Penicillin Antibiotic Flashcards


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created 2 years ago by AWilson274
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1

Penicillin Antibiotic

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Amoxicillin Trihydrate

  1. Amoxil
  2. Moxatag
  3. Trimox
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Mechanism of Action: Penicillin Antibiotics

Penicillin Antibiotics inhibit bacterial cell wall synthesis by binding to penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) thereby preventing the final step of peptidoglycan synthesis in bacterial cell walls.

NOTE: Penicillin Antibiotics are a class of Beta-Lactam Antibiotics

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FDA Indications: Amoxicillin

  1. Ear, nose, and throat infection
  2. Gonorrhea
  3. Helicobacter pylori gastrointestinal tract infection
  4. Infection of skin and/or subcutaneous tissue (SSTI)
  5. Infectious disease of genitourinary system
  6. Pharyngitis-Tonsillitis
  7. Sinusitis
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Adverse Effects of Penicillin Antibiotics

  • Diarrhea
  • Rash
  • N/V
  • Itching
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Patient Counseling Tips

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Patients taking Amoxicillin that it should be taken on an __________ stomach 1 hour before or ____ hours after meals with a full glass of water (240 mL).

  • Empty
  • 2 hours
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Patients should be advised to take Amoxicillin at _______ intervals.

even

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Patients taking Penicillin Antibiotics should be advised to complete the ______ course of therapy.

Full

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If patient is using suspension formulation of Amoxicillin, it must be __________ and discarded after ____ days.

  • Refrigerated
  • 14 days