anti-diuretic hormone secretion

mental confusion

- decrease in urine

hyponatremia

-hyposmolaity (overhydration)

21

MMR vaccine contraindicaiton

neomycin allergy

(no allergies to eggs/gelatin)

22

sunburns

sunscreen with 15 SPF

23

4 year old

cuts shapes with scizzors

24

kawasaki disease

-increased temp

-xerophtalmia

-cervical lymphadenopathy

25

scoliosis

-unilateral rib hump

26

bacterial meningitis

increased protein concentration in spinal fluid

27

erythema infectiosum (fifth disease)

facial rash

28

epiglottis

prepare for nasotracheal intubation

29

ventricular septal defect

loud, harsh murmur

left to right shunting of blood = hypertrophy of heart muscle

30

cardiac cath post-op

wait 3 days before tub bath

31

tonic-clonic seizure

place child in lateral position

32

diaper dermatitis

apply zinc oxide

33

tobramycin (aminoglyceride)

assess for hearing loss

34

diabetic ketoacidosis

deep respiration rate high

blow off excess carbon dioxide

35

hypopituitarism

give RECOMBINANT GROWTH HORMONE

(inhibits cell growth, results in growth failure)

36

intussuception

-vomiting

-lethargy

37

burn

apply antimicrobial ointment

38

acute rheumatic fever

maintain bedrest, to prevent cardiac damage

39

failure to thrive

-observe parents reaction feeding child

-maintain strict I/O

40

12 month nutrition

skim milk not reccommended until age 2

lacks fatty acids for growth

41

toddler venupuncture

supine

42

most common allergy in children

cow's milk

43

immunizations 2 month old

haemophilus influenzae type b (HIB)

inactivated polio virus (IPV)

44

water heater

49 C = 120 F

do not exceed

45

adult tetanus booster

age 7 or older

reccommended every 10 years after 18

46

peek-a-boo

object permanence

object still exists when out of sight

47

6 month old

babinski present

(until 1 year old)

48

increased risk for hospitilization stress

males

49

temporary loss of vision

explain sounds the child is hearing

50

ingested bleach

injury by corrosive liquid is worse than solid

51

birth weight

12 months = triple

30 months = quadroopled

52

relaxation strategy

rock baby

53

intusseception

invasion of one intestine into another creating a pocket

- x ray

-ultrasound

-ct scan

54

management hypoglycemia

10-15 grams simple carbohydrates

(8 ounce milk)

55

sickle cell anemia, vaso-occlusive crisis

maintain bed rest

minimize energy & O2 needs

56

surgical repair cleft palate

suction gently with bulb syrine PRN

maintain airway

57

scoliosis brace

wear 23 hours a day

only remove for shower or PT

58

tracheomalacia

weakened trachea = collapse

-barking cough

-stridor

-wheezing cyanosis

-apnea

59

surgical myelomeningocele complication

pathway for cerebral spinal fluid is altered

risk for hydrocephalus

60

measels (rubeola)

koplick spots*

-fever

-malaise

-conjuctivitis

-cold ss

61

2 year old diet

1,000 calories

62

asthma

report sudden stop of wheezing

63

pinworms

give ALBENDAZOLE

today & again in 2 weeks

eradicate parasite & prevent infection

64

ASO titer

recent strep infection test

65

epiglottis

***drooling***

66

pyloromyotomy surgery

4-6 hours after, feed

small, bottle feedings of electrolyte solution

67

ear drops

massage anterior area of infants ear

68

ventricular septal defect

murmur at the left sternal border

69

gastroesphogeal reflux

add rice to baby's feedings

thick = reduce vomiting

70

5 year old immunizations

diptheria, tetanus, & pertussis (dTap)

boosters between 4-6, blood titers drop due to decreasing antibodies

71

nephrotic syndrome

high cholesterol bc of increased plasma lipids

72

school aged child surgery

schedule pre-operative visit to facility

73

vesicular rash

varicella

74

acute glomerulonephritis

monitor bp every 4 hours for hypertension

75

sickle cell anemia

give popsicles

hydration prevents sickeling

76

anaphylaxis

-nausea

-uticaria

-stridor

77

autism

bring stuffed animal to hospital

78

tetralogy of fallet

cyanosis

increase RBC in attempt to supply O2 to bod

79

otitis media

amoxicillin (antibiotic)

80

intussception

barium enema may not need surgery

81

transposition of great arteries

severe cyanosis

82

rheumatic fever pain

aspirin for joint pain

83

leukemia

low RBC