Benzodiazepines Flashcards


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created 2 years ago by AWilson274
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1

Benzodiazepines

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Lorazepam

Ativan

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Clonazepam

Klonopin

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Alprazolam

Xanax

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Mechanism of Action: Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines enhance GABA, an inhibitory neurotransmitter, causing CNS depression and providing anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, and/or muscle relaxant properties

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FDA Indications: Benzodiazepines

  • Anxiety
  • Premedication for anesthetic procedure
  • Epilepsy (LGS)
  • Insomnia
  • Seizure
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What is the Pregnancy Category of BZDs?

Pregnancy Category D

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Adverse Effects of Benzodiazepines

  • Ataxia (impaired coordination)
  • Somnolence (sleepiness)
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Patient Counseling Tips

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Patients taking Benzodiazepines should be advised that these medications cannot be stopped suddenly if they have been taking it regularly for more than ________ days.

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The dose of Benzodiazepines should be decreased slowly to prevent __________ symptoms in patients who have been taking it for more than 10 days.

withdrawal

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Patients should be advised that Benzodiazepines are ________-forming.

Habit

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Patients taking Benzodiazepines should be advised that when using this medication for an __________ time, it does not work as well and higher doses may be required.

Extended

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Patients taking BZDs should be advised to avoid _______ until they see how these medications effect them.

Driving

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Patients taking BZDs should be advised that may experience the following symptoms:

  1. drowsiness
  2. dizziness
  3. unsteadiness on your feet
  4. lightheadedness
  5. slow reactions
  6. difficulty remembering what has happened