Concept of legal issues

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 2 weeks ago by Wendyleewilliams
1 view
Concept of legal issues
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Which scenario should the nurse recognize as an example of failing to assess and monitor a​ client?

A. The nurse fails to notify the healthcare provider in a timely manner when conditions warrant it.

B. The nurse fails to document a​ client's allergy, and the client has an allergic reaction to a medication.

C. The nurse fails to act on prescribed​ orders, and the client suffers an adverse event.

D. The nurse fails to treat the client who reports a​ headache, and the client subsequently has a stroke.

The nurse fails to treat the client who reports a​ headache, and the client subsequently has a stroke.

2

Which statement should the nurse recognize as being correct regarding nursing​ negligence? (Select all that​ apply.) A. It occurs without the deliberate intent to bring harm to another individual.

B. It is a crime.

C. It is an unintentional tort.

D. It is conduct that deviates from what a reasonable individual would do in a particular circumstance.

E. It is conduct deviating from the standard of practice dictated by the profession.

ACD

3

The nurse does not turn a client as​ ordered, and the client develops a pressure injury. Which legal concept​ applies?

A. Breach of duty

B. False imprisonment

C. Foreseeability

D. Scope of practice

Rationale: A Breach of duty, A duty is a legally enforceable compulsion to act based on competency and experience. Not doing what should be done in this situation represents a breach of​ duty, which is defined as a deviation from the standard of care owed to the client. Foreseeability is another aspect of​ negligence, in that the nurse should have known the consequences of not performing the duty. Scope of practice and false imprisonment do not apply to this situation.

4

A client requires a longer length of stay because a nurse does not administer an ordered medication or document why the medication was not given. Which legal concept applies in this​ case?

A. Scope of practice

B. Breach of duty

C. Failure to act as a client advocate

D. Failure to follow standards of care

D. Failure to follow standards of care

5

The nurse documents that a client who has an infected leg developed a rapid heart​ rate, decreased blood​ pressure, and a fever of 101.8degreesF but does not report them to the provider. Two days​ later, the​ client's leg must be amputated due to severe infection and gangrene. Which legal concept​ applies?

A. Failure to document

B. Failure to act as a client advocate

C. Failure to follow standards of care

D. Failure to communicate

D. Failure to communicate

6

The client asks the​ nurse, "Why am I receiving this​ medication?" Which action should the nurse take if not familiar with the​ medication?

A. Looking up information on the medication and telling the client the reason it is being given

B. Holding the medication and documenting that the client refused

C. Instructing the client to tell the nurse the reason why the client thinks the medication is being given

D. Leaving the​ client's oral medication at the bedside and allowing the client to decide whether to take it

A. Looking up information on the medication and telling the client the reason it is being given

7

Which action by the nurse correctly exemplifies the seven rights of medication​ administration? (Select all that​ apply.) A. Verifying the right medication by asking the​ client, "Is this what you normally take at​ home?"

B. Checking for the right frequency by looking at the​ client's chart

C. Checking for the right dose by performing a dose calculation and checking the medication

D. Documenting administration of the prescribed order in the client record

E. Checking the prescribed order and looking at the time

C. Checking for the right dose by performing a dose calculation and checking the medication

D. Documenting administration of the prescribed order in the client record

E. Checking the prescribed order and looking at the time

8

The nurse planning to administer a blood pressure medication finds that the client is​ pale, diaphoretic, and tachycardic and has a blood pressure of​ 60/44 mmHg. Which action should the nurse​ take?

A. Giving the medication but continuing to monitor the client

B. Giving the medication as ordered

C. Repeating vital signs in 30 minutes

D. Holding the medication and notifying the provider

D. Holding the medication and notifying the provider

9

The nurse administers an incorrect medication to a client and realizes the error a few minutes later. Which action should the nurse​ perform?

A. Complete an incident report and document the report in the medical record.

B. Document the error but do not complete an incident report unless the client has an adverse reaction.

C. Complete an incident report but do not document the report in the medical record.

D. Do not complete an incident report because the client did not experience any adverse effect.

C. Complete an incident report but do not document the report in the medical record.

10

A nurse makes a significant medication error. Which information should the nurse expect the risk manager to ask​ about?

