Chapter 8

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1

Appendicular skeleton

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Pectoral Girdle

Upper limbs

Pelvic Girdle

Lower limbs

2

Bones of the Pectoral Girdle

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Clavicle and Scapula

3

Clavicle

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Facet for articulation w/ acromion

Acromial end

Sternal end

Conoid turbercle

Costal Turosity

Sternal facet

4

Scapula Anterior view

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Acromion

Coraciod process

Superior border

Superior angle

Lateral angle

Subcapular fossa

Lateral border

Medial border

Superior border

superior angle

Medial border

Inferior angle

5

Scapula lateral View

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Supreglenoid tubercle

Acromion

Coracoid process

Spine

Glenoid cavity

Lateral Border

Inferior angle

6

Scapula Posterior view

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Supraspinous fossa

Coracoid process

Acromion

Superior borber

neck

spine

infraspinous fossa

medial border

lateral border

Inferior angle

7

Upper Limb Bones

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Humerus

Radius

Ulna

Of the Hand:

Carpal Bones

Metacarpals

Phalanges

8

Humerus Anterior Surface

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Greater Tubercle

Lesser Tubercle

Intertubercular Sulcus

Head

Anatomical neck

Surgical neck

Deltoid tuberosity

Shaft

Radial Fossa

Lateral epicondyle

Coronoid Fossa

Medial Epicondyle

Capitulum Trochlea (Condyle)

9

Elbow Joint Anterior view

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Radial Fossa

Capitulum

Trochlea

Medial Epicondyle

Head of Radius

Coronoid process of ulna

10

Elbow Joint Posterior View

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Trochlea of humerus

Olecranon Fossa

Medial Epicondyle

Olecranon

Head of radius

11

Ulna & Radius Anterior view

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Trochlear Notch

Coronoid Process

Radius notch

Head Of Radius

Ulnar turbersoity

Radial turebersoity

Interosseous membrane

Distal radio-ulnar joint

radial Styoloid process

Head of ulna

12

Ulna & Radius Posterior view

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Olecranon

Proximal Radio-ulnar joint

Head of ulna

Ulnar Styloid process

Head of radius

neck Of radius

Interosseous membrane

Ulnar notch of radius

Radial Styoid process

13

Carpal bones

So Long The Pinky

Here Come The Tumb

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Scaphoid

Lunate

triquetrum

Pisiform

Trapezium

Traoezoid

Capitate

Hamate

14

Metacarpals bones

lateral to medial

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I

II

III

IV

V

15

Phalanges pollex

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Proximal Phalanx

Distal Phalanx

16

Phalanges

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Proximal

Middle

Distal

17

Trochlear notch

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Olecranon

Trochlear notch

Coronoid Process

Radial Notch

Ulnar tuberosity

18

Pelvic Girdle

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Hip Bone

19

Hip Bone lateral view

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Posterior superior iliac spine

