What is an ethical theory?
A theory that describes what is considered to be right or wrong and also how we can decide what is right or wrong.
True or False?
Questions of ethics can be objectively discussed.
What is an ethical claim?
Ethical claims tell us how the world ought to be.
What is a fact?
Facts describe the world as it is.
What is a preference?
Preferences are what we like or want.
What is a moral judgment?
A moral judgement tells us what our duties are or what we ought to do.
All ethical arguments begin with ________________________.
An arbitrary and unprovable assumption
To deliberate with others about what is right or wrong we must ___________________.
Agree with them about our basic assumptions.
__________________ ethical theory says that an action is right if it results in the greatest benefit for the most people.
____________________ is a consequentialist ethical theory which states that the best policy is what produces the greatest good for the greatest number.
______________________ ethical theory, in its most familiar version, is "Do unto others as you would have others do unto you."
Ethical theories are valuable because __________________.
They help us to understand and think clearly about ethical decisions.