MT Chp 6 Skeletal System Flashcards


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Bones; Medical terminology; Rice
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medical terminology
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1

The medical word for pertaining to the lower jawbone is:

a. mandible

b. maxilla

c. maxillary

d. mandibular

d. mandibular

2

The medical term for knock-knee is:

a. genu valgum

b. hallux

c. genu varium

d. genu varum

a. genu valgum

3

The membrane that forms the covering of bones except at their articular surfaces is called:

a. periosteum

b. diaphysis

c. epiphysis

d. endosteum

a. periosteum

4

All of the following are classified as long bones except:

a. humerus

b. radius

c. vertebrae

d. femur

c. vertebrae

5

The term osteogenesis means

a. deformation of bone

b. tumor of a bone

c. inflammation of bone

d. formation of bone

d. formation of bone

6

The combining form isch/i means

a. loins

b. hip

c. joint

d. lower back

b. hip

7

What structure is a narrow passageway about as big around as one's thumb and located on the palm side of the wrist?

a. a tendon

b. carpal tunnel

c. a ligament

d. the ulnar nerve

b. carpal tunnel

8

In the term cartilage, the suffix -age means:

a. pertaining to

b. related to

c. process

d. condition of

b. related to

9

The term lumbar pertains to

a. lower back

b. lower jawbone

c. hips

d. upper back

a. lower back

10

Which term refers to the swelling around a bone?

a. osteomalacia

b. periosteoedema

c. osteomyelitis

d. osteoporosis

b. periosteoedema

11

Which term refers to the softening of bones?

a. osteomalacia

b. periosteoedema

c. osteomyelitis

d. osteoporosis

a. osteomalacia

12

Which term refers to the inflammation of a bone especially the marrow?

a. osteomalacia

b. periosteoedema

c. osteomyelitis

d. osteoporosis

c. osteomyelitis

13

A condition that is characterized by the progressive loss of bone density and thinning of bone tissue is called:

a. osteofibroma

b. osteonecrosis

c. osteopenia

d. osteoporosis

d. osteoporosis

14

In the term cartilage the root cartil- means

a. tendon

b. fibers

c. gristle

d. muscles

c. gristle

15

In the term rheumatoid, the root rheumat means:

a. to lead

b. discharge

c. joint

d. stiff

b. discharge

16

The ________ is the shaft of a long bone.

a. endosteum

b. diaphysis

c. epiphysis

d. periosteum

b. diaphysis

17

The medical term for a fingerprint is:

a. dactylogram

b. dactylograph

c. dactylogryposis

d. dactylic

a. dactylogram

18

In the term meniscus, the root menisc means:

a. crescent

b. suture

c. repair

d. formation

a. crescent

19

In the term dactylic the root dactyl means

a. finger

b. bone

c. foot

d. cartilage

a. finger

20

A disease that involves inflammation of the joints is called:

a. bursitis

b. osteoporosis

c. arthritis

d. kyphosis

c. arthritis

21

The term cartilage means

a. specialized type of fibrous connective tissue found between bones

b. specialized type of fibrous connective muscles found at the end of bones

c. specialized type of fibrous connective tissue found at the end of bones

d. specialized type of fibrous connective tendons found at the end of bone

c. specialized type of fibrous connective tissue found at the end of bones

22

The medical term for big toe is:

a. genu varum

b. bursa

c. hallux

d. genu valgum

c. hallux

23

Which bone is not located in the upper extremity?

a. femur

b. humerus

c. radius

d. clavicle

a. femur

24

A __________ fracture occurs at the ankle and affects both bones of the lower leg.

a. spiral

b. transverse

c. Pott's

d. greenstick

c. Pott's

25

The root carp refers to

a. wrist

b. hand

c. joint

d. fingers

a. wrist

26

The prefix dis- means:

a. together

b. joined

c. apart

d. separate

c. apart

27

Which term refers to deficiency of bone tissue?

a. osteomalacia

b. osteoporosis

c. osteomyelitis

d. osteopenia

d. osteopenia

28

Which of the following is the medical term for bowleg?

a. genu varum

b. genu varun

c. genu varam

d. genu valgum

a. genu varum