Greater sciatic notch

Ischial spine

Lesser sciatic notch

Obturator foramen

Ischial Tuberosity

iliac crest

anterior superior iliac spine

anterior inferior iliac spine

ischial ramus

20

Hip bone Gluteal line Lateral view

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Anterior

Inferior

Posterior

21

Hip bone Acetbulum lateral view

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lunate surface

Acteblum

Acteblem notch

22

Hip bone Pubis Lateral view

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Superior publc ramus

Public Tubercle

Inferior Pubic Ramus

23

Hip bones Medial Views

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Iliac crest

Anterior superior iliac spine

Anterior inferior iliac spine

Auriculat surface for articulation for articulation with sacrum

Iliac tuberosity

Posterior superior

Iliac spine

Greater sciatic notch

Artcuate line

Lesser sciatic notch

Pectineal line

Ischial tuberosity

Ischial ramus

location of Public Symphysis

24

Hip Bones Anterior View

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Lumber disc

Sacro-iliac joint

Arcuate line

Acetabulum

Pubic Tubercle

Obturator Formen

Iliac crest

Ilium

Pubis

Pubic symphysis

Ischium

25

Hip Bones Posterior View

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Iliac crest

Sacral Foramina

Posterior Superior iliac spine

Posterior Inferior iliac spine

Greater sciatic notch

Ischial spine

Iscial tuberosity

26

Hip Bone Superior View

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False pelvis

Pelvic outlet

Pelvic Brim

Pelvic inlet

True pelvis

27

Lower Limbs bones

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Femur

Petella

Tibia & Fibula

Tarsal Bones

Metatarsals

Phalanges

28

Femur Anterior view

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Neck

head

Greater trochanter

Intertrochanteric line

lesser trochanter

shaft

Patellar suface

Lateral epiondyle

lateral condyle

Adductor tubercle

medial eipcondyle

medial condyle

29

Femur Posterior View

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Fovea Capitis

head

Lesser trochanter

neck greater trochanter

intertrochanteric crest

Gluteal Tuberosity

Pectineal line

linea aspera

lateraal supracondylar ridge

Medial supracondylar ridge

Adductor tubercle

medial epicondyle

medial condyle

Intercondylar fossa

Lateral Epicondyle

Lateral Condyle

30

Patella Anterior view

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Base of patella

Attachment area for quadriceps tendon

attachment area for patellar ligament

Apex of petella

31

Patella Posterior View

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Lateral Facet for lateral condyle of femur

Medical facet for medial condyle of femur

Articular surface of patella

32

Patella & femur Inferior view

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Patella

Later facet for lateral condyle of femur

Medial facet for medial condyle of femur

lateral condyle of femur

Medial condyle of femur

33

Tibia & Fibula Anterior view

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Lateral tibial condyle

Head of fibula

superior tibiofibular joint

lateral malleolus

medial tibial condyle

Tibial Tubersosity

Interossrous membrane

anterior margin

Medial malleolus

inferior articular surface

Tiba

Fibula

34

Tibia & Fibula Posterior View

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Articular surface of medial tibial condyle

Medial tibial condyle

tiba

medial malleolus

Intercondylar eminence

articular surface of lateral tibial condyle

lateral tibial condyle

head of fibula

Interososseous membrane

fibula

Inferior Tibiofibular joint

Lateral Malleolus

35

Transverse Tibia & Posterior View

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Anterior margin

Tibia

Interosseous membrane

Fibula

36

Superior view Ankle (tarsal bones)

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Calcaneus

Trochlea of talus

Navicular

Cuboid

Cuneriform bones lateral

Intermediate

Medial

37

Lateral view Ankle

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Talus

Cuboid

Navicular

Cuneiform Bones

Calcaneous

38

Metatarsals Of The Foot Superior view

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V
IV
III
II
I

39

Metatarsals of the foot Lateral View

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V
IV
III
II
I

40

Phalanges Superior view foot

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Proximal

Middle

Distal

41

Hallux Superior view

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Proximal Phalanx

Distal Phalanx

42

Male Pelvis

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General Appearance:

Narrower, Rougher, more rubust

Ilium:

More vertical, extends further superior to sacro-iliac joint

Sacrum:

Long, narrow triangle with pronounced sacral curvature

Iliac Fossa:

Deeper

Pelvic Inlet:

Narrower, Heart shaped

Pelvicoutlet:

Narrow

Coccyx:

Points anteriorly

Acetabulum:

Directed laterally

Oburatot Foramen:

Oval

Public angle:

less than 90

Bone mass and Density:

Greater

Bone markings:

More prominent

43

Female Pelvis

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General Appearnace:

Broader, smoother, less robust

Ilium:

Less vertical, less extension superior to sacral articulation

Sacrum:

Broad, short triangle with less sarcal curvature

Iliac fossa:

Shallower

Pelvic Inlet:

Open, circular shaped

Pelvic outlet:

Wide

Coccyx:

Points inferiorly

Acetabulum:

Faces slightly anteriorly

Obturator Foramen:

traingular

Pubic angle:

100 or more

Bone mass and Density:

lesser

Bone markings:

less prominent

44

The bones in the body the bear weights are

The fibula, along with the tibia and the tarsals, forms the ankle