Herb 521 Module 1 Flashcards


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created 2 years ago by Beth_Pruis_Haley
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Finding your way around a molecule
updated 2 years ago by Beth_Pruis_Haley
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1

Alcohol in shorthand

ROH

2

Aldehyde in shorthand

RCHO

3

Alkene in shorthand

R2CCR2

4

Alkyne in shorthand

RCCR

5

Amide in shorthand

RCONR2

6

Amine in shorthand

R3N

7

Carboxylic acid in shorthand

RCOOH or RCO2R

8

Ether in shorthand

ROR

9

Ketone in shorthand

RCOR

10

Ester in shorthand

RCOOR or RCO2R

11

Nitrile in shorthand

RCN

12
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ester

13
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ketone

14
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cycloalkine

15
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arene/benzene

16

(CH3)3N

tertiary amine

17

CH3CH2OH

alcohol

18
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alkene/isobutylene

19
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aldehyde

20
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amine

21
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amine

22
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halide

23
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ester

24
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ether

25
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ketone

26
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ester

27
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halide

28
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carboxylic acid

29
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ketone

30
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carboxylic acid

31
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ketone

32
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amine

33
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ether

34
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aldehyde

35
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aldehyde

36
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ketone

37
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alcohol

38
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alcohol

39
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aldehyde

40

How many bonds can H have?

one

41

How many bonds can oxygen have?

two

42

How many bonds can Nitrogen have?

three

43

How many bonds can carbon have?

four

44

The prefix meth- indicates how many carbons?

one

45

The prefix eth- indicates how many carbons

two

46

The prefix prop- indicates how many carbons?

three

47

The prefix but- indicates how many carbons?

four

48

The prefix pent- indicates how many carbons?

five

49

The prefix hex- indicates how many carbons?

six

50

The suffix -ane tells you what about the carbons?

carbon carbon single bonds

51

The suffix -ene tells you what about the carbons?

there is a double bond between two carbons

52

The suffix -yne tells you what about the carbons?

triple bond between two carbons

53

What does the suffix -al tell you?

The molecule is an aldehyde, RCHO

54

What does the suffix -ol tell you?

The molecule has a hyroxyl group -OH and is an alcohol

55

What does the suffix -one tell you?

The molecule is a ketone with double-bonded oxygen, RC0R

56

A carbon atom has six electrons. How many participate in bonding?
Two
Four
Six
One

Four

57

Atoms are the smallest pieces of an element that have the properties and behavior of the element.
False
True

True

58

Elements are made of particles called __________.
Neutrons
Protons
Electrons
All of the listed

All of the listed

59

How many bonds does a carbon atom form?
One
Two
Three
Four

Four

60

How many bonds does a hydrogen atom form?
One
Two
Three
Four

One

61

How many bonds does a nitrogen atom form?
One
Two
Three
Four

Three

62

How many carbon atoms are in one molecule of ethanol C2H5OH?
One
Two
Five
Six

Two

63

How many oxygen atoms are in one molecule of ethanol C2H5OH?
One
Two
Five
Six

one

64

The shorthand for the alcohol group is __________.
RCCR
ROH
ROR
RCOR

ROH

65

The shorthand for the aldehyde group is __________.
RCHO
RCOOH
RCOOR
RCN

RCHO

66

The shorthand for the alkyne group is __________.
RCCR
ROH
ROR
RCOR

RCCR

67

The shorthand for the carboxylic acid group is __________.
RCHO
RCOOH
RCOOR
RCN

RCOOH

68

The shorthand for the ether group is __________.
RCCR
ROH
ROR
RCOR

ROR

69

The shorthand for the ester group is __________.
RCHO
RCOOH
RCOOR
RCN

RCOOR

70

The shorthand for the ketone group is __________.
RCCR
ROH
ROR
RCOR

RCOR

71

The shorthand for the nitrile group is __________.
RCHO
RCOOH
RCOOR
RCN

RCN

72

What is the formula for a molecule of ethane that contains two carbon atoms and six hydrogen atoms?
CH4
C2H2
C2H6
C6H6

C2H6

73

What is the formula for a molecule of methane that contains one carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms?
CH4
C2H2
C2H6
C6H6

CH4

74

When elements combine, they form compounds.
True
False

True

75

Which atom contains eight electrons and eight protons?
Carbon
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
Oxygen

Oxygen

76

Which atom contains seven electrons and seven protons?
Carbon
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
Oxygen

Nitrogen

77

Which atom has six electrons and six protons?
Carbon
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
Oxygen

Carbon

78

Which is the smallest atom and consists of one proton orbited by one electron?
Carbon
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
Oxygen

Hydrogen

79

Which of the following atoms is the most electronegative?
Carbon
Fluorine
Nitrogen
Oxygen

Fluorine

80

Which of the following atoms is the least electronegative?
Carbon
Fluorine
Nitrogen
Oxygen

Carbon

81

Which of the following atoms is the least electronegative?
Bromine
Chlorine
Fluorine
Iodine

Iodine

82

Which of the following is a compound?
Ethanol
Hydrogen
Oxygen
Neon

Ethanol

83

Which of the following is an element?
Ethanol
Hydrogen
Table salt
Water

Hydrogen

84

Which of the following molecules has a linear shape?
CO2
BF3
H2O
CH4

CO2

85

Which of the following molecules has a tetrahedral shape?
CO2
BF3
H2O
CH4

CH4

86

Which of the following molecules has a trigonal planar shape?
CO2
BF3
H2O
CH4

BF3