A&P Midterm Review - Quiz 3 Flashcards


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1

A fracture in the shaft of a bone would be a break in the ________.

A) articular cartilage
B) metaphysis
C) diaphysis
D) epiphysis

C) diaphysis

2

Along with support, the anterior longitudinal ligament of the vertebral column also acts to ________.

A) protect the spinal cord
B) prevent hyperextension of the spine
C) hold the spine erect
D) hold the discs in place

B) prevent hyperextension of the spine

3

True or False?

An osteon contains osteocytes, lamellae, and a central canal, and is found in compact bone only.

TRUE

4

At an archeological site you discover a bone that is cylindrical in shape, about one inch long and a quarter of an inch wide.

A) flat
B) short
C) long
D) irregular

C) long

5

At what age do bones reach their peak density?

a. At birth

b. Early childhood

c. Early adulthood

d. Late adulthood

c. Early adulthood

6

True or False?

Bones are classified by whether they are weight-bearing or protective in function.

FALSE

7

Bones are constantly undergoing resorption for various reasons. Which of the following cells accomplishes this process?

A) osteoclast
B) stem cell
C) osteocyte
D) osteoblast

A) osteoclast

8

Bones are covered and lined by a protective tissue called periosteum. The inner (osteogenic) layer consists primarily of ________.

A) cartilage and compact bone
B) marrow and osteons
C) chondrocytes and osteocytes
D) osteoblasts and osteoclasts

D) osteoblasts and osteoclasts

9

True or False?

Costal cartilages join most ribs to the sternum.

TRUE

10

True or False?

Each consecutive bone lamella has collagen fibers that wrap in alternating directions.

TRUE

11
card image

Using Figure 6.1, match the following bone types with the numbered structure:

1) Bone 1
2) Bone 2
3) Bone 3
4) Bone 4
5) Bone 5
6) Bone 6
7) Bone 7

A. Long
B. Short
C. Flat
D. Irregular
E. Sesamoid

1) Bone 1 C
2) Bone 2 A
3) Bone 3 C
4) Bone 4 D
5) Bone 5 A
6) Bone 6 E
7) Bone 7 B

12
card image

Using Figure 6.2, match the following bone types with the numbered structure:

1) Compact bone
2) Location of the epiphyseal line
3) Area where yellow marrow is found
4) Area with articular cartilage

1) C
2) B
3) D
4) A

13
card image

Using Figure 7.1, match the following:

1) Articulates with hip bones of the pelvis.

2) Attach to ribs.

3) Receive the most stress.

4) Transverse foramina present.

5) No canals or foramen present.

1) D

2) B

3) C

4) A

5) E

14

True or False?

Hematopoiesis refers to the formation of blood cells within the red marrow cavities of certain bones

TRUE

15

True or False?

In newborn infants, the medullary cavity and all areas of spongy bone contain yellow bone marrow.

FALSE

16

True or False?

In the anatomical position, the lateral forearm bone is the radius.

TRUE

17

True or False?

In women of childbearing age, the dimensions of the true pelvis are of utmost importance.

TRUE

18

True or False?

Most of the body's weight is carried by the talus and calcaneus.

TRUE

19

Osteogenesis is the process of ________.

A) bone formation
B) making a cartilage model of the fetal bone
C) making collagen fibers for calcified cartilage
D) bone destruction to liberate calcium

A) bone formation

20

Prevention of osteoporosis includes adequate intake of _____.

a) calcium and vitamin D

b) potassium and vitamin D

c) calcium and vitamin E

d) vitamin D and chloride

a) calcium and vitamin D

21

Spongy bone contains ________.

A) lamellar bone
B) osseous lamellae
C) trabeculae
D) osteons

C) trabeculae

22

The axial skeleton includes ________.

A) skull, vertebral column, thoracic cage

B) upper limbs, lower limbs,

C) pectoral girdle, pelvic girdle

A) skull, vertebral column, thoracic cage

23

The cell responsible for secreting the matrix of bone is the ________.

