3.1.1 The History of Cytology

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1

The use of newly invented microscopes enabled the formation of the

cell theory

2

___________ stated that all living things originate from cells. __________ observed that cork was made of box-like structures called cells. __________ used lenses that he designed to view microorganisms in pond water

  1. Jean Baptist Lamarck; Robert Hooke; Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
  2. Robert Hooke; Anton Van Leeuwenhoek; Jean Baptist Lamarck
  3. Jean Baptist Lamarck; Anton Van Leeuwenhoek, Robert Hooke
  4. None of the above.
  1. Jean Baptist Lamarck; Robert Hooke; Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
3

Louis Pasteur performed a series of experiments that disproved spontaneous generation. What aspect of his design represented the experimental part of the test?

  1. Boiled broth was used in the regular and swan-necked flasks.
  2. No microorganisms grew in the broth of the swan-necked flask.
  3. The experiment was performed on multiple regular and swan-necked flasks.
  4. Two different kinds of flasks were used – regular and swan-necked.

4. Two different kinds of flasks were used – regular and swan-necked.

4

In the 1800s, which of the following people experimentally demonstrated that living cells cannot arise spontaneously, leading him to conclude that cells only arise from preexisting cells?

  1. Anton van Leeuwenhoek.
  2. Rudolf Virchow.
  3. Robert Hooke.
  4. Louis Pasteur.

4. Louis Pastuer

5

True or false?
All living things consist of cells.

True

6

In the 1600s, ________________ used glass lenses of his own creation to be the first person to view the cells of microorganisms in rainwater.

1. Anton van Leeuwenhoek

2. Robert Hooke

3. Theodor Schwann

4. Louis Pasteur

1. Anton van Leeuwenhoek

7

Which theory states that all organisms are composed of cells?

1. the first law of thermodynamics

2. the theory of spontaneous generation

3. the cell theory

4. the theory of natural selection

3. the cell theory

8

Cells arise from

preexisting cells

9

Robert Hooke, inspired by an approaching meeting with The Royal Society, designed a

microscope

10

In 1838 and 1839, Matthias Schleiden and
Theodor Schwann unified ____ _____ _________, extending it to
include the plant and animal kingdoms.

the cell theory

11

The major tenets of the cell theory are that

1. The use of newly invented microscopes

2. The cell is the smallest structural unit of living organisms.

3. The development of lenses

4. Cells arise from preexisting cells.

5. Both 1 and 2

6. Both 2 and 4

7. None of the above

ANSWER IS #6. Both 2 and 4

2. The cell is the smallest structural unit of living organisms.

4. Cells arise from preexisting cells.