America: A Narrative History

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America
Chapters 1-4
American History 1301
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history
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1

The most respected theory holds that the ancestors of
the Native Americans (Indians) traveled to the Americas thousands of years ago via a land bridge known as
__________ that connected Siberia to Alaska.

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2

The major crops were beans, squash,
chilies, tomato—the two that would become worldwide staples were __________ and __________.

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3

Following the voyages of Columbus and those who would follow, the highly Advanced Civilizations were the
_________ in Mexico (particularly known for their human sacrifices to appease the gods) and the __________
in Peru.

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4

Besides the Crusades stimulating trade to the East. The 13th Century Italian Explorer _________ goes all the
way to the Far East (China) and writes about his grand adventure that will encourage other Europeans.

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5

When the city of ____________
falls to the Turks and is renamed Istanbul.

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6

Two major examples are found in Spain and England. The royal marriage between Queen ________ (Castile) and King _________ (Aragon) starts Spain’s unity. The Conquest of Granada in January 1492 completes the process.

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7

With that done, who will sail the ocean blue in 1492?

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8

In England two powerful families battle it out for the throne in the Wars of the ________—the House of York (White) and House of Lancaster (Red).

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9

The defeat of Yorkist King Richard III will bring Henry Tudor
(Henry ____) to power as England’s new king from the Lancastrian line.

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10

The Prince Henry, known as the ___________ laid the
foundation by bringing together the best minds at their capital city of Lisbon.

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11

The first significant explorer was ___________ who made it to the southern tip of
Africa the would become known as the Cape of Good Hope.

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12

The most celebrated Portuguese in the country’s
history would be ___________.

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13

After his death in 1506, the Italian
___________ will get the land masses named in his honor.

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14

The Great Biological Exchange between the two worlds will become the __________ _________.

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15

One would be __________, the first European to set foot on the present-day United States when he arrived in Florida.

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16

Another explorer was ____________ who crossed Isthmus of Panama and see the
Pacific Ocean from this side of the world.

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17

Adding strength to the discovery of new land was __________, whose expedition was the first sail around the world (He was killed by natives in the Philippines).

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18

Spain’s westward drive to the East finally pays off in the Americas when ___________ conquered the Aztecs.

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19

He became the Father of New Spain and the mineral wealth will flow to Spain. The other bonanza was due to _________’s conquest of the Incas in Peru.

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20

Due to those big discoveries __________ searched for wealth in the American Southeast. His expedition enters the ___________ River.

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21

His body was floated down the same river after he died of fever. His
contemporary was __________ who searched the American Southwest. His expedition encountered the Grand Canyon. One dies, One lives—no great wealth.

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22

What was the Encomiendas System?

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23

Who was the Spanish priest whose writings were so critical of his fellow countrymen? The atrocities inflicted on native inhabitants that he revealed would be the basis for the “Black Legend.”

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24

The Catholic Church dominated the lives of the Europeans until change came during the Reformation. The two leading figures in the PROTESTANT REFORMATION were the German monk, __________ who started it on October 31, 1517 (no costume—day before “All Saints”) by posting his _______ _____ ______ to
expose the corruption involved in the Sale of Indulgences (People were being led to believe that they could buy their Salvation.) in which he countered with "Justification by Faith.”

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25

About twenty years later, the French theologian _________ wrote his Institutes of Christian Religion emphasizing the Doctrine of ___________. Those individuals he referred to as members of the "Elect."

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26

What were the Lasting Legacies of the Protestant Reformation?

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27

The Protestant Reformation in TUDOR England starts during the reign of King _______ ,"

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28

The first was Catherine of Aragon (daughter of Isabella and Ferdinand)- gave birth to his eldest child ________.

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29

The second was Anne Boleyn- gave birth to ___________

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30

The third was Jane Seymour- gave birth to the future _________ -- she died a
couple of weeks after the birth.

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31

After all the turmoil of the Reformation in England, Queen __________ settles the religious state of England with the Thirty-Nine Articles of Faith.

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32

The major group was the ___________ (They work from within to cleanse or purge the Church of England or Anglican Church of Catholic elements. )

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33

Those who leave the church because they believe all the Catholic elements make it corrupt and must break free to protect their relationship with God become known as the ____________ (in our history they become the Pilgrims).

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34

Back to European Colonization with Spain, France and the Netherlands. Spain builds the oldest city in the country in 1565 with the planting of ____ ____________ as a last effort to protect all that gold and silver leaving for Spain.

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35

France enters the quest late because of religious upheavals internally, but in 1524 sponsor the Italian ________.

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36

The person most responsible for France finding a way to profit was ________ ___ __________. He also entered the St. Lawrence and planted a permanent settlement on the banks of the river at __________ in 1608.

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37

The French were not alone in the Fur Trade—the Dutch wanted a piece of the action. In 1609, the Englishman ___________ claimed present-day New York for the Dutch (their New Netherland) and New York City
would become their ______ ___________.

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38

During the reign of Henry VII (Wars of the Roses’ victor) _________ sailed and landed at Newfoundland for England in 1497.

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39

This is how Portugal gained control of the largest nation of _________ in South America.

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40

Since she is the last of the Tudors, her Catholic cousin ____________ is next in line for the throne

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41

Philip II then used warfare to bring England back to the Catholic family by sending his great fleet, the _________ _________ against England in 1588.

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42

Now to Raleigh, he and Elizabeth financed the colony of __________ , North Carolina (What is the capital of North Carolina?)

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43

England would turn to the use of _______-________ Companies to build overseas colonies.

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44

He was the son of Queen _________ and known for his translation of the Bible presented in 1611.

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45

The settlement was built in the ___________ Bay area on the banks of the James River and becomes JAMESTOWN, VIRGINIA in 1607. They were here 13 years before the Pilgrims at Plymouth Plantation.

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46

The early leader was Captain __________. He had to adopt the motto—“No Work, No Food” to force the English Country Gentlemen to fend for themselves. He is also the one associated with the Native American leader Powhatan and his young daughter __________

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47

They also hold captive the Powhatan’s daughter _________. She would convert to Christianity and marry the Englishman _________ who provided the colony the cash crop of Tobacco that saves the colony.

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48

The early labor force for those tobacco fields were English folk who placed themselves in servitude to get passage to the New World. They were known as _________ _________ . The average contract was seven years.

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49

The rebellion began as an all out attack against Native Americans and then turned on the leadership of the colony. They take on the governor ___________ because of his ineffective leadership.

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50

The other colony by the ___________ Bay was ___________. It was England’s first Proprietary colony in 1634. Proprietors were responsible for every aspect of the colony. The Proprietor of this colony was Lord ____________ (Cecilius Calvert).

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