A) osteoblast
B) osteocyte
C) chondrocyte
D) osteoclast

A) osteoblast

24

The canal that runs through the core of each osteon (the Haversian canal) is the site of ________.

A) cartilage and interstitial lamellae
B) osteoclasts and osteoblasts
C) yellow marrow and spicules
D) blood vessels and nerve fibers

D) blood vessels and nerve fibers

25

True or False?

The dens articulates with the occipital bone.

FALSE

26

True or False?

The femur is the largest and strongest bone in the body.

TRUE

27

The hyoid bone is unique because ________.
A) it is the only bone of the body that does not articulate with any other bone
B) it is shaped like a plow
C) it is covered with mucosa
D) it has no specific function

A) it is the only bone of the body that does not articulate with any other bone

28

The pelvic girdle does not include the ________.
A) sacrum
B) ilium
C) ischium
D) pubis

A) sacrum

29

The periosteum is secured to the underlying bone by dense connective tissue called ________.

A) Perforating (Sharpey's ) fibers
B) Volkmann's canals
C) a bony matrix with hyaline cartilage
D) the struts of bone known as spicules

A) Perforating (Sharpey's ) fibers

30

The pubic symphysis connects the two hip bones anteriorly and provides a little movement during childbirth. Choose the most appropriate tissue for this structure that is subjected to both pressure and stretch.

a. Fibrocartilage

b. Elastic cartilage

c. Bone

d. Hyaline cartilage

a. Fibrocartilage

31

True or False?

The structural unit of compact bone (osteon) resembles the growth rings of a tree trunk.

TRUE

32

The structure of bone tissue suits the function. Which of the following bone tissues is adapted to support weight and withstand torsion stress?

A) irregular bone
B) compact bone
C) spongy bone
D) trabecular bone

B) compact bone

33

The term diploƫ refers to ________.

A) the two types of marrow found within most bones
B) the internal layer of spongy bone in flat bones
C) the double-layered nature of the connective tissue covering the bone
D) the fact that most bones are formed of two types of bone tissue

B) the internal layer of spongy bone in flat bones

34

True or False?

The term vertebrochondral ribs refers to the "false ribs" that attach to each other before they attach to the sternum.

TRUE

35

True or False?

There are seven cervical, twelve thoracic, and five lumbar vertebrae.

TRUE

36

The major function of the intervertebral discs is to ________.
A) absorb shock
B) string the vertebrae together
C) prevent injuries
D) prevent hyperextension

A) absorb shock

37

The major function of the axial skeleton is to ________.
A) give the body resilience
B) provide an attachment point for muscles that allow movement
C) provide central support for the body and protect internal organs
D) provide a space for the heart and lungs

C) provide central support for the body and protect internal organs

38

when osteoblast becomes entrapped in its own matrix secretions it is refered to as an ______.

A) osteogenic cell

B) osteocyte

C) osteoclast

D) chrondocyte

B) osteocyte

39

Which bone would likely take the longest to heal?

A) finger bone of an elderly individual

B) thigh bone of an elderly individual

C) thigh bone of a young individual

C) finger bone of a young individual

B) thigh bone of an elderly individual

40

Which is the best description for the function of the cranial bones?

A) allowing introduction of food into the digestive system
B) house the special sense organs
C) protection of the brain
D) providing passageways for respiratory gases to move into and out of the body

C) protection of the brain

41

Which of the following bones is not part of the appendicular skeleton?

A) sacrum
B) tibia
C) metacarpals
D) scapula
E) clavicle

A) sacrum

42

Which of the following bones is not weight bearing?

A) femur

B) fibula

C) tibia

D) talus

B) fibula

43

Which of the following is not a function of skeletal system?

A) Production of eythrocytes

B) Storage of minerals

C) Production of body heat

D) Locomotion

C) Production of body heat

44

Which vertebra does not have a body?

A) last lumbar
B) axis
C) atlas
D) last cervical

C) atlas

45

Yellow bone marrow contains a large percentage of ________.
A) fat
B) blood-forming cells
C) elastic tissue
D) Sharpey's fibers

A) fat