Ch 2 Body Cavities and Organs

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1

cranial

brain

2

thoracic

lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes, thymus gland, aorta

3

abdominal

stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, pancreas, liver, gall bladder

4

pelvic

portions of the small and large intestines, bladder, rectum, urethra, ureters; uterus and vagina in female

5

spinal

nerves of the spinal cord

6

abdomin/o

abdomen

7

adip/o

fat

8

anter/o

front

9

bol/o

to cast (throw)

10

cervic/o

neck (of the body or uterus)

11

chondr/o

cartilage

12

chrom/o

color

13

coccyg/o

coccyx (tailbone)

14

crani/o

skull

15

cyt/o

cell

16

dist/o

far, distant

17

dors/o

back portion of the body

18

hist/o, histi/o

tissue

19

ili/o

ilium (of the pelvic bone)

20

inguin/o

groin

21

kary/o

nucleus

22

later/o

side

23

lumb/o

lower back

24

medi/o

middle

25

nucle/o

nucleus

26

pelv/i

pelvis

27

poster/o

back,behind

28

proxim/o

nearest

29

sacr/o

sacrum

30

sarc/o

flesh

31

spin/o

spine, backbone

32

thel/o, theli/o

nipple

33

thorac/o

chest

34

trache/o

trachea, windpipe

35

umbilic/o

navel, umbilicus

36

ventr/o

belly side of the body

37

vertebr/o

vertebra (e), backbone(s)

38

viscer/o

internal organs

39

ana-

up

40

cata-

down

41

epi-

above

42

hypo-

below

43

inter-

between

44

meta-

change

45

-eal

pertaining to

46

-iac

pertaining to

47

-ior

pertaining to

48

-ism

process, condition

49

-ose

pertaining to, full of

50

-plasm

formation

51

-somes

bodies

52

-type

picture, classification