AP Bio Lipids, Carbohydrates, and Nucleic Acids
How many Carbons does a Carbohydrate need to form a ring structure?
At least 5
What are Monosaccharides?
Have molecular formulas but are usually made up of CH20
All monomers do what?
Face the same direction.
Why can't animals digest cellulose?
The monomers face different directions and the hydrogen bonds are too strong to break. No animal can digest.
What is Glycogen?
It is found in animal muscles . All monomers face the same direction and have straight branches of chains.
Lipids are what and why?
Lipids are hydrophobic because of the non polar bond between Carbon and Hydrogen.
A fatty acid is what?
A long chain of carbon skeleton.
What is a saturated fat?
No double bonds between carbon atoms and it has to be saturated by adding a hydrogen atom.
What is an unsaturated fat?
There are one or more double bonds with one fewer hydrogen atom.
What is a nucleotide consisted of?
At least 5 carbon sugar(pentose), a phosphate group, a nitrogenous base