01. Anatomy Lab - Introduction to Anatomy

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created 4 weeks ago by MariaJaimes
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Just a quick overview of the material that is not already covered in lecture notes flashcards
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1

A cut that divides the body into right and left sides is a...

sagittal plane

2

The belly or front of the torso is called the...

anterior

3

The cavity containing the brain is the...

cranial cavity

4

A cut that divides the body into anterior and posterior is a...

frontal or coronal plane

5

The space between membranes that surround the heart is called the...

pericardial cavity

6

The cavity containing the heart and lungs is the...

thoracic cavity

7

A cut that divides the body into dorsal and ventral parts is a...

frontal or coronal plane

8

The term used to describe "away from or to the side of the midline" is...

lateral

9

The space between the lungs is called the...

mediastinum

10

In what cavity is the... brain

the cranial cavity

11

In what cavity is the... stomach

the abdominal cavity

12

In what cavity is the... heart

the pericardial cavity

13

In what cavity is the... small intestines

the abdominal cavity

14

In what cavity is the... spinal cord

the vertebral cavity

15

In what cavity is the... pancreas

the abdominal cavity

16

In what cavity is the... lungs

the pleural cavity

17

In what space is the... esophagus

in the mediastinum

18

In what cavity is the... uterus

the pelvic cavity

19

In what cavity is the... liver

the abdominal cavity

20

The human head is __ to the neck

superior

21

The elbow is __ to the wrist

proximal; superior

22

The neck is __ to the head

inferior

23

The eye is __ to the nose

superior; lateral

24

The mouth is __ to the ears

medial; inferior

25

Esophagus name the

  • specific body cavity
  • organ system it belongs to
  • two other organs in that system
  • two functions of that system
  • thoracic cavity
  • digestive
  • liver, stomach, small intestine, large intestine
  1. mechanically and chemically digests food materials, and absorbs nutrients
  2. expels waste
26

Note about the mediastinum.

it is technically a space, not a specific cavity

27

Trachea...

  • thoracic cavity
  • respiratory
  • bronchi, lungs, pharynx, larynx, nose cavity, nose
  1. gas exchange between blood and the air in the lungs
  2. olfaction (smell), speech
28

Heart...

  • pericardial cavity
  • cardiovascular
  • veins and arteries
  1. transport oxygen, nutrients, and hormones throughout the body
  2. pick up waste products
29

Stomach...

  • abdominal cavity
  • digestive
  • liver, small intestine, large intestine
  1. mechanically and chemically digest food material and absorb nutrients
  2. expels waste products
30

Uterus...

  • pelvic cavity
  • reproductive
  • ovary, uterine tube, vagina, mammary glands
  1. produces female sex cells
  2. supports and nourishes the growth and development of a fetus. site of fertilization
31

Colon (large intestine)...

  • abdominopelvic cavity
  • digestive
  • stomach, liver, esophagus, small intestine
  1. mechanically and chemically digests food material and absorbs nutrients
  2. expels waste products
32

Liver...

  • abdominal cavity
  • digestive
  • liver, stomach, esophagus, small and large intestine
  1. mechanically and chemically digests food material and absorbs nutrients
  2. expels waste products
33

Kidneys...

  • abdominal cavity
  • urinary
  • ureters, urethra, urinary bladder
  1. filters blood
  2. excretes waste/ excess salt
34

Spleen...

  • abdominal cavity
  • lymphatic
  • lymph nodes, tonsils, thymus
  1. transports and filters lymph
  2. initiates immune response
35

Adrenal Glands...

  • abdominal cavity
  • endocrine
  • ovaries, the thyroid gland, pancreas
  1. secretes hormones to regulate the body
  2. secrets hormones for reproduction functions

Hormonal control

36

Pancreas...

  • abdominal cavity
  • endocrine
  • ovaries, thyroid gland, adrenal glands
  1. secretes hormones to regulate the body
  2. secretes hormones for reproduction functions
37

Lungs...

  • thoracic cavity
  • respiratory
  • trachea, bronchi, pharynx, larynx
  1. gas exchange between blood and the air in the lungs
  2. olfaction (smell), speech
38

Brain...

  • cranial cavity
  • nervous
  • the spinal cord, eye, peripheral nerves
  1. controls body movement
  2. responsible for memory, intelligence, consciousness