ENT-Module 11

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1

Otitis externa

Infection of the skin of the external auditory canal.

2

Malignant otitis externa

Necrotizing infection of the otologic soft tissues with osteomyelitis of the temporal bone.

3

Ramsay Hunt Syndrome

Severe otalgia and eruption of vesicles of the external ear.

4

Bordetella pertussis is also called?

Whooping cough

5

Superficial laminate proprietary of the vocal cord is known as?

Polypoid corditis, polypoid laryngitis, polypoid degeneratio of the vocal cord or Reinke’s edema

6

Le Fort III fracture is also known as?

Craniofacial disjunction

7

What three regions are the pharynx divided into?

  • Nasopharynx
  • Oropharynx
  • Hypopharynx
8

Major sites within the oropharynx are?

  • Tonsillitis region
  • Base of tongue
  • Soft palate
  • Posterolateral pharyngeal walls
9

What are the “two-hit” process in carcinogenesis?

Initiation & Promotion

10

What are the three most common organisms found with acute sinusitis?

  • S. Pneumoniae
  • H. Influenzae
  • M. Catarrhalis
11

What type of endoscopic procedure is a key method in diagnosing chronic sinusitis?

Nasal Endoscopy

12

How many weeks of oral antibiotics are generally given to treat chronic sinusitis?

3-6 weeks

13

Leukoplakia

White patch’s of the vocal folds that cannot be wiped off of the mucosal surface.

14

This portion of the lip are the majority for lip malignancies.

Lower lip

15

How many intrinsic muscles are the tongue composed of?

4 intrinsic muscles

16

How is the examination of the nasopharynx facilitated?

Flexible or rigid fiber-optic endoscope.

17

The regional lymphatic drainage of the neck is divided into how many levels?

7

18

What does RND stand for?

Radical neck dissection

19

What are the major salivary glands?

  • Parotid
  • Submandibular
  • Sublingual glands
20

What is a Tracheostomy?

Indicated for patients who require prolonged intubation.