MT_Chp1 Flashcards


Set Details Share
created 2 years ago by ahern139
8 views
Intro to medical terminology
Subjects:
bio 33
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

endo-

within

2

metr/i

uterus

Ex. endo-metri-osis: pathological condition in which endometrial tissue has been displaced in the pelvic cavity

3

-osis

-ism

-ity

condition

Ex. endometri-osis, necr-osis

microorgan-ism

morbid-ity

4

adhes (R)

stuck to

Ex. adhes-ion: process of being stuck together

5

abate (Vocab)

to lessen, decrease, or cease

Ex. The patient's arthritic pain did not abate, even though she followed the prescription.

6

-ion

process

7

chem/o

chemical

8

-therapy

treatment

9

-grade

a step

10

-meter

measure

11

ex-

out

12

cis (R)

to cut

13

abduct

to lead away from the middle

14

adduct

to lead toward the middle

15

arteritis

inflammation of the artery

16

arthritis

inflammation of a joint

17

ecto-

out, outside, outer

18

inter-

between

19

intra-

within

20

para-

beside, alongside, abnormal

Ex. para-centesis: surgical puncture of a body cavity for fluid removal

-centesis = surgical puncture

21

per-

through

22

peri-

around

23

super-

above, beyond

24

supra-

above, beyond

25

-poiesis

formation

26

-ptosis

prolapse, drooping, sagging, falling down

27

-ptysis

spitting

28

-rrhage

-rrhagia

to burst forth, bursting forth

29

-rrhaphy

suture

30

-rrhea

flow, discharge

31

-rrhexis

rupture

32

-scopy

visual examination, to view, examine

Ex. laparo-scopy

33

-tome

instrument to cut

34

-tomy

incision

35

-tripsy

crushing

36

-trophy

nourishment, development

Ex. a-trophy: absence of development

37

plural ending of 'a' as in bursa

-ae

bursae

38

plural ending of 'ix' as in appendix

-ices

appendices

39

plural ending of 'nx' as in phalanx

-ges

phalanges

40

plural ending of 'on' as in spermatozoon

-a

spermatozoa

41

plural ending of 'um' as in ovum

-a

ova

42

HIPAA

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

43

ab-

away from

44

norm (R)

rule

45

-al

-ous

-ary

-ic

-ar

pertaining to

Examples

palm-ar

46

abscess

localized collection of pus

47

acute

sudden, sharp, severe

48

afferent

carrying impulses toward a center

Ex. afferent signal are carried from the PNS to the CNS

49

ambulatory

condition of being able to walk, not confined to bed

50

antidote

substance given to counteract poisons and their effects

51

pyret (R)

fever

Ex. anti-pyret-ic: Pertaining to an agent that is used to lower a fever

anti = against; pyret = fever; ic = pertaining to

52

sept (R)

putrefaction

Ex. anti-sept-ic: Pertaining to an agent that works against sepsis (putrefaction)

anti=against; sept=putrefication; ic=pertaining to

53

apathy

condition in which one lacks feelings and emotions; indifferent

54

sepsis

decay

Ex. a-sepsis: without decay

a=without; sepsis=decay

55

-ary

pertaining to

Ex. axill-ary: pertaining to armpit

56

-opsy

to view

Ex. bi(o)-opsy: surgical removal of tissue for examination (plural - biopsies)

57

cac-

bad

58

-hexia

condition

Ex. cac-hexia: condition of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting. (occurs in chronic diseases such as cancer and pulmonary tuberculosis)

59

chronic

pertaining to time; denotes a disease with little change or of slow progression; opposite of acute

60

dia-

through

61

-gnosis

knowledge

Ex. dia-gnosis: Process of identifying a disease or disorder

pro-gnosis: a state of foreknowledge

62

-phoresis

to carry

Ex. dia-phoresis: to carry through sweat glands; profuse sweating

63

disease

lack of ease; pathological condition of body that presents a series of symptoms and signs

64

infect (R)

to infect

65

-ant

forming

Ex. dis-infect-ant: chemical used to destroy pathogens

dis=apart; infect=to infect; ant= forming

66

efferent

carrying impulses away from the center

67

empathy

ability to sense intellectually and emotionally the feelings of another person

68

epi-

upon

69

dem (R)

people

70

-ic

pertaining to

71

epidemic

pertaining to upon the people; rapid widespread occurrence of an infectious disease

72

eti/o

cause

Ex. etiology: study of the causes of disease

73

febrile

pertaining to fever; temp above 98.6 F

74

gram

cubic cm or mL of water = weight of gram

75

hetero-

different

76

gene (R)

formation

77

liter

1000mL or 33.8 fl oz or1.0567qt

78

malaise

general feeling of discomfort, uneasiness

79

malign (R)

bad kind

Ex. malign-ant: Literally means formation of bad kind; growing worse; harmful; cancerous

80

milligram (mg)

one-thousandth of a weight

0.0001 g

81

milliliter (mL)

0.001 L

82

morbid (R)

sick

Ex. morbid-ity: condition of being diseased or sick

83

mortality

being human, subject to death; refers to death rate reflected by the population in a given region, age, range or other relevant grouping

84

necr (R)

death

Ex. necrosis: abnormal condition of tissue death

85

onc/o

tumor

86

pallor

paleness, lack of color

87

palmar

pertaining to the palm of the hand

palm= hand

-ar = pertaining to

88

prophylact (R)

guarding

Ex. prophylact-ic: pertaining to or protecting against disease or pregnancy

89

-genic

formation; produce

Ex. pyrogenic: pertaining to the formation of fire

90

rapport

pronounce "rapor" means relationship of understanding between two individuals, especially between the patient and the physician

91

sequela

late effect or condition produced; abnormal condition that follows and is the result of a disease, treatment, or injury

Ex. deafness after treatment with ototoxic drug (ot/o = ear; tox=poison; -ic=pertaining to)

92

syn-

together, with

93

-drome

that which runs together

Ex. syn-drome: a group of signs and symptoms occurring together that characterize a specific disease or pathological condition

94

triage

a system of prioritizing and classifying patient injuries to determine who gets priority treatment

95

CC

chief complaint

96

Bx

Dx

Bx= biopsy

Dx = diagnosis

97

ENT

ear, nose, throat (larynx), (otorhinolaryngology)

98

Ht

OP

P

R

Wt

Ht=height

OP = outpatient

P = pulse

R = respiration

Wt = weight

99

ICD

CDC

International Classification of Diseases

Centers for Disease Control and prevention