AP Bio Lipids, Carbohydrates, and Nucleic Acids

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1

How many Carbons does a Carbohydrate need to form a ring structure?

At least 5

2

What are Monosaccharides?

Have molecular formulas but are usually made up of CH20

3

All monomers do what?

Face the same direction.

4

Why can't animals digest cellulose?

The monomers face different directions and the hydrogen bonds are too strong to break. No animal can digest.

5

What is Glycogen?

It is found in animal muscles . All monomers face the same direction and have straight branches of chains.

6

Lipids are what and why?

Lipids are hydrophobic because of the non polar bond between Carbon and Hydrogen.

7

A fatty acid is what?

A long chain of carbon skeleton.

8

What is a saturated fat?

No double bonds between carbon atoms and it has to be saturated by adding a hydrogen atom.

9

What is an unsaturated fat?

There are one or more double bonds with one fewer hydrogen atom.

10

What is a nucleotide consisted of?

At least 5 carbon sugar(pentose), a phosphate group, a nitrogenous base