Week 1

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created 4 months ago by LoriA
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Week 1 Readings
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1

What is an ethical theory?

A theory that describes what is considered to be right or wrong and also how we can decide what is right or wrong.

2

True or False?

Questions of ethics can be objectively discussed.

True

3

What is an ethical claim?

Ethical claims tell us how the world ought to be.

4

What is a fact?

Facts describe the world as it is.

5

What is a preference?

Preferences are what we like or want.

6

What is a moral judgment?

A moral judgement tells us what our duties are or what we ought to do.

7

All ethical arguments begin with ________________________.

An arbitrary and unprovable assumption

8

To deliberate with others about what is right or wrong we must ___________________.

Agree with them about our basic assumptions.

9

__________________ ethical theory says that an action is right if it results in the greatest benefit for the most people.

Consequentialist

10

____________________ is a consequentialist ethical theory which states that the best policy is what produces the greatest good for the greatest number.

Utilitarianism

11

______________________ ethical theory, in its most familiar version, is "Do unto others as you would have others do unto you."

Nonconsequentialist

12

Ethical theories are valuable because __________________.

They help us to understand and think clearly about ethical decisions.