A. Any process that was in place that allowed the error to occur

B. If the nurse will agree to have the error reported

C. The hours the nurse worked the previous day

D. Whether the nurse intended to commit the error

A. Any process that was in place that allowed the error to occur

11

All clients have the right to be cared for by a competent and safe nurse according to which guideline for nursing​ care?

A. Standards of practice

B. Licensing process

C. Code of ethics

D. Nurse practice acts

A. Standards of practice

12

The nurse is teaching a class regarding standards of care in nursing. Which statement by a participant indicates an​ understanding? (Select all that​ apply.)

A. ​"The Joint Commission is the primary agency responsible for establishing nursing standards of​ care."

B. ​"Nurse practice acts and administrative rules form the basis of the standard of care for​ nurses."

C. ​"The American Nurses​ Association's standards of practice are the prevailing national nursing​ standard."

D. ​"Employers can​ limit, but not​ expand, the nursing scope of​ practice."

E. ​"The nurse's specific job description will aid in defining the standard of​ care."

B. ​"Nurse practice acts and administrative rules form the basis of the standard of care for​ nurses."

C. ​"The American Nurses​ Association's standards of practice are the prevailing national nursing​ standard."

D. ​"Employers can​ limit, but not​ expand, the nursing scope of​ practice."

E. ​"The nurse's specific job description will aid in defining the standard of​ care."

......​Rationale: The American Nurses Association​ (ANA), not The Joint​ Commission, is primarily responsible for establishing nursing standards of care. All other choices are correct.......

13

The nurse who lives in New Jersey is working at a hospital in New York but only has one nursing license. Which rule allows the nurse to practice in another​ state?

A. Transition to practice

B. Portability

C. Mutual recognition model

D. Competency certification

C. Mutual recognition model

14

Which requires the nurse to protect the privacy and confidentiality of a​ client's protected health​ information?

A. Standards of practice

B. Code of ethics

C. Nurse practice act

D. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

D. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

15

Which action by the nurse ensures that an order written by a healthcare provider is within the​ nurse's scope of practice in that particular​ state?

A. Referring to the hospital policy

B. Asking the designated supervisor

C. Asking the healthcare provider if the order is permitted

D. Referring to the state nurse practice act

D. Referring to the state nurse practice act

16

Under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability​ Act, which is an acceptable reason to disclose protected health​ information? (Select all that​ apply.)

A. Payment

B. Nurse knowing the client personally

C. Press release

D. Treatment

E. Operations

A. Payment

D. Treatment

E. Operations

17

When a client is being transferred from a hospital to a rehabilitation​ center, the nurse calls to give the rehabilitation center a report. Which information may be disclosed to the rehabilitation​ center?

A. Information related to client preferences

B. Any errors made the​ client's care

C. Anything related to treatment

D. Insurance information

C. Anything related to treatment

18

The nurse suspects that a client is a victim of an assault. Which should be the​ nurse's priority​ action?

A. Documenting the findings and saying nothing to the other team members

B. Looking in the​ client's medical record to see if there is any history of assault or violence

C. Notifying the supervisor and contacting police to report the injuries as suspicious

D. Reporting the suspicion to risk management and asking them to investigate

C. Notifying the supervisor and contacting police to report the injuries as suspicious

19

A client is being transferred from a community hospital to a large urban medical center. Which action should the nurse include when the emergency medical technicians​ (EMTs) request a copy of the​ client's insurance​ information?

A. Asking the​ client's family to provide the information

B. Making a copy or providing the necessary information and giving it to the EMTs

C. Not giving the information

D. Telling the EMTs to get a copy from the hospital business office

B. Making a copy or providing the necessary information and giving it to the EMTs

20

The nurse suspects that a child is a victim of abuse. The department of​ children's services investigates and finds no evidence of abuse. Which describes the consequences to the reporting​ nurse?

A. Good faith immunity will protect the​ nurse, and there will be no negative consequences.

B. The rest of the healthcare team will be questioned and possibly face legal action by the parents.

C. The nurse will be fired and possibly sued.

D. The documentation will need to be changed by the nurse.

A. Good faith immunity will protect the​ nurse, and there will be no negative consequences.