Thiazide Diuretics Flashcards


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1

Thiazide Diuretics

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Hydrochlorothiazide

Microzide

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Mechanism of Action: Thiazide Diuretics

Thiazide Diuretics inhibit sodium reabsorption in the distal convoluted tubule causing increased excretion of sodium, chloride, water, and potassium.

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FDA Indications: Thiazide Diuretics

  • Edema
  • Hypertension

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Adverse Effects of Thiazide Duretics

  • Dry mouth
  • Muscle cramps
  • N/V
  • Anemia
  • Orthostatic Hypotension

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Patient Counseling Tips

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Patients should be advised to take Thiazide Diuretics in the morning to prevent __________.

nocturia

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Patients taking Thiazide Diuretics should be advised to stand up slowly after lying down because these medications can cause ________ _________.

orthostatic hypotension

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Patients taking Thiazide Diuretics should be advised to avoid sunlight due to risk of ___________.

photosensitivity

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Patients taking Thiazide Diuretics should be advised to take it with food or milk if ________ upset occurs.

Stomach

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Patients should be advised that Thiazide Diuretics can decrease the amount of _______ in the body.

potassium

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Diabetic patents taking Thiazide Diuretics should be advised that this medication can __________ blood sugar.

increase