BSC 2011 LAB MIDTERM REVIEW

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biology ii
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1

structures that share similar anatomical features and embryonic development are said to be

homologous

2

_ dating involves age-dating fossils with known time periods grouped into four eras that represent distinct ages in the history of life on earth

relative

3

_ is the process by which a species or group of related species evolves rapidly into many different species that occupy new habitats or geographic zones

adaptive radiation

4

the process of natural selection favors traits that

confer a survival advantage

5

PICTURE which of the following would be the outgroup in the cladogram depicting the evolutionary relationships in vertebrates

hagfish

6

in binomial nomenclature, organisms are given a two-part scientific name, the first of which is the and the second of which is the

genus, species

7

a key consists o a series of pairs coaches used for identifying organisms

dichotomous

8

the scientific study of the kinds of organisms, their diversity, and their evolutionary relationship is known as

systematics

9

classifies organisms into hierarchies based on their evolutionary ancestry

cladistics

10

which of the following is characteristic of macroevolution

Macroevolution refers to changes in llelic frequencies within a population.

OR occurs above the species level

11

what flagellate exists in symbiotic relationship with termites

trichonympha

12

green algae can be found growing on

all of the above... sidewalks, auto, trees

13

the amoeba uses to capture food

pseudopodia

14

female volvox spp. are different from the male volvox spp. because they produce

macrogametes

15

PICTURE name this flagellate

the pic has purple lines and being circles

trypanosoma sp.

16

protists can function in the environment as

all of the above.. autotrophs, heterotrophs, parasites

17

is the organism responsible for causing african sleeping sickness

trypanosoma Brucei

18

PICTURE name this amoeba-like organism

blue background black starlike figure with black circle

radiolarian

19

PICTURE name this organism

blue background green v shaped figure

spirogyra

20

many liverworts develop a symbiotic relationship with fungi, which enter through what part of the liver wort

rhizoids

21

the alteration of generations means that

the spore-producing stage is alternating with the sex cell producing stage

22

nonvascular plants are generally low to the ground because they

cannot transport nutrients

23

microspores of ferns are contained in what structure

microsporangiangium

24

have elaters that help the wind carry their spores

horsetails

25

spores in the horsetail are released from the

sporangiophore

26

the last life cycle stage in sporophyte 2n generation of the fern is the

zygote

27

PICTURE this picture shows what stage of the life cycle of the moss

gametophyte

28

which of the following characteristics are representative of seedless vascular plants

all of the above

29

in liverworts, an egg is produced in the

archegonium

30

the pericarp of a fruit contains which region

all of the above.. exocarp endocarp mesocarp

31

a plant that has would be classified as a monocot

three flower parts

32

seeds of a gymnosperm mature on the surface of the

cone scale

33

the foul-smelling odor of the ginkgo biloba comes from its

speed coat

34

seed plants, also known as are divided into the gymnosperms and angiosperms

spermatophytes

35

PICTURE name this part of the plant ovule

arrow is below the beige circle

nucellus

36

this species of gymnosperm has been called a living fossil

ginkgo biloba

37

PICTURE name the structure shown here

arrow pointing at green thing coming out of bean

hypocotyl

38

PICTURE identify the structure labeled as number 7 in the diagram

flower pic, arrow pointing at little seed within the petal

anther

39

the most diverse group of plants is the

angiosperm

40

the shoot system of a plant consists of all the following except

a root apex

41

xylem and phloem are compounds of

vascular tissue

42

specialized cells that protect roots from abrasive soil are found in the

root cap

43

PICTURE which type of leaf arrangement is shown here

a pinnately compound

44

the epidermis in woody plants is replaced by what tissue

periderm

45

PICTURE name this area of the root

apical meristem

46

collenchyma tissue can be found in

stems

47

which properties of water allow it to move up from the roots

a and c.

.. adhesion

48

fibers and lignin in plants are found in which type of tissue

sclerenchyma

49

succulent leavers are modified for

water retention

50

an ascogonium is a

female gametangium

51

what occurs when a sporangiospore of a zygomycete lands on a

a b & c

hyphae, germination,

52

which of the following is not a property of fungi

prokaryotic

53

zygomycetes lack what structure

septa

54

PICTURE name this phylum to which this species belongs to

looks like a muschroom

ascomycota

55

name the largest phylum of fungi

ascomycota

56

lichens are sensitive to

air pollution

57

most fungi have cell walls composed of

chitin

58

hyphae in fungi are connected to adjacent hyphae by which of the following

crosswall pores

59

the role of the fungus in a mycorrhizal relationship is that of

helping the plant take in phosphate and other nutrients