SPEECH TEST 1
Communication With Yourself
Interaction between at least two people in a relationship (longterm or shortterm)
Communication that proceeds by questions and answers
Small group communication
Communication among a group of 5-10 people that serve relationship or task needs
communication between a speaker and an audience
Computer Mediated Communication
occurs when you send a message through an electronic device to a receiver
Communication from one source to many receivers who may be scattered all over the world
source to receiver
message is always understood and acted upon
we do not communicate that way
Interaction Model (50's)
Source to receiver then receiver back to source.
You cant think about the message until the message is done and sent. It does not work
Interaction model (60's)
Source sends message to receiver and receiver sends message back to source with noise in between and while that is going on there are verbal messages, feed forward, context, non verbal messages, feedback, and channel.
Encodes message, best way to communicate message to receiver. Shared knowledge of source and receiver by language and jargon.
Verbal or non verbal. Verbal and non verbal not matching. Meta Message. Message overload
message that refers to another message
medium through which message passes. Can be affected by senses
Response returned to source.
information provided before primary message
inference receiving a message. Types: physical noise, psychological, physiological (hearing), semantics (meaning of words).
All communication is distorted by...
same words or behaviors have different meanings when they occur in different settings.
Inevitable, Unrepeatable, and irreversible.
Small Group Communication Characteristics
Small number of people that are related. Share an independent purpose, rely on everyone to be successful. Connected by implied rules that need to be followed to function correctly
Social/Relational small group
Groups formed for interpersonal reasons
Task/Work small groups
group created to accomplish tasks or solve specific problems
most informal, you can a leader present but not required
more formal, can have a leader present but not required
more formal, has a leader, prepared presentations
formal have a leader, prepared, question and answer (forum part)
occurs after a previous negative experience working in groups
rules or standards for appropriate or inappropriate behavior (informal)
behaviors we perform and that others expect us to perform
group task roles
helps the group achieve its goals. INFO GIVER, OPINION GIVER/SEEKER, INITIATOR/CONTRIBUTOR, ELABORATOR, EVALUATOR, PROCEDURAL TECHNICIAN.
Building Maintenance Roles
Helps group maintain interpersonal relationships. ENCOURAGER/HARMONIZER, COMPROMISER, STANDARD SETTER, FOLLOWER.
hinders the group from achieving its goals. AGRESSOR/BLOCKER, RECOGNITION SEEKER, DOMINATOR, SPECIAL INTEREST PLEADER, SOCIAL LOAFER.
Leadership of a group
all members are responsible for the leadership of a group
Becoming a better group member
Be group oriented
center conflict on issues
Be critically open minded
beware of groupthink!
opening stage of conversation
Face to face vs. Mediated communication.
F2F=verbal or nonverbal
open channels of communication, preview future messages
exchange of source and receiver. face to face vs. mediated.
reflects back on the conversation
verbal or nonverbal. face to face vs. mediated
speaker cues. turn maintaining, turn yielding.
turn requesting, turn deny, back channeling
dialogue vs monogolue
Creating a sense of togetherness
sense of being connected, testing occurs, intensifying
committing yourself more fully to the relationship, merging of lives, relationship satisfaction increases, interpersonal commitment, social bonding.
weakening of bonds, intrapersonal dissatisfaction, talk to yourself
pause during deterioration to try to mend relationship
cutting bonds that tie together, interpersonal or social or public separation.