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Excursions to the South Pole

Roald Amundsen, a Norwegian, wanted to be the first to reach the North Pole. He was disappointed when Robert Peary beat him in 1909. He then set his sights on the South Pole. In 1911, three weeks before the arrival of Robert Scott, he made it to the South Pole and planted the Norwegian flag. Five years later, Ernest Shackleton proposed the idea to be the first to cross Antarctica. However, this expedition failed. The ship was trapped in ice for almost a year before succumbing to its fate and being swallowed up by the ice, stranding the crew on the ice.

2

World War I: Part 1

There were five main reasons for the start of World War 1. The first, nationalism, was the result of Napoleon messing up the European geography. The second, economic competition, was due to increased trade throughout Europe. The third, nations forming alliances, caused "sides" to form when two nations disagreed. The fourth, secret diplomacy, caused everyone to not trust each other. The fifth, militarism, was because new weapons were being created and everyone was eager to test them on their closest disliked neighbor! :)

3

World War I: Part 2

After Germany tried offering Mexico land that they had lost to the US, the United States declared war on Germany. The Germans attempted to break through the allied forces on the Western Front before the doughboys arrived, but failed in part due to the brilliant work orchestrated by Sir Arthur William Currie of Canada. A ceasefire was signed on November 11th. This is the origin of the American holiday "Veteran's Day", and how World War I was concluded.